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Nanoscale Wear and Mechanical Properties of Calcite: Effects of Stearic Acid Modification and Water Vapor
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6181-1347
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden; Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6877-9282
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1634-6789
Karlstad University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6394-6990
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2021 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 37, no 32, p. 9826-9837Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Understanding the wear of mineral fillers is crucial for controlling industrial processes, and in the present work, we examine the wear resistance and nanomech. properties of bare calcite and stearic acid-modified calcite surfaces under dry and humid conditions at the nanoscale. Measurements under different loads allow us to probe the situation in the absence and presence of abrasive wear. The sliding motion is in general characterized by irregular stick-slip events that at higher loads lead to abrasion of the brittle calcite surface. Bare calcite is hydrophilic, and under humid conditions, a thin water layer is present on the surface. This water layer does not affect the friction force. However, it slightly decreases the wear depth and strongly influences the distribution of wear particles. In contrast, stearic acid-modified surfaces are hydrophobic. Nevertheless, humidity affects the wear characteristics by decreasing the binding strength of stearic acid at higher humidity. A complete monolayer coverage of calcite by stearic acid results in a significant reduction in wear but only a moderate reduction in friction forces at low humidity and no reduction at 75% relative humidity (RH). Thus, our data suggest that the wear reduction does not result from a lowering of the friction force but rather from an increased ductility of the surface region as offered by the stearic acid layer. An incomplete monolayer of stearic acid on the calcite surface provides no reduction in wear regardless of the RH investigated. Clearly, the wear properties of modified calcite surfaces depend crucially on the packing d. of the surface modifier and also on the air humidity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society , 2021. Vol. 37, no 32, p. 9826-9837
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-56145DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.1c01390OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-56145DiVA, id: diva2:1589870
Available from: 2021-09-01 Created: 2021-09-01 Last updated: 2023-06-08Bibliographically approved

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Wojas, NataliaDobryden, IlliaWallqvist, VivecaSwerin, AgneJärn, Mikael

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Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)

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