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Human Impact on Safety of Shipping
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety. (Maritime Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8389-5611
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Humans, especially the crews have an important role in the safe operation of ships. The crews, given the right circumstances are able to safely maneuver, navigate, maintain and operate the vessel. The crews are dependent on many factors that enable this work, from the design of the vessel and work place, the procedures, processes given by the ship management and the business approach the ship owner applies to the vessel.

The traffic to and from Åland is an advanced transport system that enables safe ferry services in shipping fairways with narrow passages, meeting and crossing traffic as well as winter navigation - a shipping system combining people and technology to create safe transport.

The introduction of more automation requires a systems perspective and will not be a straight forward development. Total autonomy as proposed by some technology developers is often neglecting the functions and roles that humans have on maritime safety and the business case for increased automation neglects the full contribution of humans onboard. Total autonomy will therefore require high-end products that are built on standardized complex systems. Controlling and monitoring these systems will set new requirements on operators to uphold situated understanding in these complex systems.

Many aspects will be affected by increased automation towards smart shipping - regulations, organization, workplace, working methods, HMI, roles and skills. To cope with the foreseen changes it is important to develop further training, skills, experience, openness in the organization and familiarization giving the future crews the right pre-conditions to succeed in the future, as well as mindful design and integration of newly automated systems

In the future, the ISM code will likely have to change to improve the interaction between land organisations and crews in order to facilitate better integration of split responsibilities and split physical locations by the management system which in the long run allows for an increased land-based monitoring and control

of vessels’ systems and move certain tasks to shore to lower workload onboard, which should be one of the main drivers for automation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg, 2018. , p. 32
Keywords [en]
safety in shipping, human machine interface, automation, risk, hazid
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-37067OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-37067DiVA, id: diva2:1279588
Projects
Foresea
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, 2017/61982
Note

TRV 2017/61982 Swedish Transport Administration

SjöV 150620 Swedish Maritime Administration

Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-17 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved

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Huffmeier, Johannes

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