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Fires in waste facilities: Challenges and solutions from a Scandinavian perspective
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0979-2369
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6758-6067
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
Lund University, Sweden.
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2021 (English)In: Fire safety journal, ISSN 0379-7112, E-ISSN 1873-7226, Vol. 120, article id 103023Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Fires in waste facilities represent significant potential social, economic and environmental challenges. Although the awareness of fires in waste facilities and their consequences has increased in recent years, significant fire safety challenges remain. Fires in waste facilities in Norway and Sweden have been studied to make an overall fire safety assessment and propose measures for increased fire safety. Common ignition causes include self-heating, thermal runaway in batteries, friction, human activity, technical or electrical error and unfavourable combined storage. High-risk wastes include general, residual waste, batteries, electrical and electronics waste, and paper and cardboard. Frequent fires in outdoor storage, increasing indoor storage and new types of waste appear to result in an increased reluctance by insurance companies to work with waste facilities. Measures are suggested for fire safe facility design, operations, waste handling and storage, as well as actions to limit the consequences for the environment and the facility during and after a fire. These actions may prevent fires and minimise the impact of fires that do occur. Increased fire safety at waste facilities may foster a better dialogue between the industry and insurance providers by reducing the potential economic impacts, and limit potential social costs and environmental impacts. © 2020 The Authors

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2021. Vol. 120, article id 103023
Keywords [en]
Battery, Environmental impact, Ignition, Industrial fires, Risk assessment, Self-heating, Waste, Accident prevention, Electric batteries, Insurance, Safe handling, Economic impacts, Electronics wastes, Environmental challenges, Fire safety assessment, Human activities, Insurance companies, Insurance providers, Thermal runaways, Fires
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-45100DOI: 10.1016/j.firesaf.2020.103023Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85085300872OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-45100DiVA, id: diva2:1447138
Note

Funding details: 701-121; Funding details: U 934, U 989; Funding details: Miljö¸direktoratet; Funding details: 294649; Funding text 1: For the Swedish studies, the funders The Swedish Fire Research Board (Brandforsk; grant 701-121 ) and The Swedish Waste Management Association (Avfall Sverige; grants U 934 and U 989 ) are gratefully acknowledged.; Funding text 2: The Norwegian study was funded by the Norwegian Directorate for Civil Protection , the Norwegian Environment Agency and the Norwegian Building Authority . Sissel Ranneklev at the Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA) is gratefully acknowledged for contributing to the survey of environmental impacts.; Funding text 3: The project has received funding from the FRIC Fire Research and Innovation Centre , Research Council of Norway project number 294649 .

Available from: 2020-06-25 Created: 2020-06-25 Last updated: 2023-06-07Bibliographically approved

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Fjellgaard Mikalsen, RagniLönnermark, AndersStoresund, Karolina

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