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Improved fire design model for walls and floors with I-joists
Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6623-9263
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire and Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8001-401x
Masonite Beams, Sweden.
Masonite Beams, Sweden.
2022 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Wooden I-joists, being factory-made ultra-light and highly optimised products, are typically used as the load-bearing elements in timber frame assemblies (TFA), which consist of a combination of material layers – sheeting boards (claddings) and cavities which may be partially or completely filled with insulation. The materials used in conjunction with a timber member in a TFA affect the heating of the timber member. The joists consist of flanges (made of sawn wood, LVL or glulam) and a web (made of a wood - based board). Fire resistance of such wooden structural products is a complex matter. However, the current European design standard for timber structures in fire – Eurocode 5 Part 1-2 (2004) provides no guidance for I-joists. The fire resistance of wooden I-joists has been previously investigated by König (2006) and Schmid et al. (2011), who developed calculation models to analyse the load-bearing capacity of wooden I-joists exposed to fire for floors. There have been significant changes in the variety and types of materials used in conjunction with I-joists. Therefore, the application of these models is limited nowadays. Additionally, they focus on the reduced properties method. Only the effective cross-section method will be included in the revised Eurocode 5 Part 1-2. This report describes the unified model for wooden I-joists in both wall and floor assemblies which follows the philosophy of the effective cross-section method. Additionally, it should be used with all types of cavity insulation and fire protection systems. The unified I-joists model aims to be introduced to the new revised Eurocode 5 Part 1-2. Two phenomena have to be considered according to the ECSM: charring and mechanical resistance. It is assumed that the charring of wood is a material characteristic which is not dependent on the orientation of the structure (wall or floor). The charring of the flanges is primarily dependent on the cladding material and thickness. After the failure of the claddings, the charring is influenced by cavity insulation. Gypsum plasterboards as cladding and stone and glass wool as cavity insulation have been tested and analysed. A large number of thermal simulations have been analysed to investigate the influence of various factors (e.g. flange size, cavity insulation material, protective boards) on the charring behaviour of the fire-exposed flange and the web. The combination of different materials and the slender nature of I-joists makes their fire resistance a complicated issue. The thin web is very sensitive to elevated temperatures and charring. Additionally, adhesives used in finger joints in the flanges and the joint between the flanges and the web influences the load-bearing capacity. The loss of strength and stiffness were seen in wood at elevated temperatures is considered in the ECSM by a zero-strength layer. The zero-strength layer (ZSL) is an additional reduction of the cross-section to compensate for the decrease in strength and stiffness properties. The development of the expressions to calculate the ZSL depths for compression elements is discussed in this paper.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 14
Series
FIRENWOOD D2.2
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-61176ISBN: 978-91-89757-09-7 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-61176DiVA, id: diva2:1711878
Note

The FIRENWOOD project is supported under the umbrella of ERA-NET Cofund ForestValue byGermany (Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL); Agency for Renewable Resources (FNR)project number FKZ 2219NR120), Sweden (The Swedish Research Council for Environment,Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (FORMAS); Swedish Energy Agency (SWEA); SwedishGovernmental Agency for Innovation Systems (Vinnova) project number 2018-04989) and Norway(Research Council of Norway (RCN) project number 298587). Fores tValue has received funding fromthe European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No773324.

Available from: 2022-11-18 Created: 2022-11-18 Last updated: 2023-05-08Bibliographically approved

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Mäger, Katrin NeleJust, Alar

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