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Photovoltaics in Sweden - Success or failure?
Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4417-7735
Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
2021 (English)In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 143, article id 110894Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Promoting global energy transitions while stimulating domestic industrialization requires national policymaking that shapes technological innovation towards specific outcomes. Although this is inherently difficult, historical case studies may bring a better understanding of innovation dynamics and thereby guide the design of future policy interventions. The purpose of this paper is to review and analyze the emergence of Swedish photovoltaics technology from a policy perspective. Our main aim is to provide a retrospective account of historical developments, but we also derive more general insights about technological innovation and related policy challenges. The paper departs from an adapted analytical framework based on the technological innovation systems approach. Our review identifies four decades of Swedish research that has largely failed to drive domestic commercialization, the rise and fall of an industry that mainly served international markets, and a rapidly growing domestic market based on imported products. This situation is the result of mismatches and fragmentation among key innovation processes, which have not been addressed by strategic policy interventions. We suggest that policymakers should promote a full range of innovation processes and consider making innovation support subject to a payback mechanism that delivers a return on public investments even if industries and markets emerge abroad. Our study also demonstrates how the technological innovation systems approach can be extended to include the function commercialization and emphasizes the importance of paying attention to the directionality of technological innovation processes. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2021. Vol. 143, article id 110894
Keywords [en]
International trade; Investments; Solar power generation, Energy transitions; Innovation policies; Photovoltaics; Policy intervention; Swedishs; Systems approach; Technological innovation; Technological innovation systems; Technological system; Technology policy, Solar energy
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-67370DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2021.110894Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85102457382OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-67370DiVA, id: diva2:1799477
Available from: 2023-09-22 Created: 2023-09-22 Last updated: 2024-01-08Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, Johnn

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  • apa
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  • de-DE
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Output format
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