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Sampling methods for renewable gases and related gases: challenges and current limitations
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Applied Mechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4037-3106
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Applied Mechanics.
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5118-0150
2022 (English)In: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, ISSN 1618-2642, E-ISSN 1618-2650, Vol. 414, p. 6285-6294Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Renewable gases, hydrogen and biomethane can be used for the same applications as natural gas: to heat homes, power vehicles and generate electricity. They have the potential to contribute to the decarbonisation of the gas grid. Hydrogen blending with existing natural gas pipelines is also proposed as a means to increase the performance of renewable energy systems. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) and carbon capture and utilisation (CCU) technologies can be an answer to the global challenge of significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Due to production methods, these gases typically contain species in trace amounts that can negatively impact the equipment they come into contact with or pipelines when injected into the gas grid. It is therefore necessary to ensure proper (and stable) gas quality that meets the requirements set out in the relevant standards. The gas quality standards require the collection and transport of a representative gas sample from the point of use to the analytical laboratory; i.e., no compounds may be added to or removed from the gas during sampling and transport. To obtain a representative sample, many challenges must be overcome. The biggest challenge is material compatibility and managing adsorption risks in the sampling systems (sampling line and sampling vessels). However, other challenges arise from the need for flow measurement with non-pure gases or from the nature of the matrix. Currently, there are no conclusive results of short-term stability measurements carried out under gas purity conditions (suitable pressure, matrix, appropriate concentrations, simultaneous presence of several species). © 2022, The Author(s).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH , 2022. Vol. 414, p. 6285-6294
Keywords [en]
Material compatibility, Renewable gases, Sampling, Blending, Gas emissions, Greenhouse gases, Laboratories, Renewable energy resources, Biomethane, Current limitation, Gas quality, Heat homes, matrix, Power generate, Power vehicles, Renewable gas, Sampling method, Natural gas
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-59088DOI: 10.1007/s00216-022-03949-0Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85124264251OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-59088DiVA, id: diva2:1651969
Note

 Funding details: Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, H2020; Funding details: European Metrology Programme for Innovation and Research, EMPIR; Funding text 1: Open access funding provided by RISE Research Institutes of Sweden. The Joint Research Project (JRP) 20IND10 «Metrology for decarbonising the gas grid» (Decarb) is supported by the European Metrology Programme for Innovation and Research (EMPIR). The EMPIR initiative is co-funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme and the EMPIR Participating States.

Available from: 2022-04-14 Created: 2022-04-14 Last updated: 2023-07-06Bibliographically approved

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Arrhenius, KarineBüker, Oliver

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