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LEARNING FROM FIRE INCIDENTS : Analysis of a devastating fire in a building with municipal housing in Norway
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire and Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5143-6854
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire and Safety. NTNU, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4831-7563
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire and Safety.
2022 (English)In: Proceedings of the 32nd European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2022), 2022, p. 1156-Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This article presents an analysis of a fire in a municipal apartment building used as housing for people with challenges connected to drug addiction. The fire took place in Norway 7th of August 2021. The incident happened during the night and the fire was spreading quickly and intensely via the external wooden balconies. The combination of risk factors both connected to the fire development and the characteristics of the occupants raises the potential for fire fatalities. This analysis seeks to understand why the fire spread with such a speed, and how everyone in the building survived without injuries. The analysis identified both technical and human factors that may help to answer these questions. The findings suggest that there were deficiencies connected to the technical fire safety design that if improved could have reduced the fire damage. Factors promoting the fire spread and fire intensity include the choice of wood material used in the construction of the balconies, no sprinkler system installed on the balconies and a large fire load on the balconies caused by the occupants’ tendency to accumulate possessions on the balconies. Factors contributing to the outcome of no injuries or fatalities included occupants being awake during these late hours, and the strong social network between them. Such a network should be seen as a positive factor regarding robustness against fire and should be encouraged.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. p. 1156-
Keywords [en]
Keywords: fire safety, learning, investigation, fire analysis, case study, human behaviour in fire
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-63571DOI: 10.3850/978-981-18-5183-4_R21-01-401-cdOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-63571DiVA, id: diva2:1731455
Conference
32nd European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2022)
Note

Project FRIC P1.2: Learning from Fire Investigations

Available from: 2023-01-27 Created: 2023-01-27 Last updated: 2023-05-09Bibliographically approved

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Aamodt, EdvardSteen-Hansen, Anne

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CiteExportLink to record
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