Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Lion Fire: Extinguishment and mitigation of fires in Li-ion batteries at sea
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3690-387x
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.
Show others and affiliations
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The shipping industry is facing increasing pressure to cut emissions. Diesel-electric hybrid or fully electrical propulsion systems can offer significant savings in fuel consumption and reduce emissions. However, the use of energy storage battery systems on board vessels is introducing new fire hazards and advice on suitable fire extinguishing systems and agents is desired. In a series of tests, both total compartment application water spray and water mist systems and direct injection (using several different agents) into the module were evaluated in fire tests conducted to compare different fire extinguishing approaches for a fire in a battery cell. A test compartment was constructed to simulate a battery room and a commercially available lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery cell was positioned inside a cubic box that mimicked a battery module. By heating the battery cell, combustible gases were generated, and these gases were ignited by a pilot flame inside the simulated battery module. The tests indicated that fire extinguishment of a battery cell fire inside a battery module is unlikely when using total compartment water spray or water mist fire protection systems. The water droplets are simply not able to penetrate the battery module and reach to the seat of the fire. Direct injection of the fire extinguishing agent inside the battery module is necessary. The tests also showed that agents such as water and low-expansion foam, with a high heat capacity, provide rapid cooling and fire extinguishment. The reduced water surface tension associated with low-expansion foam may improve the possibilities for water penetration whilst agents with a high viscosity may not be able to spread to the seat of the fire. Agents with less heat capacity, such as high-expansion foam and nitrogen gas, provide less cooling but fire extinguishment can still be achieved if designed correctly.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 49
Series
RISE Rapport ; 2018:77
Keywords [en]
lithium-ion batteries, ships, battery room, fire-fighting
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-36683ISBN: 978-91-88907-27-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-36683DiVA, id: diva2:1273584
Note

The Lion Fire @ Sea project was funded by the Swedish Maritime Administration (Sjöfartsverket) and RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.

Available from: 2018-12-21 Created: 2018-12-21 Last updated: 2018-12-21Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2422 kB)201 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2422 kBChecksum SHA-512
4e8f22466bef58375196a615fafc31ee4f4557c712335fab67848b71239d7e0c3bc233a132d1de20d837bcdd08c30ea0579538d30f4ed7d583d806e477f87945
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Authority records BETA

Andersson, PetraLarsson, Fredrik

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Andersson, PetraLarsson, Fredrik
By organisation
SafetyElectronics
Other Civil Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 201 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1406 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
v. 2.35.7