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A comparative study of test methods for assessment of fire safety performance of bus interior materials
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7140-4737
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7226-0969
2013 (English)In: Fire and Materials, ISSN 0308-0501, E-ISSN 1099-1018, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 350-357Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This work concerns the assessment of fire performance of interior materials in buses. The widely used test method ISO 3795/FMVSS 302 has received much criticism mainly based on the fact that the test is a small-scale method not suited for bus fires induced by for example fire in the engine compartment or fire in a tyre. Furthermore, test specimens are oriented horizontally, whereas much fire spread in a real bus fire occurs on vertically oriented products. Seventeen products were investigated: 11 textiles, four solids and two insulations. Three test methods were compared: ISO 3795, ISO 6941 and ISO 5658-2. Given the existing criteria for interior materials, it was found that ISO 6941 and ISO 5658-2 place harder requirements on the materials. When the three methods were compared, it was found that ISO 3795/FMVSS 302 and ISO 6941 are insufficient for simulating bus fires typically occurring today. Such fires are often initiated by a fire in the engine compartment or in a tyre and can hardly be simulated by small-scale methods as ISO 3795/FMVSS 302 or ISO 6941 even if the ISO 6941 method to some extent gives results similar to the established large-scale ISO 5658-2 method.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 37, no 5, p. 350-357
Keywords [en]
bus, ECE Reg. No 118, EU directive 95/28/CE, fire, FMVSS 302, interior materials, ISO 3795, ISO 5658-2, ISO 6941, EU directives, Buses, Engines, Fires, Materials, Testing, Flammability testing
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-49917DOI: 10.1002/fam.1116Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84881475984OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-49917DiVA, id: diva2:1484806
Available from: 2020-10-30 Created: 2020-10-30 Last updated: 2023-05-25Bibliographically approved

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Försth, MichaelSundström, Björn

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