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Erfaringer med mobile vanntåkeanlegg installert i boliger
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Brand och Säkerhet.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5143-6854
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Brand och Säkerhet.
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Brand och Säkerhet.
2022 (Norska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Experiences regarding personal protection water mist systems installed in dwellings. Personal protection water mist systems can produce a water mist that can cool down and limit a fire in a small area in a dwelling. The system is equipped with sensitive detectors which can activate the system in the early stages of the fire and limit the fire spread, and in some cases extinguish the fire. This gives more time for evacuation, which can be especially important for vulnerable people with risk factors, like impaired cognitive and physical functioning. The goal of this study has been to map the experiences in Norway regarding personal protection water mist systems, considering how the municipalities have experienced the work related to the systems and whether the systems have activated and saved lives. This will shed light upon whether mobile water mist systems are appropriate measures for vulnerable people in the society, and the risk factors that determine whether the measure is appropriate or not. This study has used literature studies, questionnaires, and interviews to map the experiences of personal protection water mist systems in Norway. The results showed that personal protection water mist systems installed in Norwegian dwellings have been activated in connection with fire outbreaks, and thus limited or extinguished the fire. This has saved lives on several occasions and reduced the damage potential. There are many people who have risk factors that make it appropriate to install a mobile water mist system in their home, but there are also exceptions. The risk factors that indicate that it is beneficial to install mobile water mist systems in Norwegian dwellings are - Impaired cognitive abilities - Impaired physical abilities - Drug and alcohol problems - Smoking - Living alone The systems are particularly suitable when several of the risk factors are present at the same time. It was also shown that personal protection water mist systems are not suitable for mobile people who spend time in several places in the home and are therefore often outside the system's coverage area. Personal protection water mist systems are not recommended for people who may have the potential to sabotage the system. In questionnaires and interviews, it emerged that there are big differences between how Norwegian municipalities work with assigning, installing, operating, and maintaining personal protection water mist systems. In larger municipalities, there are more people who rely on routines and formal processes for the work, and there is therefore a greater proportion of the larger municipalities who distribute the facilities out to individuals than in the small municipalities where the work is more characterised by informal routines and personal relations. 3 Based on the results from this study, it is our opinion that the following aspects should be covered by future work: • Need for a new and updated cost-benefit analysis for personal protection water mist systems. • Need for a better statistical basis for assessment of the personal protection water mist systems. • Need for a Norwegian test standard for personal protection water mist systems. • Need for clear guidelines for assignment, procurement, installing, operation, and maintenance of personal protection water mist systems.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2022. , s. 73
Serie
RISE Rapport ; 2022:122
Nyckelord [en]
fire, safety, personal protection water mist systems, risk factors, vulnerable groups
Nyckelord [no]
brann, sikkerhet, mobile vanntåkeanlegg, risikofaktorer, sårbare grupper
Nationell ämneskategori
Husbyggnad
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-62353ISBN: 978-91-89757-03-5 (digital)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-62353DiVA, id: diva2:1723317
Anmärkning

Finansiert av: Direktoratet for samfunnssikkerhet og beredskap og Direktoratet for byggkvalitet

Tillgänglig från: 2023-01-03 Skapad: 2023-01-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-05-24Bibliografiskt granskad

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Aamodt, Edvard

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