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Interactions between local anaesthetic agents and poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) through phase behavior, surface tension, and adsorption measurements
RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3350-0242
RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
2001 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 233, s. 320-328Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

he interaction between the local anaesthetic agents prilocaine and lidocaine, on one hand, and poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) (pNIPAM), on the other, is investigated through studies of the polymer phase behavior and through surface tension and adsorption measurements. In particular, the cloud points (CP) for pNIPAM in the presence of lidocaine and prilocaine under different conditions were compared to the effects of electrolytes and alcohols. It was found that the electrolytes affect the CP of pNIPAM in a lyotropic manner, whereas alcohols depress the CP of pNIPAM in an alkyl chain length dependent way; i.e., the longer the chain, the larger the decrease in CP. Lidocaine and prilocaine affect the CP of pNIPAM in a pH-dependent manner. Below the p Ka of lidocaine and prilocaine, these cosolutes do not substantially affect the CP in the concentration range investigated, but rather behave analogous to simpler electrolytes. Above the p Ka, on the other hand, they strongly depress the CP already at low concentrations. In parallel, at low pH, the surface tension reduction due to lidocaine or prilocaine is marginal, whereas at high pH the surface tension is reduced considerably. Thus, the poor solubility of prilocaine and lidocaine at high pH causes these to become more surface active and simultaneously interact in a more pronounced way with pNIPAM. Furthermore, it was found from ellipsometry that an adsorbed pNIPAM layer contracts when lidocaine is added, presumably due to a lidocaine-pNIPAM interaction similar to that causing pNIPAM to phase separate. Analogous to this, it was demonstrated that an adsorbed pNIPAM layer shrinks and swells reversibly when the temperature is cycled above and beneath the CP.

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2001. Vol. 233, s. 320-328
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URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-26696OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-26696DiVA, id: diva2:1053699
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A1394

Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-12-08 Laget: 2016-12-08 Sist oppdatert: 2023-12-07bibliografisk kontrollert

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