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Social factors and behavioural change in waste packaging collection systems – literature review and existing case studies
, Spain.
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2066-6371
2022 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The collection and recycling of packaging and life cycle assessments have traditionally been developed from a technical perspective, not including the actors in the chain. However, how recycling should be done depends on who you ask, and whether you look at the issue from an energy, material, legal or user-based perspective. FTI, the Packaging and Newspaper Collection organization is responsible for better circularity and collecting in Sweden's municipalities. They ensure that containers are emptied, that the collection points remain clean, that contents go to the right treatment, and that materials are recycled as much as possible. When recyclable materials end up in the wrong place, it causes problems leading to increased energy use in the life cycle. The ongoing project Tjårven, aims to reduce energy use in connection with packaging collection, as well as potential energy gains in the second stage of the packaging life cycle, by redesigning packaging collection from a user centred perspective. For this, design methods that consider users’ sorting and recycling behaviour as a starting point, will be used for the re-design. To show the energy use in the lifecycle and include the actors, an actor-based LCA method will be used. This literature review can be divided into two sections, the first one focusing on household waste sorting behaviour insights, and the second one focusing on EPR for PPP and how it fits into waste collection systems and recycling behaviour. The literature review has been performed initially on recycling behaviour and extended producer responsibility. The literature review has been further performed on social indicators and existing case studies of nudging has been added, as well as literature on the “ladder of change” has been added to the literature review to increase the understanding of behaviour change and behavioural context. The literature study included 36 reported interventions and from good practices to improve recycling performance from 162 articles. The literature shows that social modelling, environmental interventions, and communication strategies are the type of interventions that obtain best results. Additionally, it is advisable that the project team uses EXPRA content as a EPR for PPP specific benchmark platform. The Swedish regulations that define how FTI operates might be subjected to change based on shifting criteria at the EU, influenced by other EPR frontrunners. It is advisable to sort the social factors for changing behaviours in the literature into design factors: social design factors to provide positive feedback and to adopt to everyday life, physical design factors to provide accessibility, clarity, and comparability, as well as service design factors to provide user-and operator friendly service. It is advisable to look at Nudging, and service design since 30% reduction is possible. Additionally, it is advisable to build a new ladder of change to understand the context of change for the service provider and the user behaviour, including the following steps: (1) Awareness and willingness to change, (2) Knowledge raising, (3) Possibility e.g. simplifying, available, attractive, (4) Relationships and feedback, (5) Dare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 26
Series
RISE Rapport ; 2022:46
Keywords [en]
literature review, recycling, behaviour, social modelling, social factors, service design
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-58968ISBN: 978-91-89561-85-4 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-58968DiVA, id: diva2:1648896
Available from: 2022-04-01 Created: 2022-04-01 Last updated: 2023-05-10Bibliographically approved

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Brunklaus, Birgit

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