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Crevice Corrosion of High-Grade Stainless Steels in Seawater: A Comparison Between Temperate and Tropical Locations
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Corrosion.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8721-8560
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Corrosion.ORCID iD: 0009-0008-1885-1205
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Corrosion.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6347-994x
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Corrosion.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5462-2700
2023 (English)In: Corrosion, ISSN 0010-9312, E-ISSN 1938-159X, Vol. 79, no 9, p. 1106-1117Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The corrosion risk for stainless steel components is not the same in all seawaters, with more failures generally reported in tropical seas. In this study, the influence of biofilm on electrochemical behavior and corrosion resistance of passive films of high-grade alloys was studied in different seawaters, including temperate seawater (France-Brest, North Atlantic Ocean), tropical seawater (Malaysia-Kelatan, Meridional China Sea), and intermediate conditions in terms of temperature (Brazil-Arraial do Cabo, South Atlantic Ocean). The stabilized open-circuit potentials and the polarization behavior of high-grade stainless steels were measured as a function of temperature in all of the tested field marine stations, providing quantified data and direct comparison of the biofilm-enhanced corrosion risks. Significant differences were measured in tropical and in temperate seawaters in heated conditions. Above 37°C, the biofilm activity was much more pronounced in tropical seawater compared to Atlantic Ocean sites, leading to much higher localized corrosion risk. Crevice corrosion of eight high-grades passive alloys was also studied with the use of crevice formers specifically developed for tube geometries. Duplex UNS S32205, superduplex UNS S32750, hyperduplex UNS S33207 and S32707, and 6Mo stainless steels UNS S31266 have been evaluated together with Ni-based alloys UNS N06845 and N06625. In the more severe conditions, the high-grade alloys UNS S32707 and the 6%Mo UNS S31266, both with pitting resistant equivalent number (PREN) around 50, showed better performance than commonly used superduplex UNS S32750 and UNS S39274 (PREN 40). The corrosion results are discussed regarding the monitored biofilm-induced depolarization measured in the different test conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Association for Materials Protection and Performance , 2023. Vol. 79, no 9, p. 1106-1117
Keywords [en]
Biofilms; Corrosion resistance; Corrosion resistant alloys; Crevice corrosion; Electrochemical corrosion; Localized corrosion; Nickel alloys; Oceanography; Risk assessment; Seawater corrosion; Steel corrosion; Tropics; Atlantic Ocean; Corrosion risk; Corrosion-resistant alloys; Crevice corrosion; Ennoblement; High grades; Pitting resistant equivalent numbers; Steel components; Superduplex; Tropical location; Stainless steel
National Category
Corrosion Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-67717DOI: 10.5006/4370Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85173616989OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-67717DiVA, id: diva2:1809726
Available from: 2023-11-06 Created: 2023-11-06 Last updated: 2023-11-21Bibliographically approved

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Larché, NicolasLeballeur, CharlesDiler, ErwanThierry, Dominique

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