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Experimental investigation of the system normal stiffness of a 5 MN direct shear test setup and the compensation of it in CNS direct shear tests
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Applied Mechanics. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4551-5644
2021 (English)In: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environment, ISSN 1755-1307, E-ISSN 1755-1315, Vol. 833, article id 012011Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Experiments at constant normal stiffness (CNS) are normally carried out to understand underground shear processes of rock joints. However, in many test setups the available space around the joint is limited implying it is not possible to measure the dilatancy directly over the joint. Therefore, the displacement transducers must be in locations where the risk is that additional displacements originating from deficiencies in the test system will be measured causing too low normal loads to be applied. Herein, this issue is investigated in a new 5 MN direct shear test setup. The system normal stiffness was found to be about 11 300 kN/mm derived from normal loading up to 4.5 MN using a steel specimen. The direct shear testing performance under the CNS configuration was evaluated using the steel specimen, which had a joint with a known angle of inclination. The normal load error at 3.9 MN (28 MPa) was 11%, but by application of the effective normal stiffness approach using the system normal stiffness as input the error basically could be eliminated. The results demonstrate the robustness of the setup designed for joint areas up to 400 × 600 mm with normal and shear loads up to 5 MN.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOP Publishing , 2021. Vol. 833, article id 012011
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-56641DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/833/1/012011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-56641DiVA, id: diva2:1596493
Conference
Mechanics and Rock Engineering, from Theory to Practice 20-25 September 2021, Turin, Italy
Available from: 2021-09-22 Created: 2021-09-22 Last updated: 2023-05-23Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, Jörgen

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