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Associations between dietary pesticide residue mixture exposure and mortality in a population-based prospective cohort of men and women
Karolinska Institute, Swede.
Karolinska Institute, Sweden; ISGlobal, Spain; Center for Networked Biomedical Research in Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Spain.
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0522-3591
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0167-5603
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2023 (English)In: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 182, article id 108346Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: There is a concern that pesticide residues, regularly detected in foods, might pose a health risk to the consumer, but epidemiological evidence is limited. We assessed the associations between dietary exposure to a mixture of pesticide residues and mortality. Methods: Food consumption was assessed in 68,844 participants from the Swedish Mammography Cohort and the Cohort of Swedish Men, 45–83 years at baseline (1997). Concentrations of pesticide residues detected in foods on the Swedish market (1996–1998), mainly fruits and vegetables, were obtained via monitoring programs. To assess mixture effects, we summed per food item the ratios of each single pesticide mean residue concentration divided by its acceptable daily intake to create for each participant a Dietary Pesticide Hazard Index (adjusted for energy intake and expressed per kilogram of body weight). Multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 %CI). Results: During 15 years of follow-up (1998–2014), a total of 16,527 deaths occurred, of which 6,238 were caused by cardiovascular disease (CVD) and 5,364 by cancer. Comparing extreme quintiles of Dietary Pesticide Hazard Index, the highest category was inversely associated with CVD mortality HR, 0.82 (95 % CI, 0.75–0.90) and with cancer mortality HR 0.82 (95 % CI 0.75–0.91). In analyses stratified by high/low Dietary Pesticide Hazard Index, similar inverse associations were observed by increasing fruit and vegetable consumption. Conclusions: We observed no indications that dietary exposure to pesticide residue mixtures was associated with increased mortality, nor any clear indications that the benefits of fruit and vegetable consumption on mortality was compromised. Yet, our results need to be interpreted with caution. © 2023 The Author(s)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2023. Vol. 182, article id 108346
Keywords [en]
Cardiovascular Diseases; Diet; Dietary Exposure; Female; Fruit; Humans; Male; Neoplasms; Pesticide Residues; Prospective Studies; Risk Factors; Vegetables; Sweden; Chemical contamination; Diseases; Food supply; Fruits; Hazards; Health risks; Nutrition; Vegetables; dietary pesticide residue; pesticide residue; unclassified drug; pesticide residue; All-cause mortality; Dietary exposure; Dietary pesticide residue exposure; Fruit and vegetables; Hazard indices; Hazard ratio; Nutritional epidemiology; Pesticide residue; Specific-mortality; Swedishs; cohort analysis; consumption behavior; dietary intake; health risk; mortality; pesticide residue; pollution exposure; risk assessment; adult; all cause mortality; Article; caloric intake; cancer mortality; cardiovascular disease; cardiovascular mortality; cohort analysis; controlled study; dietary exposure; female; follow up; food intake; fruit; fruit consumption; human; male; malignant neoplasm; middle aged; population research; prospective study; vegetable; vegetable consumption; analysis; cardiovascular disease; chemistry; diet; dietary exposure; neoplasm; risk factor; Pesticides
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-68806DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2023.108346Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85179717765OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-68806DiVA, id: diva2:1825420
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2016-00308Swedish Research Council, 2017-00822Swedish Research Council, 2017-00644
Note

The Swedish Research Council, Formas grant no 2016-00308, and the Swedish Research Council no 2017-00822 and 2017-00644 (SIMPLER) supported the study.

Available from: 2024-01-09 Created: 2024-01-09 Last updated: 2024-01-15Bibliographically approved

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Hallström, ElinorSonesson, Ulf

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