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Diener, D., Fallahi, S., Ljungstrand, P., Nilsson-Lindén, H., Stor Swienkels, N., Bekken Björkman, M., . . . Mair, A. (2024). Produktpass som möjliggörare för cirkulära möbelflöden: Slutrapport.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Produktpass som möjliggörare för cirkulära möbelflöden: Slutrapport
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2024 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 38
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-73635 (URN)
Note

Med stöd från Vinnova och Västra Götalandsregionen

Available from: 2024-06-20 Created: 2024-06-20 Last updated: 2024-06-20Bibliographically approved
Selvefors, A., Renström, S., Whalen, K. A., Fallahi, S., Leivas, M., Nordenö, H. & Fransson, A. (2024). User-centered circular value propositions – approaches in practice and research. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 207, Article ID 107628.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>User-centered circular value propositions – approaches in practice and research
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2024 (English)In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 207, article id 107628Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Circular value propositions enable companies to build business models based on value preservation and circular resource flows. Circular value propositions also allow people to live more sustainably by facilitating increased utilization and resource efficiency. However, despite potential, transitions to circular business models remain low. One reason may be that circular value propositions are less attractive because they are often not developed with a user-centered approach and thus fail to meet people’s everyday needs. Through interviews with 13 companies and a literature study, this paper explores how companies consider user needs and involve users during development of circular value propositions. It also identifies conditions and actions that aid development of attractive circular offers. The findings are synthesized in a framework describing six enabling conditions and a definition of user-centered circular value propositions useful for circular economy practice and research. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2024
Keywords
Business model innovation; Business models; Circular designs; Circular economy; Condition; Sustainable business; Sustainable business model; User-centred; Value proposition; Value proposition design; article; commercial phenomena; drug development; economic aspect; human; interview; normal human; user-centered design; User centered design
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-73285 (URN)10.1016/j.resconrec.2024.107628 (DOI)2-s2.0-85192800386 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2021-02521
Note

The authors would like to thank the interview participants for so openly sharing their experiences and valuable insights. The authors also acknowledge the two anonymous reviewers for their feedback which contributed to enhancing this manuscript. The research presented in this paper is part of the project Game-Based Approaches to Create Innovative Circular Value Propositions ( https://www.ri.se/en/what-we-do/projects/circular-co-creation-games ), which has received funding from the Swedish research council FORMAS , grant number 2021-02521 .

Available from: 2024-05-27 Created: 2024-05-27 Last updated: 2024-06-05Bibliographically approved
Fallahi, S., Mellquist, A.-C., Mogren, O., Zec, E. L., Algurén, P. & Hallquist, L. (2023). Financing solutions for circular business models: Exploring the role of business ecosystems and artificial intelligence. Business Strategy and the Environment, 32(6)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Financing solutions for circular business models: Exploring the role of business ecosystems and artificial intelligence
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2023 (English)In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 32, no 6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The circular economy promotes a transition away from linear modes of production and consumption to systems with circular material flows that can significantly improve resource productivity. However, transforming linear business models to circular business models posits a number of financial consequences for product companies as they need to secure more capital in a stock of products that will be rented out over time and therefore will encounter a slower, more volatile cash flow in the short term compared to linear direct sales of products. This paper discusses the role of financial actors in circular business ecosystems and alternative financing solutions when moving from product-dominant business models to Product-as-a-Service (PaaS) or function-based business models. Furthermore, the paper demonstrates a solution where state-of-the-art artificial intelligence (AI) modeling can be incorporated for financial risk assessment. We provide an open implementation and a thorough empirical evaluation of an AI-model, which learns to predict residual value of stocks of used items. Furthermore, the paper highlights solutions, managerial implications, and potentials for financing circular business models, argues the importance of different forms of data in future business ecosystems, and offers recommendations for how AI can help mitigate some of the challenges businesses face as they transition to circular business models. © 2022 The Authors. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley and Sons Ltd, 2023
Keywords
artificial intelligence, circular business models, circular economy, digital technologies, finance, product-as-a-service
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-61415 (URN)10.1002/bse.3297 (DOI)2-s2.0-85142433810 (Scopus ID)
Note

 Funding details: VINNOVA, 2019‐03166; Funding text 1: We are grateful to Vinnova (Sweden's Innovation Agency) for financial support (grant number 2019‐03166) through the research project AID‐CBM: AI Driven financial risk assessment for Circular Business Models.

Available from: 2022-12-08 Created: 2022-12-08 Last updated: 2024-05-23Bibliographically approved
Selvefors, A., Renström, S., Nordenö, H., Einebrant, E., Fallahi, S., Whalen, K. & Leivas, M. (2023). How can games aid co-design of user-centered circular offerings?. In: Proc. 5th PLATE 2023 Conference.: . Paper presented at 5th PLATE 2023 Conference. Espoo, Finland - 31 May - 2 June 2023.
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2023 (English)In: Proc. 5th PLATE 2023 Conference., 2023Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Widespread adoption of circular offerings, including those based on products with prolonged lifetimes, depend on offers which are attractive to users. To develop such offers, user needs must be considered in depth during the development process. Co-design is a promising approach to develop user-centered solutions but is yet underexplored when it comes to design of circular offerings. To facilitate co-design of circular offerings, games present one opportunity but have previously primarily been used to support understanding, creation, and learning in relation to circular economy. This paper explores how games can support co-design of user-centred circular offerings by presenting insights from an analysis of existing circularity-related games and summarizing insights from literature. Eight circularity-related games were played to identify benefits and drawbacks. Relevant literature was also reviewed to synthesise recommendations for a game aimed at supporting co-design of user-centred circular offerings. The results show none of the existing circularity-related games include a deep understanding of users’ needs and only a few go beyond mere learning and actually contribute to developing companies’ offerings. Identified recommendations suggest games will have higher potential to support co-design of user-centred circular offerings if they, for example, enable co-design with users and co-creation with multiple stakeholders in the business ecosystem, provide game elements that represent circular challenges and opportunities in a realistic and dynamic way, and create bridges from the game to the real world. Future game development should hence take such recommendations into account, while ensuring the developed games do not become too complicated to play.

Keywords
Circular business model; Circular design; Serious game; Co-design; User-centered design.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-66097 (URN)
Conference
5th PLATE 2023 Conference. Espoo, Finland - 31 May - 2 June 2023
Available from: 2023-08-25 Created: 2023-08-25 Last updated: 2024-02-29Bibliographically approved
Björkdahl, J., Fallahi, S. & Holmén, M. (2022). Explaining business model innovation processes: A problem formulation and problem solving perspective. Industrial Marketing Management, 105, 223-239
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Explaining business model innovation processes: A problem formulation and problem solving perspective
2022 (English)In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 105, p. 223-239Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explains the business model innovation processes in industrial firms. Drawing on three case studies of leading business-to-business firms shifting from product-based to service-based business models, it introduces problems as a theoretical concept to explain business model innovation processes. We show how formulating and solving problems guide the search for a viable business model and why some problem formulation and solving activities lead firms to shift between backward-looking and forward-looking searches. The decision to shift to a forward-looking search is triggered by the perception of failure to continue with an established way of working, while the shift to a backward-looking search is based on the perception of high alternative costs. We contribute to the business model innovation and servitization literature by theorizing the process of business model innovation and providing implications for managers.

Keywords
Backward-looking search; Business model innovation; Forward-looking search; Problem formulation; Problem solving; Search
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-59785 (URN)10.1016/j.indmarman.2022.05.012 (DOI)
Available from: 2022-07-05 Created: 2022-07-05 Last updated: 2023-06-07Bibliographically approved
Whalen, K., Fallahi, S., Renström, S., Selvefors, A. & Einebrant, E. (2022). Opportunities for Co-Designing Circular Business Models with Game-Based Approaches - A literature and practice review. In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on New Business Models: . Paper presented at 7th International Conference on New Business Models, 2022, 23-24 June (pp. 540-542).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Opportunities for Co-Designing Circular Business Models with Game-Based Approaches - A literature and practice review
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2022 (English)In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on New Business Models, 2022, p. 540-542Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-60869 (URN)979-12-210-1188-3 (ISBN)
Conference
7th International Conference on New Business Models, 2022, 23-24 June
Available from: 2022-10-18 Created: 2022-10-18 Last updated: 2023-06-07Bibliographically approved
Zec, E. L., Mogren, O., Mellquist, A.-C., Fallahi, S. & Alguren, P. (2022). Residual value prediction using deep learning. In: Proceedings - 2022 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2022: . Paper presented at 2022 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2022, 17 December 2022 through 20 December 2022 (pp. 4560-4567). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Residual value prediction using deep learning
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2022 (English)In: Proceedings - 2022 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2022, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2022, p. 4560-4567Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Great environmental problems are facing us at an unprecedented level.One way of approaching these global challenges is by transitioning from a linear economy to a circular one. In a circular economy, product and material flows become circular, which can significantly improve resource efficiency for environmental sustainability. This can help with minimizing waste and pollution and aid in the regeneration of nature.Meanwhile, transitioning from linear business models to circular business models (CBMs) often leads to a number of financial risks for product companies, since they need to secure more capital in a stock of products that will be rented out over time. This leads to a slower, more volatile cash flow in the short term compared to linear direct sales of products.In this work, we address this problem by reducing the uncertainty of the future value of products. This can increase the willingness among financiers to be part of the development of new circular business models (CBMs). In particular, we study the predictability of online auction end prices using machine learning. The models are trained and evaluated on data collected from a Swedish online auction site.Our results show that deep learning is able to model the residual value of second-hand items on the market using user-uploaded text and images. Our hypothesis is that this technique will be useful to estimate the value of second-hand inventories and to help estimate the value of circular businesses, aiding in a transition from a linear to a circular economy. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2022
Keywords
circular economy, deep learning, representation learning, sustainability, Electronic commerce, Business models, Environmental problems, Global challenges, Material Flow, Product flow, Residual value, Value prediction, Sustainable development
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-64108 (URN)10.1109/BigData55660.2022.10021044 (DOI)2-s2.0-85147923112 (Scopus ID)9781665480451 (ISBN)
Conference
2022 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2022, 17 December 2022 through 20 December 2022
Note

 Correspondence Address: Zec EL, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Sweden; email: edvin.listo.zec@ri.se

Available from: 2023-02-28 Created: 2023-02-28 Last updated: 2024-05-21Bibliographically approved
Fallahi, S., Jersler Fransson, C., Sandberg Jadaan, T., Nordström, E., Carlgren, L. & Lindberg, J. (2021). Recruitment Equality & Diversity Opportunities: Slutrapport för forskningsprojektet ’Rekrytering till sjöfarten – måste sjömän vara män?’.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Recruitment Equality & Diversity Opportunities: Slutrapport för forskningsprojektet ’Rekrytering till sjöfarten – måste sjömän vara män?’
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2021 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

När #metoo-rörelsen svepte över världen startade kvinnor i sjöfarten i Sverige ett eget upprop som lyfte ett stort antal frågor rörande den sociala arbetsmiljön ombord, detta blev under 2018 startskottet för initiativet Vågrätt.

Vågrätt är ett samarbete mellan branschföreningar/arbetsgivarorganisationer, fackföreningar, akademi, myndigheter, studentföreningar och ideella organisationer inom den svenska sjöfartssektorn med målet att skapa en sjöfartssektor med arbetsmiljö i världsklass, med en nollvision om trakasserier och diskriminering för alla som arbetar inom sjöfartssektorn i Sverige.

Med grund i detta startades forskningsprojektet REDO (Recruitment Equality & Diversity Opportunities) i januari 2020 som ett samarbetsprojekt mellan RISE Research Institutes of Sweden och Sjöfartsverket med en vision att förbättra den sociala arbetsmiljön ur ett jämställdhetsperspektiv.

Syftet med REDO är att skapa en trygg och inkluderande sjöfartsindustri där fler kvinnor ska vilja söka jobb till sjöss, samt känna sig motiverade och inspirerade att stanna kvar. Detta är ett förhållningssätt som behöver omfatta alla, från högsta ledningen till varje medarbetare.

I detta projekt har vi använt Design Thinking som den övergripande, användarcentrerade problemformuleringen och lösningsmetoden. För att identifiera drivkrafter och hinder för ökad mångfald och rekrytering av fler kvinnor inom sjöfarten har vi genomfört undersökningar, intervjuer och workshops med kvinnor som arbetar eller har arbetat i sjöfartsbranschen i olika roller. En benchmarkstudie av andra mansdominerade branscher och deras mångfaldsstrategier genom marknadsföring och kommunikation, mentorskap och nätverksinitiativ, samt förändring av befintliga normer och arbetskulturer, har gett inspiration till hur sjöfartsnäringen kan hantera jämlikhet och mångfald för att förbättra den sociala arbetsmiljön ombord.

Denna rapport avser att sammanfatta de resultat och insikter som genererats genom detta projekt och att ge rekommendationer för hur sjöfartsnäringen kan fortsätta att främja mångfald genom att erbjuda en social arbetsmiljö som är byggd på tre hörnstenar av trygghet, inkludering och motivation. Mer detaljerad dokumentation av resultat från olika genomförda studier kompletterar denna rapport som fyra bilagor.

Abstract [en]

When the #metoo movement became viral in the world, women in shipping in Sweden started their own appeal that raised a large number of issues concerning the social work environment on board which became the starting point for the initiative Fair Winds in 2018.

Fair Winds is a collaboration between collaboration between industry association/ employers´organisation, trade unions, academia, authorities, student associations and non-profit organisations in the Swedish shipping sector with an objective to create a shipping sector with world class work environment with a zero vision of harassment and discrimination for everyone working in the shipping sector in Sweden.

Supported by the Fair Winds, research project REDO (Recruitment Equality & Diversity Opportunities) started in January 2020 in a collaboration between RISE Research Institutes of Sweden and the Swedish Maritime Administration with a vision to improve the social work environment from a gender equality perspective.

The purpose of REDO is to create a safe and inclusive shipping industry where more women will want to apply for jobs at sea, and feel motivated and inspired to stay. It is an approach that needs to include everyone, from top management to every employee.

In this project, we have applied ‘Design Thinking’ as the overarching, user-centered problem formulation and solving approach. To identify driving forces and obstacles for increasing diversity and recruitment of more women in the shipping industry, we have conducted surveys, interviews, and workshops with women that are currently or have previously worked in the shipping industry at different roles. A benchmark study of other male-dominated industries and their diversity strategies through marketing and communication, mentorship and networks, and challenging existing norms and work cultures has provided inspiration for how the shipping industry can address equality and diversity to improve the social work environment.

This report intends to summarize the results and insights generated through the course of this project and to offer recommendations for how the shipping industry can continue to promote diversity by offering a social work environment which is built on three cornerstones of safety, inclusion, and motivation. More detailed documentations of results from the different studies conducted are supplemented to this report as four appendices. 

Publisher
p. 36
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-52991 (URN)
Projects
’Rekrytering till sjöfarten – måste sjömän vara män?’ Diarienummer TRV2019/96491
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, TRV2019/96491
Available from: 2021-05-08 Created: 2021-05-08 Last updated: 2023-06-08Bibliographically approved
Boyer, R., Mellquist, A.-C., Williander, M., Fallahi, S., Nyström, T., Linder, M., . . . Whalen, K. (2021). Three-dimensional product circularity. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 25(4), 824
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Three-dimensional product circularity
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2021 (English)In: Journal of Industrial Ecology, ISSN 1088-1980, E-ISSN 1530-9290, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 824-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Abstract Understanding product circularity as ?three-dimensional? could anchor the Circular Economy to common principles while affording its followers flexibility about how to measure it in their specific sectors and disciplines and within their organization's means. Inspired by a heuristic developed for the urban planning profession to cope with the inherent conflicts of Sustainable Development, this article argues that measuring product-level circularity should consider ways to achieve (1) high material recirculation, (2) high utilization, and (3) high endurance in products and service offerings. Achieving all three dimensions ensures that material flowing through the economy is recovered from prior use phases, that it is used intensely, and that it retains its value in spite of exogenous changes. The article argues further that these three dimensions ought to be measured and reported separately rather than as a composite metric and that certain applications will have opportunities to improve circularity through certain dimensions better than others. The article also explains how researchers at RISE (Research Institutes of Sweden AB) are working with industry and government partners to measure the three dimensions and how diverse actors interested in the Circular Economy can use the three dimensions to take the first steps in their transition to circularity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2021
Keywords
circular economy, indicator, industrial ecology, metrics, recycling, remanufacturing
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-52389 (URN)10.1111/jiec.13109 (DOI)
Available from: 2021-02-15 Created: 2021-02-15 Last updated: 2023-06-08Bibliographically approved
Diener, D., Fallahi, S., Mellquist, A.-C. & Vanacore, E. (2021). Ways of operating in business ecosystems to drive circular transitions. In: New Business Models in a Decade of Action:  Sustainable • Evidence-based • Impactful. Full Conference Proceedings. New Business Models 2021, Halmstad, Sweden: . Paper presented at NBM @ Halmstad 2021.9-11 June 2021 (pp. 150-156).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ways of operating in business ecosystems to drive circular transitions
2021 (English)In: New Business Models in a Decade of Action:  Sustainable • Evidence-based • Impactful. Full Conference Proceedings. New Business Models 2021, Halmstad, Sweden, 2021, p. 150-156Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The circular economy megatrend demands that manufacturing firms change their business model, implying that great changes must happen in business ecosystems. This short paper is based on observations from research in three ecosystems and identifies avenues firms can take in business ecosystems when orchestrating implementation of circular economy goals.

Keywords
circular economy, business models, business ecosystem, supply chain
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-61134 (URN)
Conference
NBM @ Halmstad 2021.9-11 June 2021
Available from: 2022-11-07 Created: 2022-11-07 Last updated: 2023-06-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4820-5104

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