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Svensk konsumtion av sjömat
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Jordbruk och livsmedel.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0814-5258
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Jordbruk och livsmedel.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5888-4943
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Jordbruk och livsmedel.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1995-2338
2021 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Seafood has gained increasing attention in discussions on sustainable and healthy diets. This is based on a generally high nutrient content in combination with a comparatively low environmental impact. But there are major differences between different seafoods. Furthermore, information available on Swedish seafood consumption is lacking or associated with uncertainties. Baselines on current consumption are needed to guide consumers and other seafood value chain actors in Sweden. Here Swedish seafood consumption in 2019 is presented, the third RISE report on the topic since 2017. Figures are based on available official statistics on production, import and export supplemented with collected data. The statistics have also been processed, such as grouped by species and recalculated to live weight and edible part by using general conversion factors. Both the previous two RISE reports identified data gaps. This report has therefore strived to reduce the uncertainties and use more data sources as they have been discovered. The methods and data thus differ somewhat between the reports, which implies that the results are not fully comparable. There are also still data gaps. Results show that Swedish consumption of seafood still does not reach the dietary advice by the National Food Agency in Sweden of 2-3 times per week. Furthermore, the overall trend is stable or possibly declining. In 2019, it is estimated that 123 777 tonnes of seafood were available for Swedish consumption in edible form (fillets, peeled and prepared products). This corresponds to an average of 12 kg per person per year (or 230 grams per week, 96 portions per capita). Converted to live weight, this is the equivalent of approximately 276 367 tonnes (or 27 kg per capita). The ten most common species or species groups contributed with over 75 % of the total volume, dominated by salmon, cod, herring and shrimps. The theoretical degree of self-sufficiency is low, 74 % of the volume was imported. Swedish production consists mainly of seafood from commercial fisheries (74 %), of which 3 % came from inland fisheries. Aquaculture contributed 16 % and the remaining from kept catches in recreational fishing. To this end, value chain perspectives – from sea to table – are essential for the sustainable development of the seafood sector. There are opportunities to diversify consumption towards more low impact and nutritious seafoods and increase self-sufficiency, but these shifts need concerted efforts. Consumer studies has shown that many Swedish consumer plan to increase their seafood consumption, and acceptance of more species is increasing. This interest, in combination with the current investments made in research in boosting seafood in Sweden, may offer a momentum to develop more sustainable seafood habits in Sweden.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2021. , s. 39
Serie
RISE Rapport ; 2021:83
Nyckelord [en]
seafood, consumption, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Fisk- och akvakulturforskning Livsmedelsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-56764ISBN: 978-91-89385-73-3 (digital)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-56764DiVA, id: diva2:1603845
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Tillgänglig från: 2021-10-18 Skapad: 2021-10-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-06-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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Hornborg, SaraBergman, KristinaZiegler, Friederike

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