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Tjänstedesign, aktörsanalys och energisystem
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2066-6371
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
2022 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The collection and recycling of packaging and life cycle analyses has traditionally been developed from a technical perspective, excluding the actors in the chain. However, how recycling should take place depends on who you ask and whether you look at the issue from an energy, material, legal or user-based perspective. The purpose of the research project TJÅRVEN is to create scalable solutions that change the behaviour of recycling stations and increase knowledge about behaviours and recycling within an energy context. There are three concrete objectives within the project. 1. Practical objectives: (1) Reduce wrong sorting, (2) Sort more (3) Reduced cleaning needs. 2. Development goals: Method development combine service design and actor LCA. 3. Knowledge objectives: Literature in social factors and actor LCA. Conclusions for the different milestones: Practical goals: A radical system change could result in a 30% behavioural change and reduced energy and climate impact. A small change will only lead to a 10% behavioural change and reduced energy and climate impact. Development goals: The combined method provides added value by combining the qualitative design method with quantitative figures. It provides a better anchoring and understanding for users i.e. households, which cannot be obtained by individual methods. Knowledge objectives: A literature study within state-of-the-art in ways to encourage proper recycling has been carried out within the first phase of the project. The literature study can be found in a parallel RISE report. Recommendations (for each operator and the entire system): Recommendations (cities and transport companies): It can be profitable to compare different cities e.g. choice of station affect transport, type of vehicle /fuel affect energy and climate impact. Recommendations (cleaning companies): Each station does not need to be cleaned as often as is done now because it does not affect household. Recommendation (household): Distance of station affect the choice of transport. Rinsing with hot water affects, as well as more sorting reduces the incineration. Recommendations (whole system): The biggest impact has households due to sorting and residual management, which results in 10-30% reduced energy and climate impact. Future studies: For the development of a future packaging collection, the integration of households and cities is needed. This is to avoid sub-optimizations in energy systems. There is a need for cooperation with cities that want to develop a better collection system. There is a need for the development of information and stations. There is a need for further development of implemented interventions and further development of more radical interventions i.e. services closer to households.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 33
Series
RISE Rapport ; 2022:51
Keywords [en]
waste, packaging, design, service, actor analysis, LCA, energy system
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-58970ISBN: 978-91-89561-91-5 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-58970DiVA, id: diva2:1648963
Available from: 2022-04-01 Created: 2022-04-01 Last updated: 2024-02-21Bibliographically approved

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Brunklaus, BirgitLöwgren, Annika

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