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Effects of flame-retardant additives on the manufacturing, mechanical, and fire properties of basalt fiber-reinforced polybenzoxazine
University of Bremen, Germany; Fraunhofer, Germany.
University of Bremen, Germany; Fraunhofer, Germany.
University of Bremen, Germany; Fraunhofer, Germany.
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire Technology. DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7001-9757
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2021 (English)In: Polymer Engineering and Science, ISSN 0032-3888, E-ISSN 1548-2634, Vol. 61, no 2, p. 551-561Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Basalt fiber-reinforced polybenzoxazines (BFRP) were manufactured through vacuum infusion using resorcinol bis (diphenyl phosphate) and poly-(m-phenylene methylphosphonate) together with bisphenol-F and aniline based benzoxazine. Different types and loadings of flame-retardant additives showed to have catalysis or dilution effects in viscosity measurements. BFRPs show well-penetrated fibers and near-zero porosity. Additive addition did not influence tensile properties, while apparent interlaminar shear strength decreased indicating a lower adhesion between fiber and matrix. BFRP's heat and smoke release properties increased, though time to ignition increased and flammability behavior improved by decreasing delamination yielding oxygen indices in between 72 and 91%. © 2020 The Authors. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley and Sons Inc , 2021. Vol. 61, no 2, p. 551-561
Keywords [en]
mechanical properties, polybenzoxazine, polymer-matrix composites, rheological properties, thermal properties, Aniline, Basalt, Fibers, Phenols, Polymer blends, Shear strength, Smoke, Viscosity measurement, Apparent interlaminar shear strength, Dilution effect, Fire properties, Flame-retardant additives, Smoke release, Time to ignition, Vacuum infusion, Additives
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Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-51489DOI: 10.1002/pen.25599Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85097619046OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-51489DiVA, id: diva2:1516282
Note

Funding details: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, BMBF, 03XP0001; Funding details: Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, H2020, 777595; Funding details: Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, CAPES, BEX 13458/13‐2; Funding details: 777595; Funding text 1: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, Grant/Award Number: 03XP0001; Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, Grant/Award Number: BEX 13458/13‐2; Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, Grant/Award Number: 777595 Funding information; Funding text 2: This work is part of the Mat4Rail project, which has received funding from the Shift2Rail Joint Undertaking under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No 777595. V.C. Beber acknowledges the funding from CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior) through the Science without Borders program under the grant BEX 13458/13‐2. K. Koschek acknowledges the funding from the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF) through the NanoMatFutur award (DuroCycleFVK 03XP0001). Nick Wolter acknowledges Huntsman Advanced Materials for providing the benzoxazine, ICL‐IP for providing the FRAs for this study, and AIMPLAS for scientific discussions. Open access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.

Available from: 2021-01-11 Created: 2021-01-11 Last updated: 2023-06-05Bibliographically approved

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Sandinge, AnnaBlomqvist, Per

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