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Molecular interpretation of the mean bending constant for a thermodynamically open vesicle bilayer
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
2001 (Engelska)Ingår i: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 17, s. 7675-7686Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Expressions for the various molecular contributions to the mean bending constant kc of a thermodynamically open vesicle bilayer have been derived, from which kc may be calculated from an appropriate molecular-thermodynamic model as a function of the structure of the surfactants making up the aggregates as well as the solution state. It is demonstrated that kc determines the shape of a vesicle bilayer insofar as spherical vesicles form when kc is large and positive whereas nonspherical vesicles predominate at values of kc close to or below zero. It is found that contributions due to electrostatics and residual headgroup effects, which are present for one-component as well as mixed aggregates, mainly give rise to a positive value of kc whereas geometrical packing constraints are less important. However, the mixing of two or more surfactants can significantly reduce kc to values where nonspherical vesicles may begin to form. The magnitude of the reduction of kc due to mixing increases with increasing asymmetry with respect to headgroup cross-section area, charge number, and hydrocarbon tail volume between two surfactants in a binary surfactant mixture. The asymmetry is most pronounced for a binary mixture where the surfactant that carries the charge has the larger headgroup and the smaller tail. The reduction of kc due to mixing is, however, expected to be less than the corresponding effect for the bilayer bending constant of a spherical vesicle as a result of an additional positive contribution in the expression for the compositional contribution to kc

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2001. Vol. 17, s. 7675-7686
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Naturvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-27216OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-27216DiVA, id: diva2:1054220
Anmärkning
A1511Tillgänglig från: 2016-12-08 Skapad: 2016-12-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-29Bibliografiskt granskad

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