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Safety at waste and recycling industry: Detection and mitigation of waste fire accidents
Linnaeus University, Sweden.
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire and Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6758-6067
Linnaeus University, Sweden.
2022 (English)In: Waste Management, ISSN 0956-053X, E-ISSN 1879-2456, Vol. 141, p. 271-281Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, NASA’s VIIRS (Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite) fire hotspots and data of the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB), collected between 2012 and 2018, was integrated to characterize waste fire incidents that were detected by VIIRS and reported to MSB (DaR), detected by VIIRS but not reported to MSB (DbNR) and that are reported to MSB but not detected by VIIRS (RbND). Results show that the average number of open waste fire incidents per million capita per year (AFIPMC) in Sweden, for the period 2012–2018, ranges from 2.4 to 4.7. Although a weak correlation exists (r = 0.44, P = 0.1563, one tailed) between years and number of fire incidents (MSB + VIIRS fires), a continuous increase in number of fire incidents was recorded between 2014 and 2018. It is concluded that the use of satellite data of fire anomalies, in-combination with the use of incident reports, will help in formalizing more reliable and comprehensive waste fire statistics. Another focus area of the article is to consolidate the recommendations and routines for safe storage of waste and biofuels and to present the lessons that can be learnt from past fire incidents. The article also discusses the technical, political, economic, social, and practical aspects of waste fires and provide a baseline for future research and experimentation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. Vol. 141, p. 271-281
Keywords [en]
Waste fire, Waste management, Waste emissions, Waste industry, Fire hazard, Safe storage
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-58554DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2022.02.004Scopus ID: s2.0-S0956053X22000629OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-58554DiVA, id: diva2:1637959
Note

This work was supported by KK-stiftelsen [grant number 817-2.1.9, 2017] and Åforsk-stiftelsen [21-106].

Available from: 2022-02-15 Created: 2022-02-15 Last updated: 2023-05-09Bibliographically approved

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Lönnermark, Anders

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