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Gong, G., Nyström, B., Sandlund, E., Eklund, D., Noel, M., Westerlund, R., . . . Joffe, R. (2018). Development of electrophoretic deposition prototype for continuous production of carbon nanotube-modified carbon fiber fabrics used in high-performance multifunctional composites. Fibers, 6(4), Article ID 71.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development of electrophoretic deposition prototype for continuous production of carbon nanotube-modified carbon fiber fabrics used in high-performance multifunctional composites
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2018 (English)In: Fibers, ISSN 2079-6439, Vol. 6, no 4, article id 71Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An electrophoretic deposition (EPD) prototype was developed aiming at the continuous production of carbon nanotube (CNT) deposited carbon fiber fabric. Such multi-scale reinforcement was used to manufacture carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites. The overall objective was to improve the mechanical performance and functionalities of CFRP composites. In the current study, the design concept and practical limit of the continuous EPD prototype, as well as the flexural strength and interlaminar shear strength, were the focus. Initial mechanical tests showed that the flexural stiffness and strength of composites with the developed reinforcement were significantly reduced with respect to the composites with pristine reinforcement. However, optical microscopy study revealed that geometrical imperfections, such as waviness and misalignment, had been introduced into the reinforcement fibers and/or bundles when being pulled through the EPD bath, collected on a roll, and dried. These defects are likely to partly or completely shadow any enhancement of the mechanical properties due to the CNT deposit. In order to eliminate the effect of the discovered defects, the pristine reinforcement was subjected to the same EPD treatment, but without the addition of CNT in the EPD bath. When compared with such water-treated reinforcement, the CNT-deposited reinforcement clearly showed a positive effect on the flexural properties and interlaminar shear strength of the composites. It was also discovered that CNTs agglomerate with time under the electric field due to the change of ionic density, which is possibly due to the electrolysis of water (for carboxylated CNT aqueous suspension without surfactant) or the deposition of ionic surfactant along with CNT deposition (for non-functionalized CNT aqueous suspension with surfactant). Currently, this sets time limits for the continuous deposition.

Keywords
Carbon nanotube, Electrophoretic deposition, Multi-scale carbon reinforcement, Multifunctional composites
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-36931 (URN)10.3390/fib6040071 (DOI)2-s2.0-85058692640 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-28 Created: 2018-12-28 Last updated: 2019-06-28Bibliographically approved
Gong, G., Nyström, B., Sandlund, E., Eklund, D., Noel, M., Westerlund, R., . . . Pupurs, A. (2018). SCALING-UP PRODUCTION OF CNT-COATEDFIBRE REINFORCEMENT USING CONTINUOUS EPDFOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE ANDMULTIFUNCTIONAL COMPOSITES. In: : . Paper presented at 14th International Conference on Flow Processingin Composite Materials.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>SCALING-UP PRODUCTION OF CNT-COATEDFIBRE REINFORCEMENT USING CONTINUOUS EPDFOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE ANDMULTIFUNCTIONAL COMPOSITES
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2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Itis important within the composite community to improve out-of-plane performance ofcomposites dominated by polymer matrix and properties of matrix-rich regions formed in the gapsbetween the interlaced fibre bundles. These properties are difficult to modify with traditional fibrereinforcement. Various nanoscale materials have been explored for such purpose, among which carbonnanotube (CNT) has been suggested as an ideal candidate because of its outstanding mechanical,electrical and thermal properties (1). Electrophoretic deposition (EPD) is considered as a cost-effectivemethod to deposit CNTs onto substrates with mild working conditions, requiring relatively simpleequipment and being amenable to scaling up (2,3). Due to the shortcoming of existing laboratory setupwhich corresponds to a non-continuous process, EPD has not been used at even a pilot plant scale fornano-coated fibre reinforcement. The current work presents the development of a prototype andmethod for continuous EPD process. Geometric defect of fibre reinforcement introduced during thedeposition, which can shadow the reinforcing effect of CNT deposit, was discovered. Enhancement ofcomposite properties by the CNT deposit was hence shown.

Keywords
Continuous electrophoretic deposition; carbon nanotube; multifunctional fibre
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-34847 (URN)
Conference
14th International Conference on Flow Processingin Composite Materials
Available from: 2018-08-17 Created: 2018-08-17 Last updated: 2019-06-28Bibliographically approved
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4254-5020

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