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Environmental assessment of the valorisation and recycling of selected food production side flows
BOKU University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Austria.
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
Quadram Institute Bioscience, UK.
BOKU University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Austria.
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2020 (English)In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 161, article id 104921Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Residues from the food manufacturing industry require management options with the best overall environmental outcome. The identification of sustainable solutions depends however, on many influencing factors such as energy input, transport distance, and substituted product. This study shows the influence of the choice of substituted products on the overall greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for three specific food side-flows and their treatment in the European Union: animal blood, apple pomace and brewers’ spent grain (BSG). In a direct comparison of possible treatment options, it is notable that the conversion to food ingredients (valorisation) does not always result in reduced environmental net impacts (GHG savings), which means that other options at lower levels of the waste hierarchy might be more beneficial to the environment. The further use of apple pomace or BSG for the production of food ingredients is only advantageous if the processing emissions are smaller than the emissions from the substituted products. The use of food side-flows as animal feed shows environmental advantages in all scenarios, as the use of conventional feed, such as soybean meal or hay, is reduced and so are the GHG emissions. The anaerobic digestion of food side-flows is associated with significant GHG emissions, but alternative energy also display a high GHG factor when based on fossil resources. The measuring of circularity in the food sector is a challenge in itself due to the complexity of renewable materials. This study shall help to understand the interwoven influences of certain parameters to the results. © 2020 The Author(s)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V. , 2020. Vol. 161, article id 104921
Keywords [en]
Allocation, Food waste, LCA, Substitution, Valorisation
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-45067DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2020.104921Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85085766033OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-45067DiVA, id: diva2:1451080
Note

Funding details: European Commission, EC; Funding details: Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, H2020, 641933; Funding text 1: The work is based on the EU project REFRESH (Resource Efficient Food and dRink for the Entire Supply chain) which was financially supported by the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme of the European Union under Grant Agreement no. 641933 which ran from July 2015 to June 2019. All partners within the REFRESH consortium providing their reviews in the course of the work are gratefully acknowledged.

Available from: 2020-07-02 Created: 2020-07-02 Last updated: 2023-05-23Bibliographically approved

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Östergren, Karin

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