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Nilsson, K., Behaderovic, D., Ahlgren, S., Ziegler, F. & Wocken, Y. (2024). Branschgemensam metodik för att beräkna klimatavtryck för livsmedelsprodukter.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Branschgemensam metodik för att beräkna klimatavtryck för livsmedelsprodukter
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2024 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

På uppdrag av Livsmedelsföretagen, LI, och Svensk Dagligvaruhandel, SvDH, har RISE tagit fram en branschgemensam metodik för att beräkna klimatavtryck av livsmedels-produkter. Framtagen klimatberäkningsmetodik bygger på den underlagsrapport om metodik och standarder för beräkning av klimatavtryck på livsmedelsprodukter som RISE tog fram i uppdrag av Li och SvDH, våren 2023 (RISE, 2023). Metodiken gäller för klimatberäkning av • Producentspecifikt och produktrepresentativt klimatavtryck av livsmedel – i rapporten kallat Representativt klimatavtryck. • Generiska klimattal av livsmedel – i rapporten kallat Generiskt klimattal.

Publisher
p. 83
Series
RISE Rapport ; 2024:29
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-72375 (URN)978-91-89896-77-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2024-03-22 Created: 2024-03-22 Last updated: 2024-03-22Bibliographically approved
Ahlgren, S., Behaderovic, D., Edman, F., Wallman, M., Laurentz, M., Henryson, K., . . . Abrahamsson, S. (2024). Description of the Agrosfär model – a tool for the climate impact assessment of farms, crop and animal production systems in Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Description of the Agrosfär model – a tool for the climate impact assessment of farms, crop and animal production systems in Sweden
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2024 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The agricultural sector in Sweden needs to cut GHG emissions and contribute to the climate goal of net-zero emissions by 2045. The GHG reduction goal for agricultural emissions is not quantified, but the Swedish climate policy framework states that ‘Swedish food production shall increase as much as possible with as little climate impact as possible’. Multiple key actors within the sector of food and agriculture have developed roadmaps or industry specific goals for reducing GHG emissions from the sector. Consequently, requirements for transparent GHG accounting and reporting are increasing within the agricultural sector, both on a national and international level. The purpose of the Agrosfär tool is to establish an automatic data driven climate calculator used to calculate GHG emissions from agricultural products and on a farm enterprise level. Automation and automatic data collection will save time, increase the accuracy of the calculations, and simplify updates of the tool to keep it aligned with the most recent climate data and climate reporting methodology. It will make it possible to continuously carry out follow-ups on climate performance indicators and measure improvements from climate measures taken. A working group consisting of agricultural life cycle assessment experts has developed the framework of the tool (e.g., setting system boundaries, selecting methodologies and input data). A technical team has developed algorithms, a digital interface and coupled the tool to other existing agricultural databases, providing farm specific information on crop and animal production data, soil characteristics, carbon footprints and amounts of purchased inputs etc. The tool and user interface have been developed based on input from farmers through prototyping and in-depth interviews. The priority guidelines on which the calculation model is based are the Product Environmental Footprint Category Rules (PEFCR), the International Dairy Federation (IDF)’s approach for carbon footprint for the dairy sector, and FAO Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance guidelines (FAO LEAP). From the farm perspective, the Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG Protocol) Corporate Standard, GHG Protocol Agricultural Guidance (Scope 1 & 2) and GHG Protocol Corporate value chain (Scope 3) Accounting and Reporting Standard are guiding standards. Where standards have diverged or where assumptions have been required, the working group has made expert judgements on which method/guideline to follow or what assumptions to make. A first version of the tool, first described in report version 1, was developed as the basis for further development. The first version contains an animal and a crop module, and can calculate the carbon footprint of crops, milk and beef. This report (version 1.1) has been updated to include the most recent developments of the tool. The main change is that the tool can now also be used to calculate farm climate impact on a yearly basis. Future possibilities to develop the tool and calculation model are described in chapter 7, including suggestions for developing modules for more animal production types, deepening the integration between the crop and animal modules, expanding sources for automatic data collection, developing a carbon sequestration module, and other technical and methodological improvements to ensure alignment with important climate reporting standards. The report will be repeatedly updated as the tool develops, and new versions of the tool are released.

Series
RISE Rapport ; 2024:2
National Category
Agricultural Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-72007 (URN)978-91-89896-43-7 (ISBN)
Note

Agrosfär is an EIP-Agri financed project aimed at developing a software solution that cancalculate climate footprints on a detailed level within primary food production inSwedish Agriculture. This report describes an updated version of the climate calculationmodel used in the software solution, Agrosfär. Agrosfär is based on automaticallygenerated data from the Agronod platform, which retrieves data from the farm's varioussystems. To some extent, data needs to be supplemented to Agrosfär to carry out aclimate calculation; this data is added directly to the tool. The goal of Agrosfär is tocalculate the carbon footprint of the farm and its products over time, enable benchmarksbetween similar farms, and visualize where climate-reduction activities will have thehighest effect.The calculation model team consisted of specialists from Lantmännen,Hushållningssällskapet, Växa and RISE with support from a project manager and adata scientist who have worked with the first version of the model between November2021 and April 2022. The first model version was implemented in the Agrosfärsoftware and tested by farmers in 2022. The updated version was implemented in theAgrosfär software and tested by farmers in 2023. Agrosfär has developed and beendeployed to more users over time.Maria Berglund, Hushållningssällskapet Halland, has primary responsibility for thecalculation model related to animal husbandry and manure management.Martin Laurentz, Lantmännen, has primary responsibility for the calculation modelrelated to crop production.The LCA-methodology of the updated report has been internally reviewed by DaniraBehaderovic and Serina Ahlgren at RISE, and the animal model has been reviewed byMikaela Lindberg at SLU.The Agrosfär climate calculation model has gone through a third-party revision,performed by Andreas Asker and Martyna Mikusinska, LCA experts at Sweco.Agrosfär is a product of Agronod; owned by Växa, Lantmännen, LRF,Hushållningssällskapet, Arla and HKScan.

Available from: 2024-02-21 Created: 2024-02-21 Last updated: 2024-02-21Bibliographically approved
Ahlgren, S., Einarsson, R. & Öhlund, E. (2024). Växtnäring till jordbruket i osäkra tider – scenarier och dokumentation från en workshop. Uppsala: RISE Research Institutes of Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Växtnäring till jordbruket i osäkra tider – scenarier och dokumentation från en workshop
2024 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Mineralgödsel är en förutsättning för dagens konventionella jordbruk och utan mineralgödsel blir det problematiskt att få fram tillräckligt med foder och livsmedel. Sverige har ingen egen produktion av mineralgödsel och försörjningen är därför helt beroende av import. Denna rapport beskriver hur växtnäring hanteras ur beredskapssynpunkt i Sverige idag, och ger också en liten inblick i hur växtnäring har hanterats i tidigare kriser och pristoppar i andra länder. Rapporten beskriver också tre olika tänkbara krisscenarier där växtnäring behöver hanteras på olika sätt för att säkerställa livsmedelsförsörjningen i Sverige. Tidsperspektivet i scenarierna är relativt kort: ett fokuserar på hur växtnäringsförsörjningen kan lösas under den kommande växtodlingssäsongen medan de andra två scenarierna fokuserar på några år framåt i tiden. Scenarierna diskuterades på en workshop med deltagare från jordbruks- och växtnäringssektorn. I rapporten redovisas diskussionerna från workshopen. Under workshopen lyftes några brister i dagens system och förslag på vilket stöd och långsiktiga förändringar som behövs, för att säkra tillgången på växtnäring i Sverige under en kris: • I vardagen finns det ingen nationell eller regional planering av den svenska primärproduktionen och fördelningen av mineralgödsel eller andra insatsvaror till olika verksamheter, utan allt sköts av marknaden. Det finns därför ingen ansvarig offentlig aktör som har helhetsansvar för området. Vid en allvarlig brist på mineralgödsel kan det behövas någon som kliver in, säkrar leveranser och tar beslut om prioriteringar till olika verksamheter och eventuellt styrning av vem som odlar vad. Det kan även behövas någon som ansvarar för förebyggande arbete. • En trygg och resilient försörjning av växtnäring kommer att kräva en mångfald av lösningar. Dessa kräver i varierande grad samordning mellan marknadsaktörer och myndigheter. Vissa kan också kräva ny lagstiftning. Ett ”Gödselmedelskabinett” med ansvar att ta fram en strategi föreslogs. • Lagstiftning bör justeras alternativt införas för att utöka möjligheterna till miljö- och hälsomässigt säker återvinning av resurser från restflöden. Sådana ändringar skulle kunna förberedas redan nu, så att de snabbt kan träda i kraft i händelse av kris eller krig. • Sverige bör utveckla gemensamma strategier och avtal med andra länder, främst inom Norden, till exempel en nordisk strategi för växtnäringsfrågor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, 2024. p. 36
Series
RISE Rapport ; 2024:15
Keywords
Beredskap, jordbruk, livsmedel, växtnäring, handelsgödsel, mineralgödsel, konstgödsel, scenarier, kris
National Category
Agricultural Science, Forestry and Fisheries Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-72092 (URN)978-91-89896-60-4 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2022-02392
Note

Denna rapport är en produkt från ett projekt med titeln ”Produktion och tillförsel av inhemsk och hållbar växtnäring för livsmedelstrygghet i osäkra tider” finansierat av Formas med projektnr 2022-02392.

Available from: 2024-02-29 Created: 2024-02-29 Last updated: 2024-02-29Bibliographically approved
Ahlgren, S., Morell, K., Lundmark, V. & Landquist, B. (2023). Biodiversitetsdatabas för livsmedel v1.0: metodrapport.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biodiversitetsdatabas för livsmedel v1.0: metodrapport
2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 34
Series
RISE Rapport ; 2023:112
Keywords
Biodiversitet, biologisk mångfald, livsmedel, databas, LCA, livscykelanalys
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-67754 (URN)978-91-89821-97-2 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2021-02433
Note

Denna rapport beskriver hur en databas för olika livsmedels påverkan på biologisk mångfald har byggts upp – vilka metoder som använts, antaganden som gjorts och vilka dataunderlag som ingår. Projektet har finansierats av forskningsrådet Formas, genom utlysningen ”Från forskning till tillämpning för ett hållbart samhälle 2021” med diarienummer 2021-02433. 

Available from: 2023-11-15 Created: 2023-11-15 Last updated: 2023-12-12Bibliographically approved
Röös, E., Wood, A., Säll, S., Abu Hatab, A., Ahlgren, S., Hallström, E., . . . Hansson, H. (2023). Diagnostic, regenerative or fossil-free - exploring stakeholder perceptions of Swedish food system sustainability. Ecological Economics, 203, Article ID 107623.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diagnostic, regenerative or fossil-free - exploring stakeholder perceptions of Swedish food system sustainability
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2023 (English)In: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106, Vol. 203, article id 107623Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In an analysis of food system sustainability challenges and solutions among Swedish food system actors using Q-methodology, five perspectives were identified. One of the main three perspectives placed the highest priority on reduced meat consumption, food waste, and climate impact in agriculture, but downplayed strategies highlighted in the national food strategy and social aspects, and can be interpreted as a diagnostic climate mitigation-oriented perspective that does not reflect current negotiated policy processes or ‘softer’ values of food. In an alternative regenerative perspective, industrialized large-scale farming and lack of internalization of external costs were regarded as the main problems, and diversity, soil health, and organic farming as the main solutions. Proponents of a third perspective regarded phasing out fossil fuels, increased profitability of companies, increased meat production, and self-sufficiency as high priorities. These contrasting views can be a major barrier to transforming the Swedish food system. However, a number of entry points for change (i.e. aspects highly important for some and neutral for others) were identified, including focusing on healthy diets and increased production of fruit and vegetables. Focusing on these can build trust among stakeholders before moving to discussions about the larger and more sensitive systemic changes needed. © 2022 The Authors

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2023
Keywords
Agriculture, Change agents, Climate change, Food production, Stakeholders, alternative agriculture, climate effect, organic farming, perception, stakeholder, sustainability, Sweden
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-61193 (URN)10.1016/j.ecolecon.2022.107623 (DOI)2-s2.0-85139395870 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding details: DIA 2018/24 #8; Funding details: Stiftelsen för Miljöstrategisk Forskning; Funding details: Svenska Forskningsrådet Formas, 2019-01579; Funding text 1: The study was part of Mistra Food Futures ( DIA 2018/24 #8 ), a research program funded by Mistra (The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research). All authors were funded by this program except A. Wood, who was supported by funding from Formas (grant number 2019-01579 ). All funding is gratefully acknowledged. Our thanks also go to all stakeholders who participated in workshops and in the sorting exercise.

Available from: 2022-12-06 Created: 2022-12-06 Last updated: 2024-04-10Bibliographically approved
Edman, F., Ahlgren, S. & Landquist, B. (2023). Kött- och slaktutbyte – data och metoder vid beräkningar av miljöpåverkan.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kött- och slaktutbyte – data och metoder vid beräkningar av miljöpåverkan
2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Köttets miljöpåverkan är välstuderad och det finns många publicerade studier baserade på livscykelanalyser (LCA) för olika köttslag. Resultat från LCA-studier uttrycks som miljöpåverkan per kg kött, oftast per kg benfritt kött. En viktig faktor som påverkar det slutliga resultatet vid beräkning av miljöpåverkan från kött är utbytet vid slakteriet, dvs. hur mycket av djuret som blir till produkter till vilka miljöpåverkan ska fördelas. Ett lågt utbyte leder till en högre miljöpåverkan per kg slutlig produkt. Vad och hur mycket som används från djuret påverkas av många olika faktorer, bland annat av efterfrågan på ätbara biprodukter till livsmedel. Små ändringar i utbyte kan få stor påverkan på de olika produkternas miljöpåverkan eftersom all miljöpåverkan från djurets uppfödning fördelas med avseende på slakt-/köttutbytet. I LCA:er som kvantifierar miljöpåverkan av kött är det därför viktigt att förstå hur resultatet påverkas av vilken allokeringsmetod som använts i analysen. Syftet med denna studie är att • sammanställa tillgängliga data för slakt-/köttutbyte för gris och får/lamm, • sammanställa hur miljöpåverkan från djurets uppfödning och slakt bör allokeras enligt olika LCA standarder, • ge övergripande rekommendationer för hur miljöpåverkan från djurets uppfödning och slakt bör allokeras i LCA-studier, samt • identifiera de områden där det saknas koncensus gällande metodik eller där det behövs mer forskning. Resultatet av denna studie visar att val av omvandlingsfaktorer, allokeringsmetod och allokeringsfaktorer påverkar resultatet vid beräkningar av produkternas miljöpåverkan. Med omvandlingsfaktor avses den faktor som möjliggör omräkning mellan levande vikt, slaktkroppsvikt och benfritt kött. Allokeringsmetod anger på vilket sätt fördelning av miljöpåverkan ska ske till olika produkter. Till exempel kan klimatavtrycket för ett kg benfritt griskött variera mellan 3,3 och 4,4 kg koldioxidekvivalenter (CO2-ekv.) beroende på de omvandlingsfaktorer som använts i sammanställd litteratur. På motsvarande sätt varierar klimatavtrycket mellan 1,9 och 3,7 kg CO2-ekv./kg produkt beroende på val av allokeringsmetod. Klimatavtrycket av ett kg benfritt får-/lammkött visade en variation mellan 21 och 34 kg CO2-ekv. per kg produkt beroende på val av allokeringsmetod. Konsumenter visar ett ökat intresse för att göra medvetna och hållbara matval där miljöpåverkan är en viktig faktor. Information om miljöpåverkan från en livsmedelsprodukt kan påverka konsumentens val av mat och därmed påverka framtida efterfrågan av vissa livsmedel, vilket i sin tur även påverkar livsmedelsproduktionen. Då allt eller så mycket som möjligt tas till vara av djuret blir miljöpåverkan per kg produkt från djurkroppen lägre. Val av allokeringsmetod kan därför indirekt ha en inverkan på både livsmedelskonsumtionen och -produktionen. Det är därför viktigt med konsensus inom branschen med avseende på metodval och transparens i miljöpåverkansberäkningar av produkter från djur. Det dataunderlag som finns tillgängligt från svenska slakterier gällande kött- och slaktutbyte från gris har använts för att dra slutsatser gällande fysisk allokering (massallokering) i denna studie. Informationen kommer framför allt från Jordbruksverkets rapporter om förluster i livsmedelskedjan. Motsvarande information gällande slakt av svenska får och lamm är däremot begränsad. Detta innebär att det saknas ett tillräckligt omfattande underlag för att ge rekommendationer för fysisk allokering i form av massallokering för får och lamm. Enligt gängse metodik allokeras vanligtvis miljöpåverkan från djuret till det som anses vara en resurs eller produkt, både för gris och får/lamm. I ett par studier av grisproduktion allokeras hela miljöpåverkan till grisköttet, medan ekonomisk allokering mellan till exempel kött och hudar/skinn används i större utsträckning i får-/lammproduktion. Slaktavfall och gödsel från produktionen ses som avfall, vilket i metodiken idag varken belastar eller krediterar köttsystemet. Det finns potential att nyttja fraktionerna, och i vissa fall nyttjas de redan, till energiproduktion eller gödselmedel. På sikt, när det cirkulära i produktionssystemen blir allt viktigare, kan det därför vara intressant att undersöka hur allokering av miljöpåverkan till samtliga produkter från djuret påverkar köttets miljöpåverkan.

Publisher
p. 32
Series
RISE Rapport ; 2023:38
Keywords
Köttutbyte, slaktutbyte, miljöpåverkan, grisproduktion, lammproduktion, fårproduktion.
National Category
Agricultural Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-65512 (URN)978-91-89757-84-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-06-13 Created: 2023-06-13 Last updated: 2023-12-19Bibliographically approved
Ahlgren, S., Behaderovic, D., Wirsenius, S., Carlsson, A., Hessle, A., Toräng, P., . . . Kvarnbäck, O. (2023). Miljöpåverkan av svensk nöt- och lammköttsproduktion - en sammanfattning. Uppsala
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Miljöpåverkan av svensk nöt- och lammköttsproduktion - en sammanfattning
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2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: , 2023. p. 10
Series
RISE Rapport ; 2023:13
Keywords
Nötkött, lammkött, livscykelanalys, klimat, biologisk mångfald
National Category
Agricultural Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-63777 (URN)978-91-89757-56-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-02-01 Created: 2023-02-01 Last updated: 2023-10-30Bibliographically approved
Ahlgren, S., Behaderovic, D., Edman, F., Wallman, M., Berglund, M., Laurentz, M., . . . Karlsson, A. (2022). Description of the Agrosfär model – a tool for climate impact assessment of crop and animal production systems in Sweden: Version 1: Crops, milk and beef.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Description of the Agrosfär model – a tool for climate impact assessment of crop and animal production systems in Sweden: Version 1: Crops, milk and beef
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2022 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The agricultural sector in Sweden needs to cut GHG emissions and contribute to the climate goal of net-zero emissions by 2045. The GHG reduction goal for agricultural emissions is not quantified, but the Swedish climate policy framework states that ‘the Swedish food production shall increase as much as possible with as little climate impact as possible’ and multiple key actors within the sector of food and agriculture have developed roadmaps or industry specific goals for reducing GHG emissions from the sector. Consequently, requirements of transparent GHG accounting and reporting are increasing within the agricultural sector, both at national and international level. The purpose of the Agrosfär tool is to establish an automatic data driven climate calculator used to calculate GHG emissions from agricultural products and on farm enterprise level. The automation and automatic data collection will save time, increase accuracy of the calculations, and simplify updates of the tool to keep it aligned with the most recent climate data and climate reporting methodology. It will make it possible to continuously carry out follow-ups on climate performance indicators and measure improvements from climate measures taken. A working group consisting of Swedish agricultural life cycle assessment experts have developed the framework of the tool, e.g. setting system boundaries, selecting methodologies and input data. A technical team has developed algorithms, a digital interface and coupled the tool to other existing agricultural databases providing farm specific information on crop and animal production data, soil characteristics, carbon footprints and amounts of purchased inputs etc. The tool and user interface have been developed based on input from farmers through prototyping and in-depth interviews. For general guidelines on methodology the calculation model follows the Product Environmental Footprint Category Rules (PEFCR), the International Dairy Federation (IDF)’s approach for carbon footprint for the dairy sector and FAO Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance guidelines (FAO LEAP). Where standards have diverged or where assumptions have been required the working group has made expert judgements on which method/guideline to follow or what assumptions to make. A first version of the tool, a so called minimal viable product (MVP) has been developed which will be the basis for further development. The MVP contains an animal and crop module and can calculate the carbon footprint of crops, milk and beef. Future development possibilities of the tool and calculation model is described in chapter 7, such as enabling climate calculations on enterprise level, develop modules for more animal production types, deepen the integration between the crop and animal modules, expand sources for automatic data collection, develop a carbon sequestration module and other technical and methodological improvements to ensure alignment with important climate reporting standards. The report will be repeatedly updated as the tool develops, and new versions of the tool are released.

Publisher
p. 76
Series
RISE Rapport ; 2022:77
National Category
Other Agricultural Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-59361 (URN)978-91-89711-17-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-06-22 Created: 2022-06-22 Last updated: 2023-12-19Bibliographically approved
Hallström, E., Davis, J., Håkansson, N., Ahlgren, S., Åkesson, A., Wolk, A. & Sonesson, U. (2022). Dietary environmental impacts relative to planetary boundaries for six environmental indicators – A population-based study. Journal of Cleaner Production, 373, Article ID 133949.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dietary environmental impacts relative to planetary boundaries for six environmental indicators – A population-based study
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2022 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 373, article id 133949Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The environmental impact of Swedish diets was assessed for six indicators (greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions, cropland use, nitrogen application, phosphorus application, consumptive water use and extinction rate), using self-reported food intake within two population-based cohorts of men and women, 56–96 years of age. The dietary environmental impact was assessed in relation to per capita planetary boundaries, overall and by population subgroups, addressing the relative importance of specific foods and food groups. The total average dietary impact exceeded the planetary boundaries by 1.6 to 4-fold for five of the six environmental indicators; consumptive water use did not exceed the boundaries. Comparing the highest with lowest quintiles of the population impact showed >2.5-fold differences across all environmental indicators. Of the diet's total average environmental impact, animal-based, plant-based and discretionary foods accounted for 28–83%, 8–40% and 9–37%, respectively, across the six indicators. Animal-based foods dominated the impact on GHG emissions, cropland use and nitrogen and phosphorus application, while plant-based and discretionary foods contributed more to consumptive water use and extinction rate. Environmental impact was driven predominantly by consumption of red meat, dairy, fresh fruit and coffee. The findings show major challenges in affluent countries that have to be addressed to achieving sustainable food production systems and diets. They provide guidance on critical food groups, environmental indicators and population subgroups to prioritize in future efforts to reduce the environmental impact. © 2022 The Authors

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2022
Keywords
Dietary intake, Environmental impact, Genders, Life cycle assessment, Planetary boundaries, Uncertainty, Animals, Gas emissions, Greenhouse gases, Nitrogen, Nutrition, Phosphorus, Dietary intakes, Environmental indicators, Extinction rates, Gender, Greenhouse gas emissions, Planetary boundary, Use rate, Water use, Life cycle
National Category
Renewable Bioenergy Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-60150 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.133949 (DOI)2-s2.0-85137173183 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding details: Svenska Forskningsrådet Formas, 2016-00308; Funding details: Vetenskapsrådet, VR, 2017-00644; Funding details: Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, SLU; Funding text 1: The authors want to acknowledge Emma Moberg at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences for providing LCA data on specific foods. Petra Forsblad at RISE is acknowledged for the assistance in graphical illustration. This work was supported by FORMAS: The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (grant number 2016-00308 ), whose support is greatly acknowledged. We recognize the National Research Infrastructure SIMPLER supported by the Swedish Research Council (grant number 2017-00644 ) for the use of databases from the Swedish Mammography Cohort and the Cohort of Swedish Men.; Funding text 2: The authors want to acknowledge Emma Moberg at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences for providing LCA data on specific foods. Petra Forsblad at RISE is acknowledged for the assistance in graphical illustration. This work was supported by FORMAS: The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (grant number 2016-00308), whose support is greatly acknowledged. We recognize the National Research Infrastructure SIMPLER supported by the Swedish Research Council (grant number 2017-00644) for the use of databases from the Swedish Mammography Cohort and the Cohort of Swedish Men.

Available from: 2022-09-29 Created: 2022-09-29 Last updated: 2023-06-08Bibliographically approved
Ahlgren, S., Morell, K. & Hallström, E. (2022). Mapping of biodiversity impacts and hotspot products in Nordic food consumption.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mapping of biodiversity impacts and hotspot products in Nordic food consumption
2022 (English)Report (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Kartläggning av den nordiska livsmedelskonsumtionens påverkan på biologisk mångfald
Abstract [en]

The climate impact of food production has been lively debated over the last decades. It is e.g. well known that some products have a higher climate impact in comparison to other food products. The biodiversity impact of different food products is however less known. To steer the food production in a positive direction as well as to enable consumers, restaurants, public kitchens, and the food industry to make well-informed decisions, we need to address and measure this impact. The aim of this study has been to examine the biodiversity impact of Nordic and European food consumption. In this report we present (1) a brief summary of biodiversity indicators linked to food production and consumption, (2) different methods to evaluate biodiversity impact of food products and (3) a literature review of studies that assess biodiversity impacts of food products and diets. Based on the literature review, we identify food products suggested to have a higher respectively lower negative impact on biodiversity and discuss what changes that could promote a Nordic diet with lower negative impact on biodiversity. Finally, we highlight knowledge gaps and possibilities for future work. There are different methods to examine the biodiversity impact on food products, such as life cycle assessment, input-output-model, and mapping tools. Biodiversity footprints are often based on the land use (area and intensity) in combination with parameters linked to where the production takes place and thus what biodiversity values can be affected. The consumed amount of food is also often considered – a product with a low impact per kg can get a high impact when consumed to a high degree and vice versa. Our literature review shows a variety of food products with high negative biodiversity impact. Particularly, products that are known drivers of deforestation in tropical regions, such as palm oil, coffee, and cacao – as well as meat and/or animal products that have been fed with soybeans derived from tropical regions have a high negative impact on biodiversity. On the other hand, consumption of foods as vegetables, starchy roots, and pulses – ideally with domestic origin – are examples of foods indicated to have lower biodiversity impact which would be beneficial to eat more of in the Nordic diet. There are also examples of agricultural systems where human interference is crucial for maintaining a high level of biodiversity, for example keeping grazing animals on high-naturevalue-grasslands. If these lands are abandoned or planted with forest, numerous of species will be extinct. Thus, meat linked to these grasslands can also support biodiversity, especially in the Nordic countries where there are relatively many of these landscapes left (in comparison to the rest of Europe). As the studies reviewed varied in their scope, methods, and results, they are difficult to compare. More research is needed to confirm our conclusions. Furthermore, none of the methods are flawless and there are obvious difficulties with finding a transferable and scalable unit – like CO2-equivalents – since biodiversity impacts are highly dynamic and sitespecific. Additionally, most of the reviewed studies do not consider transformation of natural areas driven by food production, e.g., deforestation, and may therefore be underestimating the impacts. In future studies, the reference systems may also be discussed and further developed, and more taxonomic groups (e.g., arthropods such as insects) should preferably be included.

Publisher
p. 40
Series
RISE Rapport ; 2022:25
Keywords
Biodiversity ; Impact assessment ; Food consumption ; Diets
National Category
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-59111 (URN)978-91-89561-42-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-04-20 Created: 2022-04-20 Last updated: 2023-06-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0086-8059

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