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Roos, S., Posner, S., Jönsson, C., Olsson, E., Linden, H., Schellenberger, S., . . . Arvidsson, R. (2020). A Function-Based Approach for Life Cycle Management of Chemicals in the Textile Industry. Sustainability
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Function-Based Approach for Life Cycle Management of Chemicals in the Textile Industry
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2020 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Consumer products such as clothes and footwear sometimes contain chemical substances with properties that pose a risk to human health and the environment. These substances, restricted by law or company policy, are in focus for chemicals management processes by textile retailers. However, complex and non-transparent supply chains, and limited chemical knowledge, makes chemicals management challenging. Therefore, a function-based approach for life cycle management (LCM) of chemicals was developed, based on results of previous projects and evaluated using a two-step Delphi process. The resulting approach aims to help retailers identify and substitute hazardous substances in products, and consists of three parts: (i) a function-based chemicals management concept model for different levels of chemical information within the supply chain, (ii) tools for non-chemists which explain chemical information, and (iii) a continuous provision of knowledge to stakeholders (e.g., retailers) in a network. This approach is successfully implemented by over 100 retailers in the Nordic countries, providing the textile industry with practical and robust tools to manage and substitute hazardous chemicals in products and production processes. We conclude that the developed approach provides an explicit link, communication, and knowledge sharing between actors in the supply chain, which has proven important in chemicals LCM.

Keywords
life cycle management (LCM); LCM practice; chemicals management; substitution; knowledge sharing; textile; leather; retail; implementation
National Category
Environmental Sciences Materials Chemistry Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-43937 (URN)10.3390/su12031273 (DOI)
Projects
Mistra Future FashionSUPFES
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2020-02-17 Created: 2020-02-17 Last updated: 2020-02-19Bibliographically approved
Linden, H., Diedrich, A. & Baumann, H. (2020). Life cycle work: A process study of the emergence and performance of life cycle practice. Organization & environment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Life cycle work: A process study of the emergence and performance of life cycle practice
2020 (English)In: Organization & environment, ISSN 1086-0266, E-ISSN 1552-7417Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Life cycle management (LCM) is a concept that goes beyond traditional corporate environmental management, due to its’ focus on a product’s entire life cycle. The spread of such concepts is usually understood in terms of processes of ‘diffusion’, whereby ideas spread over time by some inexplicable force. However, diffusion has proven less adequate to describe how ideas spreads in practice. Here, we address this oversight by studying the emergence and performance of what we refer to as life cycle practices. Drawing on an analysis of the development of a sustainability portfolio within a globally-operating manufacturing company, we illustrate the kinds of life cycle work involved in dealing with local activities and interests, connecting activities and interests into action-nets, performing life cycle practices, and spreading the life cycle idea. Finally, we discuss implications of life cycle work for research in the field of organization and management studies and for LCM research.

Keywords
life cycle management (LCM), action-nets, sustainability, sociology of translation, performativity
National Category
Environmental Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-43337 (URN)10.1177/1086026619893971 (DOI)
Note

Detta är en post-print av artikeln som är publicerad i Organization & Environment.

Available from: 2020-01-21 Created: 2020-01-21 Last updated: 2020-01-28Bibliographically approved
Linden, H. & Santonen, T. (2019). Innovation Camp: A tool for Circular Economy product development. In: : . Paper presented at Life Cycle Management.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation Camp: A tool for Circular Economy product development
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Keywords
Life cycle management, Innovation camp
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-39957 (URN)
Conference
Life Cycle Management
Available from: 2019-09-24 Created: 2019-09-24 Last updated: 2019-12-04Bibliographically approved
Linden, H., Baumann, H. & Rex, E. (2019). LCM development: focusing on the LC promoters and their organizational problem-solving. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 24(2), 297-309
Open this publication in new window or tab >>LCM development: focusing on the LC promoters and their organizational problem-solving
2019 (English)In: The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, ISSN 0948-3349, E-ISSN 1614-7502, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 297-309Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Life cycle management (LCM) implies a specific sustainability perspective which extends environmental management along the product life cycle, with the aim of decreasing negative environmental impact throughout the product chain. Research has identified that the adoption of LCM in the industry depends upon its situational adaptation to the organizational context. Even so, little is known about the specifics of this adaptation. With this paper, our aim is to add knowledge on LCM adoption and adaptation. Methods: A systematic analysis of empirical material on life cycle (LC) activity in six multinational corporations (MNCs) is conducted, by applying a secondary analysis of qualitative data (Heaton 2008). In order to study instances of LCM adoption and adaptation, we focus on the acts and situations of LC promoters. The identified instances are analyzed through the lens of situated problem-solving (Kuhn and Jackson 2008). Results and discussion: Sixty-seven instances of LC promotion were identified and analyzed, resulting in the identification of eight categories of problem-situations typically encountered by LC promoters. The identified problem-situations represent different situations when the organizational appropriateness of the LC approach is at stake and to which responses tailored to the organization are put forward by a LC promoter. The results bring to the fore the ubiquity of organizational and creative problem-solving, highlighting the role of LC promoters as change agents for LCM adoption, and depict the development of LCM as an emergent practice, rather than an implementation process. Conclusions: This paper provides a first systematic analysis of LC promoters enacting a variety of responses to organizationally challenging LC situations, thus detailing the adaptation necessary for embedding LCM in the industry. Findings show that the development of LCM to a great extent is about the promotion of a LC approach, and that LC promoters need organizational knowing, in addition to LC knowing, to make the LC approach relevant to management and business.

Keywords
Life cycle (LC) promoters, Life cycle management (LCM), Life cycle thinking (LCT), Organizational problem-solving, Situational adaptation, Sustainability, adoption, article, embedding, life cycle, problem solving, promoter region, secondary analysis
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-35914 (URN)10.1007/s11367-018-1523-z (DOI)2-s2.0-85053238346 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-11-06 Created: 2018-11-06 Last updated: 2019-08-20Bibliographically approved
Lindén, H., Rosén, M. & Baumann, H. (2019). Product chain collaboration for sustainability: A business case for life cycle management. Business Strategy and the Environment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Product chain collaboration for sustainability: A business case for life cycle management
2019 (English)In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Life cycle management (LCM) is frequently described as a holistic sustainability perspectivealong the product chain. It has mainly been a company internal practice.However, recent developments reveal a new type of LCM where companies collaboratein product‐chain‐specific initiatives. This raises questions concerning why corporationsextend “corporate LCM” toward “product chain LCM”. Here, we explorerationales and challenges for corporations engaging in one such coalition: The SustainableTransport Initiative. The study covers five companies in different productchain positions and practitioners in different corporate functions. The results showa broad range of rationales for engaging in product chain LCM, related both to selfinterestand a shared interest in the product chain. The importance of the “businesscase,” both for the individual companies and the product chain, is identified. Theimportance of sustainability managers as actors and as facilitators in discussionsbetween managers from different corporate functions is also identified.

Keywords
business case, challenges, collaboration, life cycle management, rationales, sustainable business
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-40585 (URN)10.1002/bse.2388 (DOI)2-s2.0-85074557653 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-10-28 Created: 2019-10-28 Last updated: 2020-01-31Bibliographically approved
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1550-5557

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