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Li, D., Paulin, D., Fast-Berglund, Å., Gullander, P. & Bligård, L.-O. (2018). Supporting individual needs for intra-organisational knowledge sharing activities in pre-industry 4.0 SMEs. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Management and Organisational Learning, ICICKM: . Paper presented at 15th International Conference on Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Management and Organisational Learning, ICICKM 2018, 29 November 2018 through 30 November 2018 (pp. 160-170). Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supporting individual needs for intra-organisational knowledge sharing activities in pre-industry 4.0 SMEs
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2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Management and Organisational Learning, ICICKM, Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited , 2018, p. 160-170Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The complexity of modern manufacturing industry and the emergence of Industry 4.0 puts changing cognitive demands on human operators at work. Operators in this environment, Operator 4.0, will share knowledge through the use of new digital technologies that should be implemented in parallel with an organizational development towards Organization 4.0. On an individual level within the organization, people benefit from understanding their own knowledge needs and gain necessary knowledge through knowledge sharing activities. In pre-Industry 4.0 organizations, this is done primarily through meetings. Originally developed to create smart meetings in smart factories, an elaborated version of the MEET model (Gullander et al, 2014) is used in this paper to evaluate the needs for sharing of tacit and explicit knowledge, both in regards to how it affects the Information System and the Organization System. By adding a systematic process approach to mapping individual knowledge needs related to production activities, these needs can be identified for each process step. By using this systematic approach to apply the MEET model, two Swedish SMEs within the manufacturing industry have developed their knowledge sharing activities. This human-centred study, based on questionnaires and interviews, focuses on how shop-floor operators perceive changes in knowledge sharing activities due to the use of the MEET model. Novelty in this research lies in the attempt to link the technology-intensive Industry 4.0 development with an organizational emphasis. Results show that the applied method can be used to pragmatically improve knowledge sharing from certain aspects, but further research is required to determine the correlation between different areas and their effect on knowledge sharing. This paper suggests that knowledge sharing in organizations can be benefitted from Industry 4.0 enabling technologies, introducing this as Organization 4.0. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited, 2018
Keywords
Industry 4.0, Knowledge sharing, Operator 4.0, Organization 4.0, Surveys, Digital technologies, Enabling technologies, Knowledge-sharing, Manufacturing industries, Organisational knowledge, Organizational development, Tacit and explicit knowledge, Knowledge management
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-38036 (URN)2-s2.0-85059809558 (Scopus ID)9781912764099 (ISBN)
Conference
15th International Conference on Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Management and Organisational Learning, ICICKM 2018, 29 November 2018 through 30 November 2018
Available from: 2019-03-19 Created: 2019-03-19 Last updated: 2019-03-20Bibliographically approved
Li, D., Fast-Berglund, Å., Gullander, P. & Ruud, L. (2016). Identifying Improvement Areas in Production Planning Meetings by Assessing Organisation and Information Systems at a Small Production Company. In: Swedish Production Symposium 2016: . Paper presented at 7th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2016), October 25-27, 2016, Lund, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Identifying Improvement Areas in Production Planning Meetings by Assessing Organisation and Information Systems at a Small Production Company
2016 (English)In: Swedish Production Symposium 2016, 2016Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The increased mass-customisation of production requires operators to manage an increasing number of complex work tasks. From a social sustainability perspective, better sharing and dissemination of production information supports operators cognitively to manage and understand their work tasks, which in turn improves quality of work. So, the focus of this paper is to study how production planning meetings can be improved. Previous research suggests that the MEET model can be used as a framework for improving meetings and information sharing by studying 10 different areas within a company’s Organisation System (OS) and Information System (IS) whilst considering the time and place prerequisites and aims for these meetings. In this paper, the applicability of the MEET model and its 10 areas are tested at a small production company by applying two different approaches. First, a questionnaire was presented to and filled out by a manager, the results of the questionnaire identifies the improvement potential of each of the 10 areas. Second, a comprehensive current-state analysis based on observations on the shop-floor and interviews with operators were carried out with regards to the 10 areas. The results from these two approaches were compared and the comparison showed that both approaches point towards similar areas for potential improvements. This paper concludes that the MEET model can be used as a general framework to inspire change by suggesting areas with potential improvement in information sharing. While the selfassessment questionnaire can identify a direction, additional information and involvement of other stakeholders are recommended for actual implementations of change. For future research, the methods based on the MEET model will be further developed to improve accuracy and the suggestions provided to the case company in this paper will be tested as a validation of the model.

Keywords
MEET, Organisation System, Information System, time-place flexibility, information sharing, improvement potential, production planning
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-31307 (URN)
Conference
7th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2016), October 25-27, 2016, Lund, Sweden
Available from: 2017-09-27 Created: 2017-09-27 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved
Mattsson, S., Karlsson, M., Gullander, P., Van Landeghem, H., Zeltzer, L., Limère, V., . . . Stahre, J. (2014). Comparing quantifiable methods to measure complexity in assembly (ed.). In: International Journal of Manufacturing Research: (pp. 112-130). , 9(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparing quantifiable methods to measure complexity in assembly
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2014 (English)In: International Journal of Manufacturing Research, 2014, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 112-130Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In order to measure complexity and stay competitive, manufacturing companies need to be able to quantify production complexity. For this reason, two methods were developed within the context of two concurrent research projects are compared: the Belgian Complexity Calculator, CXC, measures objective complexity and the Swedish Complexity Index, CXI, focuses on subjective complexity, as experienced by operators in the stations. This paper presents a comparative analysis of the two methods by comparing them to seven relevant existing quantitative methods and by examining results from case studies. It is observed that the two methods can be used as a compliment to one another, where CXC can be used for scanning data automatically CXI can be used for in-depth analysis. In addition, the comparison of existing methods provides insight on how to measure complexity depending on need and scope. copy; 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Series
International Journal of Manufacturing Research (IJMR), ISSN 1750-0591
Keywords
Assembly, Components, Flexibility, Manufacturing, Method, Method comparison, Operator, Product variants, Production complexity, Quantifiable, Workstation
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-13398 (URN)10.1504/IJMR.2014.059602 (DOI)2-s2.0-84897727462 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-09-22 Created: 2016-09-22 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Fasth Berglund, Å., Harlin, U., Mattsson, S., Groth, C., Åkerman, M. & Gullander, P. (2014). Creatinga structured MEETing arena for knowledge-sharing. In: : . Paper presented at Swedish Production Symposium, SPS14, Gothenburg, Sweden..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Creatinga structured MEETing arena for knowledge-sharing
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2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to describe how to create and structure a meeting arena bycombining organisation structure and information structure; this will be used in orderto create an innovative and creative arena for knowledge sharing and problemsolving within the company. The model is exemplified by four industrial casestudies.Results reveal that most of the companies do not have any standards forinformation- or knowledge sharing, most improvement potentials are seen instructuring and storing the right information (IS), aiming from tacit towards explicitknowledge (OS) and this could be done by structuring the questions in the OS-M-ISmodel and by creating innovative and creative meeting arenas.

Keywords
Organization system (OS), MEET, Meeting, Information system (IS)
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-31204 (URN)
Conference
Swedish Production Symposium, SPS14, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Available from: 2017-08-29 Created: 2017-08-29 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Wangwacharakul, P., Berglund, M., Harlin, U. & Gullander, P. (2014). Cultural aspects when implementing lean production and lean product development -experiences from a Swedish perspective (ed.). Quality Innovation Prosperity, 18(1), 125-140
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cultural aspects when implementing lean production and lean product development -experiences from a Swedish perspective
2014 (English)In: Quality Innovation Prosperity, ISSN 1335-1745, E-ISSN 1338-984X, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 125-140Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Lean principles and methods, originating in a Japanese cultural context, have spread to a large number of companies throughout the world. The aim of this case study research is to identify and compare national cultural aspects that influence Lean Production and Lean Product Development implementation in Swedish companies. Data were collected through questionnaires, interviews and an industrial workshop with Swedish Lean practitioners. The study shows that some sub-areas in Lean, such as value definition, control systems, leadership, team development, knowledge management, and strategies, are highly dependent on contextual factors related to human, cultural and organizational aspects. These are related to the national culture and should be considered to a higher extent for successful sustainable implementation of Lean in different cultural contexts. As for implementing Lean in Sweden, national cultural characteristics, such as individualism, autonomy and supportive management style fit well with Lean thinking.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Technical University of Kosice, 2014
Keywords
Case study, National cultural characteristics, Organizational development
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-13319 (URN)10.12776/QIP.V18I1.321 (DOI)2-s2.0-84905242095 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-09-22 Created: 2016-09-22 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Gullander, P., Fast- Berglund, Å., Harlin, U., Mattsson, S., Groth, C., Åkerman, M. & Stahre, J. (2014). The innovative glue between the organization system and information system. In: : . Paper presented at Swedish Production Symposium, SPS14, Gothenburg, Sweden..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The innovative glue between the organization system and information system
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2014 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-31205 (URN)
Conference
Swedish Production Symposium, SPS14, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Available from: 2017-08-29 Created: 2017-08-29 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Wangwacharakul, P., Berglund, M., Harlin, U. & Gullander, P. (2013). Cultural Aspects when Implementing Lean Production and Lean Product Development–a Swedish Perspective. In: : . Paper presented at Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Quality and Service Sciences, QMOD-ICQSS, Portoroz, Slovenia, September 4-6..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cultural Aspects when Implementing Lean Production and Lean Product Development–a Swedish Perspective
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Keywords
National cultural characteristics, organizational development, case study
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-32885 (URN)
Conference
Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Quality and Service Sciences, QMOD-ICQSS, Portoroz, Slovenia, September 4-6.
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Harlin, U., Gullander, P., Berglund, M. & wangwacharakul, P. (2013). Review of research on national cultures’ influences on achieving efficient and innovative product realization processes for global collaboration. In: : . Paper presented at The International HELIX Conference, Linköping 12-14 juni.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Review of research on national cultures’ influences on achieving efficient and innovative product realization processes for global collaboration
2013 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-32880 (URN)
Conference
The International HELIX Conference, Linköping 12-14 juni
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Mattsson, S., Fasth, A., Stahre, J., Karlsson, M., Dencker, K., Gullander, P. & Davidsson, A. (2013). Validation of the complexity index method at three manufacturing companies (ed.). In: Proceedings - 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Assembly and Manufacturing, ISAM 2013: . Paper presented at 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Assembly and Manufacturing, ISAM 2013 (pp. 55-57).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Validation of the complexity index method at three manufacturing companies
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2013 (English)In: Proceedings - 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Assembly and Manufacturing, ISAM 2013, 2013, p. 55-57Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In order to manage increasing numbers of product variants, tools that can reduce or manage production complexity are vital. The paper describes CompleXity Index (CXI), an index-based method and tool that assess the complexity at an industrial workstation. CXI was validated at three Swedish manufacturing companies investigating how different roles affect the index calculation and if the method measures what was intended. In all three cases, CXI was seen as a useful tool that provided a holistic view of the problems seen at a station. In addition it was indicated that complexity and unbalanced work was connected and that the method could be used to predict problem areas on new stations. © 2013 IEEE.

Keywords
Case study, Final assembly, Industrial competitiveness, Managing complexity, Perceived production complexity, Production planning, Validation
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-13408 (URN)10.1109/ISAM.2013.6643487 (DOI)2-s2.0-84890814977 (Scopus ID)9781479916573 (ISBN)
Conference
2013 IEEE International Symposium on Assembly and Manufacturing, ISAM 2013
Available from: 2016-09-22 Created: 2016-09-22 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Mattsson, S., Fasth, Å., Dencker, K., Gullander, P., Stahre, J., Karlsson, M. & Davidsson, A. (2013). Validation of the complexity index method at three manufacturing companies. In: : . Paper presented at International Symposium on Assembly and Manufacturing (ISAM), Xi’an, China, July 30 - August 2..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Validation of the complexity index method at three manufacturing companies
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2013 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-31369 (URN)
Conference
International Symposium on Assembly and Manufacturing (ISAM), Xi’an, China, July 30 - August 2.
Available from: 2017-10-10 Created: 2017-10-10 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4836-8395

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