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Vertical integration of local fuel producers into rural DH systems: Climate impact and production costs
SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik. SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1662-9730
SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 78, s. 51-61Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Farmers can use their own agricultural biomass residues for heat production in small-scale systems, enabling synergies between the district heating (DH) sector and agriculture. The barriers to entry into the Swedish heat market were extremely high as long as heat distribution were considered natural monopoly, but were recently lowered due to the introduction of a regulated third party access (TPA) system in the DH sector. This study assesses the potential impact on greenhouse gas emissions and cost-based heat price in the DH sector when farmers vertically integrate into the heat supply chain and introduce more local and agricultural crops and residues into the fuel mix. Four scenarios with various degree of farmer integration, were assessed using life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology, and by analysis of the heat production costs. The results show that full integration of local farm and forest owners in the value chain can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and lower production costs/heat price, if there is an incentive to utilise local and agricultural fuels. The results imply that farmer participation in the DH sector should be encouraged by e.g. EU rural development programmes.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2015. Vol. 78, s. 51-61
Emneord [en]
Crop residues, District heating, Farmers' profitability, Forest residues, Greenhouse gas emissions
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-2388DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2014.11.037Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84921637370OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-2388DiVA, id: diva2:959977
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-09-07 Laget: 2016-09-07 Sist oppdatert: 2020-12-01bibliografisk kontrollert

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