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Molecular characterization and optical properties of primary emissions from a residential wood burning boiler
University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 754, artikkel-id 142143Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Modern small-scale biomass burners have been recognized as an important renewable energy source because of the economic and environmental advantages of biomass over fossil fuels. However, the characteristics of their gas and particulate emissions remain incompletely understood, and there is substantial uncertainty concerning their health and climate impacts. Here, we present online measurements conducted during the operation of a residential wood-burning boiler. The measured parameters include gas and particle concentrations, optical absorption and chemical characteristics of gases and particles. Positive matrix factorization was performed to analyze data from a high-resolution time-of-flight chemical ionization mass spectrometer (HR-ToF-CIMS) equipped with a filter inlet for gases and aerosols (FIGAERO). Six factors were identified and interpreted. Three factors were related to the chemical composition of the fuel representing lignin pyrolysis products, cellulose/hemicellulose pyrolysis products, and nitrogen-containing organics, while three factor were related to the physical characteristics of the emitted compounds: volatile compounds, semi-volatile compounds, and filter-derived compounds. An ordinal analysis was performed based on the factor fractions to identify the most influential masses in each factor, and by deconvoluting high-resolution mass spectra fingerprint molecules for each factor were identified. Results from the factor analysis were linked to the optical properties of the emissions, and lignin and cellulose/hemicellulose pyrolysis products appeared to be the most important sources of brown carbon under the tested burning conditions. It is concluded that the emissions from the complex combustion process can be described by a limited set of physically meaningful factors, which will help to rationalize subsequent transformation and tracing of emissions in the atmosphere and associated impacts on health and climate. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier B.V. , 2021. Vol. 754, artikkel-id 142143
Emneord [en]
Brown carbon, Cellulose, CIMS, Lignin, Positive matrix factorization, Boilers, Chemical analysis, Factor analysis, Factorization, Fossil fuels, Gas emissions, Housing, Ionization of gases, Light absorption, Mass spectrometers, Mass spectrometry, Pyrolysis, Renewable energy resources, Volatile organic compounds, Chemical characteristic, High-resolution mass spectrum, Molecular characterization, Particle concentrations, Physical characteristics, Renewable energy source, Residential wood burning, Optical properties, Analysis Of Variance
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-48764DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142143Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85090186936OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-48764DiVA, id: diva2:1466919
Merknad

Funding details: Energimyndigheten, 44702-1; Funding details: Svenska ForskningsrÃ¥det Formas; Funding text 1: This work was supported by the Swedish Energy Agency ( 44702-1 ). ÅMH acknowledge support from Formas ( 214-2013-1430 ). We gratefully thank Ingmar Schuessler for help with operating the boiler.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-09-14 Laget: 2020-09-14 Sist oppdatert: 2023-05-23bibliografisk kontrollert

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