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Evaluating the role of solar photovoltaic and battery storage in supporting electric aviation and vehicle infrastructure at Visby Airport
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Resources. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6060-5624
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Resources.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8510-2783
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8029-4528
Uppsala University, Sweden.
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2023 (English)In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 352, article id 121946Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Following the societal electrification trend, airports face an inevitable transition of increased electric demand, driven by electric vehicles (EVs) and the potential rise of electric aviation (EA). For aviation, short-haul flights are first in line for fuel exchange to electrified transportation. This work studies the airport of Visby, Sweden and the effect on the electrical power system from EA and EV charging. It uses the measured airport load demand from one year’s operation and simulated EA and EV charging profiles. Solar photovoltaic (PV) and electrical battery energy storage systems (BESS) are modelled to analyse the potential techno-economical gains. The BESS charge and discharge control are modelled in four ways, including a novel multi-objective (MO) dispatch to combine self-consumption (SC) enhancement and peak power shaving. Each model scenario is compared for peak power shaving ability, SC rate and pay-back-period (PBP). The BESS controls are also evaluated for annual degradation and associated cost. The results show that the novel MO dispatch performs well for peak shaving and SC, effectively reducing the BESS’s idle periods. The MO dispatch also results in the battery controls’ lowest PBP (6.9 years) using the nominal economic parameters. Furthermore, a sensitivity analysis for the PBP shows that the peak power tariff significantly influences the PBP for BESS investment. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2023. Vol. 352, article id 121946
Keywords [en]
Gotland; Sweden; Visby; Battery storage; Charging (batteries); Economic analysis; Electric discharges; Electric load dispatching; Investments; Secondary batteries; Sensitivity analysis; Solar concentrators; Solar power generation; Battery control; Battery energy storage systems; Battery storage; Battery storage system; Electric aviation; Electric vehicle charging; Multi objective; Peak power shaving; Solar photovoltaics; Techno-Economic analysis; airport; control system; economic analysis; electrical power; electrification; energy storage; photovoltaic system; Airports
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-67969DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2023.121946Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85171863677OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-67969DiVA, id: diva2:1814413
Note

The Swedish Energy Agency financially supported the work (GrantNo’s. 52433-1, 50986-1 and P2022-01305). The authors would alsolike to thank Swedavia for collaborating on sharing data and discussingfeasible system configurations.

Available from: 2023-11-24 Created: 2023-11-24 Last updated: 2023-12-20Bibliographically approved

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Ollas, PatrikGhaem Sigarchian, SaraAlfredsson, Hampus

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