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Meeting the bioenergy targets from palm oil based biorefineries: An optimal configuration in Indonesia
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
International Institute for Applied System Analysis, Austria.
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Biorefinery and Energy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4909-6643
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
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2020 (English)In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 278, article id 115749Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Biorefineries provide opportunities to improve the economic, environmental, and social performance of bio-based production systems. Prudent planning of plant configuration and localization is however of great merit to obtain maximum benefits from biorefineries. This study investigates optimal deployment of palm oil-based biorefineries on the two major islands of Indonesia, Sumatra and Kalimantan. In addition, the results of the optimal bioenergy (bioelectricity, biodiesel, ethanol) production are used to calculate the potential contribution of the palm oil industry according to the national bioenergy targets from 2020 to 2030. This work also offers a new perspective of analyzing the role of bioenergy in the palm oil industry in relation to meeting the bioenergy targets through the development of spatially explicit optimization model, BeWhere Indonesia. Results show that the palm oil-based biorefineries in Sumatra and Kalimantan can produce 1–1.25 GW of electricity, 4.6–12.5 bL of biodiesel, and 2.8–4.8 bL of ethanol in 2030. Significant efforts in terms of mobilization of resources and economic instruments are required to harness the full potential offered by the palm oil-based biorefineries. This study provides an important insight on how palm oil biorefineries can be developed for their enhanced roles in meeting global sustainability efforts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2020. Vol. 278, article id 115749
Keywords [en]
BeWhere, Bioenergy targets, Palm oil, Spatio-temporal optimization, Supply chain
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-48298DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115749Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85090056047OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-48298DiVA, id: diva2:1465850
Note

Funding details: Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit, BMU; Funding details: Energimyndigheten, T6473; Funding text 1: The research was financed by the Swedish Energy Agency [ T6473 ] and also supported by the RESTORE + project ( www.restoreplus.org ). The latter is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI), supported by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) in Germany. The study was carried out independently.

Available from: 2020-09-10 Created: 2020-09-10 Last updated: 2023-04-05Bibliographically approved

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