Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Publications (10 of 14) Show all publications
Mangold, M., Bohman, H., Johansson, T. & von Platten, J. (2023). Increased rent misspent?: How ownership matters for renovation and rent increases in rental housing in Sweden. International journal of housing policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Increased rent misspent?: How ownership matters for renovation and rent increases in rental housing in Sweden
2023 (English)In: International journal of housing policy, ISSN 1949-1247, E-ISSN 1949-1255Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Renovations of the housing rental stock have become a political concern since they have been claimed to drive gentrification and affect tenants’ everyday lives as well as long-term housing conditions. Furthermore, new actors have entered the market, partly as a result of high supply on the international capital markets creating a flow of capital into market segments. This has led to a critique of private equity in the housing sector, and raised the question of the extent to which ownership of the rental stock matters for housing affordability. Yet there seems to be little systematic research on this topic. This study uses a unique dataset covering the entire rental housing stock in Sweden to address whether there are differences in renovation investments between different ownership groups. The purpose of this article is to increase understanding of how ownership affects renovation processes, and specifically to analyse to what extent, and how, private and public actors differ in renovation and rent setting decisions. Our results demonstrate that public housing companies raised rents less and renovated more, particularly in the lower-income segments of the multi-family building stock between 2014 and 2020. © 2023 The Author(s). 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
affordable housing, Commercialisation, financialisation, ownership, renovation, rents
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-65969 (URN)10.1080/19491247.2023.2232205 (DOI)2-s2.0-85166927309 (Scopus ID)
Note

 Correspondence Address: M. Mangold; Division of Built Environment, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Gothenburg, Sweden; email: mikael.mangold@ri.se.  This work was conducted with the financial support of the Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas) (grant number 2017-01546) within the project National Building-Specific Information (NBI).

Available from: 2023-08-22 Created: 2023-08-22 Last updated: 2024-02-14Bibliographically approved
Mjörnell, K., von Platten, J. & Björklund, K. (2022). Balancing Social and Economic Sustainability in Renovation with an Affordable Option for Tenants?: A Pilot Study from Sweden. Sustainability, 14(7), Article ID 3785.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Balancing Social and Economic Sustainability in Renovation with an Affordable Option for Tenants?: A Pilot Study from Sweden
2022 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, no 7, article id 3785Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A public housing company has applied a new renovation strategy, comprising no standards raising and thus rent-raising measures, in 20% of its apartments. Prior to renovation, the tenants were given the opportunity to choose renovation options involving different standards and costs after renovation. The purpose of the study is to follow up and give feedback on the renovation strategy. The aim was to evaluate implementation of the strategy in practice using a case study, in terms of the tenants’ opportunity to influence and the housing company’s profitability. To follow up, two methods were used: a survey of the tenants’ perception of choosing renovation options, and a financial assessment of the profitability based on the renovation cost and rent increase for different choice scenarios. The results from the survey show that the tenants appreciate being able to choose between different renovation options as it gives them the opportunity to decide on their housing costs and standard. With more than half of the tenants choosing the maintenance option involving a very low rent increase, the dividend yield will not be high enough to make the renovation profitable, but if only 20% had chosen the maintenance option, the dividend yield would be more feasible in the long run.

Keywords
renovation strategy, rent increases, tenant influence, dividend yield
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-58836 (URN)10.3390/su14073785 (DOI)
Available from: 2022-03-23 Created: 2022-03-23 Last updated: 2023-05-25Bibliographically approved
von Platten, J., Mangold, M., Johansson, T. & Mjörnell, K. (2022). Energy efficiency at what cost?: Unjust burden-sharing of rent increases in extensive energy retrofitting projects in Sweden. Energy Research & Social Science, 92, Article ID 102791.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy efficiency at what cost?: Unjust burden-sharing of rent increases in extensive energy retrofitting projects in Sweden
2022 (English)In: Energy Research & Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, E-ISSN 2214-6326, Vol. 92, article id 102791Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although renovation costs can lead to rent increases in energy retrofitting, it is often assumed that reductions in energy costs will counterbalance the rent increase. In Swedish multifamily housing, energy costs for heating are however generally included as a fixed component in the monthly rent, meaning that the rent increase after energy retrofitting corresponds to the net change in rent level as well as energy costs for heating. This makes Sweden a methodologically advantageous setting for studying tenants' cost burden of energy retrofitting. The aim of this study was thus to investigate how energy performance improvement has affected rent increases in Swedish renovation projects between 2013 and 2019. Utilising a national database of multifamily housing, it was found that energy retrofitting entailed a cost relief for tenants in renovation projects with smaller investments. However, in renovation projects with larger investments, energy retrofitting entailed a cost burden for tenants. Moreover, public housing companies had conducted a high share of the extensive energy retrofits, leading to low-income tenant groups being disproportionately subjected to cost burdens of energy retrofitting. On the contrary, light energy retrofits with a cost relief for energy efficiency had been rather evenly distributed across income groups. These results indicate ongoing conflicts with the ability-to-pay principle in the energy transition of Swedish multifamily housing, and suggest that if low-investment energy retrofits are not sufficient for upcoming objectives and requirements, subsidies could be needed to compensate low-income tenants for the cost burden of extensive energy retrofitting. © 2022 The Author(s)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2022
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-60152 (URN)10.1016/j.erss.2022.102791 (DOI)2-s2.0-85137010833 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding details: Svenska Forskningsrådet Formas, 2017-01449; Funding text 1: The authors would like to thank the Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning for their collaboration around this research. This work was supported by The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas) [grant number 2017-01449] within the project National Building-Specific Information (NBI). The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.; Funding text 2: The authors would like to thank the Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning for their collaboration around this research. This work was supported by The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas) [grant number 2017-01449 ] within the project National Building-Specific Information (NBI). The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Available from: 2022-09-29 Created: 2022-09-29 Last updated: 2024-02-14Bibliographically approved
von Platten, J. (2022). Energy poverty in Sweden: Using flexibility capital to describe household vulnerability to rising energy prices. Energy Research & Social Science, 91, Article ID 102746.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy poverty in Sweden: Using flexibility capital to describe household vulnerability to rising energy prices
2022 (English)In: Energy Research & Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, E-ISSN 2214-6326, Vol. 91, article id 102746Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Energy poverty has been kept at bay in Sweden for the past decades owing to several beneficial circumstances. However, geopolitical pressure and an accelerating energy transition are changing the circumstances and exposing vulnerabilities to energy poverty in Sweden particularly connected to electricity price peaks. The circumstantial nature of the exposed risks for energy poverty motivates a conceptualisation of the concept in Sweden through the energy vulnerability framework. Also recognising that flexibility is an important ability to be able to dodge short-term price peaks, this paper combines the energy vulnerability literature with the concept of flexibility capital. Using national survey data from 2021, this study seeks to explore vulnerability to heating-related energy poverty in Swedish single-family housing by analysing factors influencing households' self-perceived ability to pay for heating as well as their self-perceived flexibility capital. Logistic regression models revealed that there are geographic as well as sociodemographic factors influencing the energy vulnerability experienced by Swedish households. Extending the understanding of energy poverty vulnerability beyond mere heating affordability provides a more nuanced understanding of the different types of risks that may emerge among households; for example, low affordability combined with low flexibility capital increases the risk for financial effects of energy poverty, whereas low affordability combined with high flexibility capital increases the risk for energy poverty affecting comfort, convenience and wellbeing. By integrating energy vulnerability with flexibility capital, this paper contributes to a more holistic understanding of challenges connected to a transitioning energy system in general and in the Swedish context in particular. © 2022 The Author

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2022
Keywords
Energy poverty, Energy prices, Energy vulnerability, Flexibility capital
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-59824 (URN)10.1016/j.erss.2022.102746 (DOI)2-s2.0-85134483113 (Scopus ID)
Note

 Funding details: Svenska Forskningsrådet Formas, 2017-01449; Funding text 1: The author would like to thank the people involved from the SOM Institute for a fruitful collaboration as well as Mikael Mangold and Kristina Mjörnell for their support and valuable input. This work was supported by The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas) [grant number 2017-01449 ] within the project National Building-Specific Information (NBI). The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.; Funding text 2: The author would like to thank the people involved from the SOM Institute for a fruitful collaboration as well as Mikael Mangold and Kristina Mjörnell for their support and valuable input. This work was supported by The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas) [grant number 2017-01449] within the project National Building-Specific Information (NBI). The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Available from: 2022-08-04 Created: 2022-08-04 Last updated: 2023-05-22Bibliographically approved
Abdul Hamid, A., von Platten, J., Mjörnell, K., Johansson, D. & Bagge, H. (2021). Determining the Impact of High Residential Density on Indoor Environment, Energy Use, and Moisture Loads in Swedish Apartments-and Measures for Mitigation. Sustainability, 13(10), Article ID 5446.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Determining the Impact of High Residential Density on Indoor Environment, Energy Use, and Moisture Loads in Swedish Apartments-and Measures for Mitigation
Show others...
2021 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 10, article id 5446Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recently, there has been an increase in apartments with a large number of inhabitants, i.e., high residential density. This is partly due to a housing shortage in general but also increased migration, particularly in suburbs of major cities. This paper specifies issues that might be caused by high residential density by investigating the technical parameters influenced in Swedish apartments that are likely to have high residential density. Interviews with 11 employees at housing companies were conducted to identify issues that might be caused by high residential density. Furthermore, simulations were conducted based on extreme conditions described in the interviews to determine the impact on the energy use, indoor environmental quality, and moisture loads. In addition, the impact of measures to mitigate the identified issues was determined. Measures such as demand-controlled ventilation, increase of a constant ventilation rate, and moisture buffering are shown to reduce the risk for thermal discomfort, mold growth, and diminished indoor air quality; while still achieving a lower energy use than in a normally occupied apartment. The results of this study can be used by authorities to formulate incentives and/or recommendations for housing owners to implement measures to ensure good indoor environmental quality for all, irrespective of residential density conditions.

Keywords
family size, residential density, energy use, moisture loads, indoor environmental quality, mitigating measures
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-53117 (URN)10.3390/su13105446 (DOI)
Available from: 2021-05-19 Created: 2021-05-19 Last updated: 2023-05-25Bibliographically approved
von Platten, J. (2021). Energy Poverty in Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy Poverty in Sweden
2021 (English)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 10
Series
EP-pedia Website on Energy Poverty
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-57516 (URN)
Available from: 2022-01-03 Created: 2022-01-03 Last updated: 2023-05-22Bibliographically approved
von Platten, J., de Fine Licht, K., Mangold, M. & Mjörnell, K. (2021). Renovating on unequal premises: A normative framework for a just renovation wave in swedish multifamily housing. Energies, 14(19), Article ID 6054.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Renovating on unequal premises: A normative framework for a just renovation wave in swedish multifamily housing
2021 (English)In: Energies, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 14, no 19, article id 6054Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While the energy transition of the EU housing stock is now being intensified with the launch of the Renovation Wave, economic inequalities are increasing in many OECD countries, which has effects on housing-related inequalities and the demand of affordable housing. The Renovation Wave is thus an opportunity to improve housing quality for low-income households, but also entails risks for increased rents. In Sweden, the standard of housing is relatively high and energy poverty in multifamily housing is rare, meaning that there are limited social benefits to be achieved from extensive energy retrofitting; moreover, Sweden lacks a social housing sector, which limits protection of the worst-off residents. This paper thus explores whether the limited social benefits of the Renovation Wave weigh up against the risks that it entails for the worst-off in the Swedish context. This is done within a normative framework for just energy transitioning that is developed within the context of the Renovation Wave and increasing economic inequalities, consisting of four ordered principles: (1) The equal treatment principle; (2) The priority principle; (3) The efficiency principle; and (4) The principle of procedural fairness. Analysis showed that to be considered just according to our framework, the Swedish energy transition of housing should, in contradistinction to what is suggested in the Renovation Wave, limit the imposition of extensive energy retrofitting in low-income areas. Finally, having identified a mismatch between the most effective approaches in terms of energy savings and the most acceptable approaches in terms of social justice, we offer policy recommendations on how to bridge this mismatch in a Swedish context. © 2021 by the authors. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2021
Keywords
Affordable housing, Energy justice, Energy transition, Framework for just energy transitioning, Renovation Wave, Social justice, Economic and social effects, Energy conservation, Retrofitting, Economic inequality, Energy, Energy justices, Energy transitions, Multi-family housings, Swedishs, Housing
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-56925 (URN)10.3390/en14196054 (DOI)2-s2.0-85115682348 (Scopus ID)
Note

 Funding details: Svenska Forskningsrådet Formas, 2017-01449; Funding text 1: Funding: This work was funded by The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas), grant number 2017-01449, within the project National Building-Specific Information (NBI).

Available from: 2021-11-23 Created: 2021-11-23 Last updated: 2023-08-28Bibliographically approved
von Platten, J., Mangold, M. & Mjörnell, K. (2021). The effect of weighting factors on income-related energy inequalities: The case of Sweden's new building code. In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series. Volume 2069, Issue 1: . Paper presented at 8th International Building Physics Conference, IBPC 2021, 25 August 2021 through 27 August 2021. IOP Publishing Ltd, 2069(1), Article ID 1.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The effect of weighting factors on income-related energy inequalities: The case of Sweden's new building code
2021 (English)In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series. Volume 2069, Issue 1, IOP Publishing Ltd , 2021, Vol. 2069, no 1, article id 1Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

To ensure building construction with low heating demand, efficient use of sustainable energy carriers, and neutrality between heating technologies, Sweden recently introduced weighting factors (WFs) for different energy carriers which are now used in Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs). As EPC ratings are gaining increased influence in Swedish energy policy and regulation, with recent examples of buildings' EPC rating acting as base for imperative regulatory requirements, the introduction of WFs is likely to have significant effects on how policy and regulations are distributed in the multifamily building stock. As residents often are directly or indirectly affected by policy that either impose or trigger measures to be undertaken in their building, the aim of this paper is to analyse how WFs affect the assessed energy performance of buildings in different resident income groups. The results show that overall, reduced energy performance from WFs was more common in high-income areas than in low-income areas. However, although the total number of buildings in the lowest EPC ratings was reduced after introducing WFs, the resulting income distribution among worst-performing buildings was more skewed towards low-income households than before introducing WFs. As imperative regulatory requirements previously have targeted worst-performing buildings, these results indicate that energy-related inequalities in the housing stock have become more prominent and should be considered as to not disproportionately burden low-income residents in the energy transition of the housing stock.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOP Publishing Ltd, 2021
Keywords
Building codes, Heating, Housing, Building construction, Energy, Energy carriers, Energy performance, Heating demand, Heating technology, Housing stock, Low incomes, Regulatory requirements, Weighting factors, Energy efficiency
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-57502 (URN)10.1088/1742-6596/2069/1/012102 (DOI)2-s2.0-85121424649 (Scopus ID)
Conference
8th International Building Physics Conference, IBPC 2021, 25 August 2021 through 27 August 2021
Note

Funding details: Svenska Forskningsrådet Formas, 2017-01449; Funding text 1: This work was supported by The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas) [grant number 2017-01449] within the project National Building-Specific Information (NBI). The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Available from: 2021-12-30 Created: 2021-12-30 Last updated: 2023-05-25Bibliographically approved
von Platten, J., Mangold, M. & Mjörnell, K. (2020). A matter of metrics?: How analysing per capita energy use changes the face of energy efficient housing in Sweden and reveals injustices in the energy transition. Energy Research & Social Science, 70, Article ID 101807.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A matter of metrics?: How analysing per capita energy use changes the face of energy efficient housing in Sweden and reveals injustices in the energy transition
2020 (English)In: Energy Research & Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, E-ISSN 2214-6326, Vol. 70, article id 101807Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Improving energy performance of the housing stock continues to be an important undertaking in the energy transition of many EU member states. However, tendencies of low-income households generally living in buildings with low energy performance pose a challenge for this transition, and cases of ‘renoviction’ and ‘green gentrification’ are becoming more and more noticed in the scientific community. More so, questions regarding the distributive justice of costs and burdens in the energy transition of the housing stock have been raised. In this paper, we approach this problem from a perspective of energy performance metrics. Although energy performance (kWh/m2, year) is generally lower in buildings inhabited by low-income households, residential density—and thus building utilisation—tends to be higher. By measuring per capita energy use instead of area-normalised energy use, we investigate if a high residential density can offset a low energy performance and change the perception of which buildings are considered energy inefficient and which are not. Results showed that by measuring per capita energy use instead of area-normalised energy use, energy inefficient buildings were found in high-income city centres instead of in low-income suburbs of Swedish cities. Moreover, there has been an unjust distribution of the imposition of the energy transition over the past decade where the residents with the initially lowest per capita energy use have carried a disproportionately high share of the energy savings. This suggests that a change of energy performance metrics could offer an approach for a more socially just and sustainable energy transition of the housing stock. © 2020 The Author(s)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2020
Keywords
Distributive justice, Energy Performance Certificate, Energy performance metrics, Energy transition, Per capita energy use, Residential density
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-50421 (URN)10.1016/j.erss.2020.101807 (DOI)2-s2.0-85092931930 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding details: 2017-01449; Funding text 1: This work was supported by The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas) [grant number 2017-01449] within the project National Building-Specific Information (NBI).

Available from: 2020-12-02 Created: 2020-12-02 Last updated: 2023-05-25Bibliographically approved
von Platten, J., Mangold, M. & Mjörnell, K. (2020). Energy inequality as a risk in socio-technical energy transitions: The Swedish case of individual metering and billing of energy for heating. Paper presented at World Sustainable Built Environment - Beyond 2020, WSBE 2020; Gothenburg; Sweden; 2 November 2020 through 4 November 202P Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science Volume 588, Issue 3, 20 November 2020, Article number0. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 588(3), Article ID 032015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy inequality as a risk in socio-technical energy transitions: The Swedish case of individual metering and billing of energy for heating
2020 (English)In: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 588, no 3, article id 032015Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Improved energy efficiency in the housing stock is an important undertaking in the energy transition but is associated with both opportunities and risks. While there are possibilities to reduce energy inequalities in the housing stock, inequalities also risk being aggravated as actions for energy efficiency usually aim at the least energy efficient - and thus sometimes the least privileged - parts of the housing stock. In this paper, we use two different energy performance metrics (kWh/m2 and kWh/capita) to investigate the energy inequality in the Swedish multifamily building stock and explore the effects of these inequalities in the energy transition. More specifically, we investigate the implementation of individual metering and billing of energy for heating, which was recently implemented in the least energy efficient part of the housing stock. It was found that low-income households were overrepresented in the affected buildings. The consequence of this implementation is thus that the strongest protection against energy poverty in Sweden (collective billing for heating) is removed in a part of the housing stock where two of the predictors for energy poverty - low income and low energy performance - are overrepresented. It was concluded that acknowledging inequalities is crucial to avoid risks associated with the energy transition. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOP Publishing Ltd, 2020
Keywords
Economic and social effects, Heating, Housing, Sustainable development, Avoid risks, Building stocks, Energy performance, Energy poverties, Energy transitions, Housing stock, Least energy, Sociotechnical, Energy efficiency
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-51198 (URN)10.1088/1755-1315/588/3/032015 (DOI)2-s2.0-85097159586 (Scopus ID)
Conference
World Sustainable Built Environment - Beyond 2020, WSBE 2020; Gothenburg; Sweden; 2 November 2020 through 4 November 202P Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science Volume 588, Issue 3, 20 November 2020, Article number0
Available from: 2021-01-11 Created: 2021-01-11 Last updated: 2023-05-25Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7568-3334

Search in DiVA

Show all publications