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Funktionsprovning av tätskiktsystem förvåtutrymmen 2019
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Building Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8705-2828
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Chemistry and Materials.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Chemistry and Materials.
2019 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Functional testing of waterproofing systems for use behind ceramic tiling based on flexible sheets 2019

Functional testing

The result is worse than before.

Six (32%) of the nineteen tested waterproofing systems passed the function test without leakage. Thirteen (68%) tests resulted in leakage.

This result is worse than that obtained in the previous project in 2016, (1) when eight (40%) of twenty tested waterproofing systems passed the functional test without leakage. There has therefore been some deterioration in the as constructed systems.

The result, however, is better than in the project performed in 2014 (2) when only three (15%) of twenty tested waterproofing systems passed without leakage.

In this project, several leakages are localised around the penetrations of large and small drainpipes. This is an increase compared to previous studies. We have seen on several occasions that pipe collars have had poor quality. This has been noticed by that the polymer material used for sealing around the tube has lost its water tightness ability during the test. It is most probable that the material has a residual deformation (from setting) that causes the material to lose its ability to seal around the tube. We have also noted that the pipe collars have delaminated i.e. the layers in the collars have been divided into their individual constituents during the test.

Leakages have also been caused by connections to gullies, inside corners, outside corners and in joints of foils.

Fortunately, none of the investigative systems showed leakage that was so extensive that one could describe it as total damage.

Water vapour resistance and mass per unit area

Thirteen tested waterproofing on flexible sheet systems show a result between 2,5 and 4,5 million s/m, which is a high or very-high water vapour resistance. Six flexible sheet systems have a result below 2,5 million s/m.

In the determination of water vapour resistance and mass per unit area, we can clearly see that some manufacturers have made changes in or replaced their flexible sheet with a new one, compared with the previous investigation (1).

We further note that 10 out of 14 flexible sheets have a lower water vapor resistance than in the previous investigation (1). It is also notable that the PVC sealing layer has a low water vapor resistance.

Indication of long-term properties

In order to obtain an indication of the amount added antioxidants that improves the long-term properties of the materials, the DSC analysis of flexible sheets have been performed. In the same way as in the previous project, 2016, (1) it seems that the flexible sheets to be more stabilized for long-term use compared to the previous study in 2014, (2). However, for all analysed materials, to make a reliable service life prediction of the material, an accelerated ageing at moderate temperature is recommended.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Borås, 2019. , p. 106
Series
RISE Rapport ; 2018:81
Keywords [en]
Functional test, waterproofing system, wet room
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-38168ISBN: 978-91-88907-35-6 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-38168DiVA, id: diva2:1294038
Available from: 2019-03-06 Created: 2019-03-06 Last updated: 2019-03-07Bibliographically approved

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Antonsson, Ulf

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