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Fornell, R., Löwgren, A. & Karlberg, M. (2023). Symbioser för en resurseffektiv bioekonomi.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Symbioser för en resurseffektiv bioekonomi
2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

RISE har fått en förfrågan av Regeringskansliets bioekonomiutredning att sammanställa en bilaga om industriell symbios. Utifrån samtal mellan RISE och utredare har bilagan strukturerats enligt: Ett första avsnitt som diskuterar vad industriell symbios är. Denna diskussion baseras på två definitioner som dels beskriver symbios från olika perspektiv, dels beskriver utvecklingen av begreppet över tid. I avsnittet ingår också en kort diskussion kring skillnader mellan begreppen bioraffinaderi och industriell symbios. Industriell symbios är oberoende av industrisektor, fokus ligger på skapandet av värde från resurser som inte nyttjas till fullo i olika sektorer. Att koppla symbios till bioraffinaderier ger en möjlighet dels att ta ett systemperspektiv på hur bioraffinaderier kan bli mer resurseffektiva, dels att koppla symbiosaktiviteter till utvecklingen av ett fossilfritt samhälle. Ett andra avsnitt som diskuterar olika drivkrafter för skapandet av industriell symbios, både historiskt och kopplat till agendor/strategier för samhällsomställning. Vi argumenterar att det är värdefullt att koppla symbiosutveckling till större omställningsstrategier som till exempel bioekonomistrategin. Då ökar potentialen för att etableringen av industriella symbioser skapar långsiktigt värde. Ett tredje avsnitt som diskuterar hur industriell symbios skapas. I detta avsnitt beskrivs olika utgångspunkter för symbiosaktiviteter (självorganiserade, faciliterade, planerade) och värdet av facilitering lyfts. Olika typer av stöd vid utveckling, och perspektiv som är viktiga att inkludera belyses tillsammans med vikten av det mänskliga perspektivet. Mycket av det som diskuteras i avsnittet gällande att effektivisera och förenkla hur symbioser skapas kopplar till hinder och angreppspunkter inom bioekonomistrategin. En slutsats är att det bör finnas ett stort värde för utvecklingen av både industriell symbios och en resurseffektiv bioekonomi i Sverige att inkorporera industriell symbios i strategin och på så sätt vidga perspektiven på hinder och möjligheter. Ett fjärde avsnitt som kort beskriver några exempel på bioekonomikopplade symbiosaktiviteter i Sverige. Det har skett en snabb utveckling av symbiosaktiviteter under de senaste tio åren i Sverige, och idag pågår aktiviteter i stort sett i hela Sverige där industriell symbios används som begrepp.

Publisher
p. 26
Keywords
Industriell symbios, bioekonomi, omställning, strategi
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-67115 (URN)978-91-89821-55-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-09-18 Created: 2023-09-18 Last updated: 2024-02-21Bibliographically approved
Nicolaidis Lindqvist, A., Fornell, R., Prade, T., Khalil, S., Tufvesson, L. & Kopainsky, B. (2022). Impacts of future climate on local water supply and demand – A socio-hydrological case study in the Nordic region. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, 41, Article ID 101066.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Impacts of future climate on local water supply and demand – A socio-hydrological case study in the Nordic region
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2022 (English)In: Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, E-ISSN 2214-5818, Vol. 41, article id 101066Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Study region: Fårö island, part of Region Gotland, Sweden. Study focus: Despite its importance for proactive planning and management, understanding of how future climate and socioeconomic trends may interact to influence water supply and demand at sub-regional scale remains limited for the Nordic region. We aim to close this knowledge gap by developing a combined social and hydrological simulation model for Fårö island in the Baltic Sea. We use multivariate Monte Carlo simulations to explore the effects of future climate scenarios (RCP4.5 and RCP8.5) on local groundwater supplies, and subsequent impacts on the housing sector, tourism sector, and municipal water supply system in the period 2020–2050. New hydrological insights for the region: Our results suggest that groundwater storage will remain critically low in the coming 30 years, with a 60–70% probability of the groundwater head falling to lower levels than experienced in the past 60 years. Low water availability and widespread saltwater intrusion will constrain housing and tourism development by up to 11% and 30% respectively. To sustain growth, the tourist sector will become increasingly reliant on water from private wells, and supplementary water deliveries from neighboring regions will be required to meet water demand on the municipal grid. © 2022 The Authors

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2022
Keywords
Climate change, Groundwater, Socioeconomic impact, System Dynamics, Water scarcity
National Category
Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-58997 (URN)10.1016/j.ejrh.2022.101066 (DOI)2-s2.0-85127162843 (Scopus ID)
Note

 Funding text 1: Thanks to participants from the Department of Water Management at Region Gotland for their contributions in data collection, model development and validation. Also thanks to Jake Jacobson and Len Malczynski at MindsEye Computing, Idaho Falls USA, for reviewing and providing invaluable feedback throughout the model development process.

Available from: 2022-06-13 Created: 2022-06-13 Last updated: 2023-06-07Bibliographically approved
Lindqvist, A., Fornell, R., Prade, T., Tufvesson, L., Khalil, S. & Kopainsky, B. (2021). Human-Water Dynamics and their Role for Seasonal Water Scarcity – a Case Study. Water resources management, 35(10), 3043-3061
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Human-Water Dynamics and their Role for Seasonal Water Scarcity – a Case Study
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2021 (English)In: Water resources management, ISSN 0920-4741, E-ISSN 1573-1650, Vol. 35, no 10, p. 3043-3061Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ensuring sustainable management and an adequate supply of freshwater resources is a growing challenge around the world. Even in historically water abundant regions climate change together with population growth and economic development are processes that are expected to contribute to an increase in permanent and seasonal water scarcity in the coming decades. Previous studies have shown how policies to address water scarcity often fail to deliver lasting improvements because they do not account for how these processes influence, and are influenced by, human-water interactions shaping water supply and demand. Despite significant progress in recent years, place-specific understanding of the mechanisms behind human-water feedbacks remain limited, particularly in historically water abundant regions. To this end, we here present a Swedish case study where we, by use of a qualitative system dynamics approach, explore how human-water interactions have contributed to seasonal water scarcity at the local-to-regional scale. Our results suggest that the current approach to address water scarcity by inter-basin water transports contributes to increasing demand by creating a gap between the perceived and actual state of water resources among consumers. This has resulted in escalating water use and put the region in a state of systemic lock-in where demand-regulating policies are mitigated by increases in water use enabled by water transports. We discuss a combination of information and economic policy instruments to combat water scarcity, and we propose the use of quantitative simulation methods to further assess these strategies in future studies. © 2021, The Author(s).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Science and Business Media B.V., 2021
Keywords
Resource management, Socio-hydrology, System dynamics, Systems thinking, Water, Climate change, Population statistics, Water resources, Water supply, Economic policies, Fresh water resources, Population growth, Quantitative simulation, Sustainable management, System dynamics approach, Water interactions, Water supply and demands, Economics
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-55679 (URN)10.1007/s11269-021-02819-1 (DOI)2-s2.0-85110739419 (Scopus ID)
Note

 Funding details: Sveriges Meteorologiska och Hydrologiska Institut, SMHI; Funding text 1: This research was partially funded by SMHI – Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, grant “Ansökan for utveckling av verktyg till stöd for samhällets klimatanpassningsarbete, 2019”.

Available from: 2021-08-09 Created: 2021-08-09 Last updated: 2023-06-07Bibliographically approved
Nicolaidis Lindqvist, A. & Fornell, R. (2021). On the combined effects of socio-hydrology and climate change on water resources management – a case study. In: : . Paper presented at The 39th International System Dynamics Conference. Chicago, USA (Virtual). , Article ID P1128.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the combined effects of socio-hydrology and climate change on water resources management – a case study
2021 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-62553 (URN)
Conference
The 39th International System Dynamics Conference. Chicago, USA (Virtual)
Available from: 2023-01-18 Created: 2023-01-18 Last updated: 2023-06-07Bibliographically approved
Wallin, E., Fornell, R., Räftegård, O., Walfridson, T. & Benson, J. (2020). Design and integration of heat recovery in combination with solar and biomass-based heating in a drying plant. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 81, 1387-1392
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design and integration of heat recovery in combination with solar and biomass-based heating in a drying plant
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2020 (English)In: Chemical Engineering Transactions, ISSN 1974-9791, E-ISSN 2283-9216, Vol. 81, p. 1387-1392Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The EU27 annually generates 90 Mt of food waste, and approximately 40 % of this waste is generated during manufacturing. The food processing industry needs to develop improved and sustainable solutions for waste valorisation and re-use. The project DRALOD addresses this issue since it aims at design, integration and assessment of the performance of a heat recovery system in connection with an innovative low-temperature air drying unit where high moisture food waste is dewatered and sold as a by-product with preserved nutritional ingredients. The air used for drying is preheated using solar heat and a biomass boiler, and in this project the potential benefits of integration of a heat recovery system have been investigated. Due to the impurities available in the humid exhaust air from the dryer, the heat recovery is designed with two principal systems; a wet scrubber condensation system and a heat pump system. Simulations using hourly meteorological data from Madrid have been made for the total system with heat recovery, and the generated results have been used as inputs in a techno-economic analysis in order to assess the integration of the heat recovery and how sensitive different economic parameters and assumptions are for the results. It can be concluded from the assessment that the prices of electricity and biofuel will have a high impact on the economic performance and design. For the integration of the heat recovery system to be economically justifiable it is estimated, given assumptions made in this analysis, that the electricity cost needs to be less than 5 times higher than the biofuel cost. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC, 2020
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-49480 (URN)10.3303/CET2081232 (DOI)2-s2.0-85092045401 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding details: European Commission, EC; Funding details: Horizon 2020, 820554; Funding text 1: This research has been supported by the EU project “Fast Track to Innovation - FTI”, DRALOD is co-funded by the European Commission - Horizon 2020 Programme - under Grant Agreement 820554. The DRALOD project is a collaboration between PERNIA, DBFZ, ÖKOTHERM and RISE. For more information about DRALOD please visit dralod.com.

Available from: 2020-10-16 Created: 2020-10-16 Last updated: 2024-05-17Bibliographically approved
Nickel, D. B., Fornell, R., Janssen, M. & Franzén, C. J. (2020). Multi-Scale Variability Analysis of Wheat Straw-Based Ethanol Biorefineries Identifies Bioprocess Designs Robust Against Process Input Variations. Frontiers in Energy Research, 8, Article ID 55.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multi-Scale Variability Analysis of Wheat Straw-Based Ethanol Biorefineries Identifies Bioprocess Designs Robust Against Process Input Variations
2020 (English)In: Frontiers in Energy Research, E-ISSN 2296-598X, Vol. 8, article id 55Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Bioprocesses based on (ligno-)cellulosic biomass are highly prone to batch-to-batch variations. Varying raw material compositions and enzyme activities hamper the prediction of process yields, economic feasibility and environmental impacts. Commonly, these performance indicators are averaged over several experiments to select suitable process designs. The variabilities in performance indicators resulting from variable process inputs are often neglected, causing a risk for faulty performance predictions and poor process design choices during scale-up. In this paper, a multi-scale variability analysis framework is presented that quantifies the effects of process input variations on performance indicators. Using the framework, a kinetic model describing simultaneous saccharification and ethanol fermentation was integrated with a flowsheet process model, techno-economic analysis and life cycle assessment in order to evaluate a wheat straw-based ethanol biorefinery. Hydrolytic activities reported in the literature for the enzyme cocktail Cellic® CTec2, ranging from 62 to 266 FPU·mL−1, were used as inputs to the multi-scale model to compare the variability in performance indicators under batch and multi-feed operation for simultaneous saccharification and fermentation. Bioprocess simulations were stopped at ethanol productivities ≤0.1 g·L−1·h−1. The resulting spreads in process times, hydrolysis yields, and fermentation yields were incorporated into flowsheet, techno-economic and life cycle scales. At median enzymatic activities the payback time was 7%, equal to 0.6 years, shorter under multi-feed conditions. All other performance indicators showed insignificant differences. However, batch operation is simpler to control and well-established in industry. Thus, an analysis at median conditions might favor batch conditions despite the disadvantage in payback time. Contrary to median conditions, analyzing the input variability favored multi-feed operation due to a lower variability in all performance indicators. Variabilities in performance indicators were at least 50% lower under multi-feed operation. Counteracting the variability in enzymatic activities by adjusting the amount of added enzyme instead resulted in higher uncertainties in environmental impacts. The results show that the robustness of performance indicators against input variations must be considered during process development. Based on the multi-scale variability analysis process designs can be selected which deliver more precise performance indicators at multiple system levels. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2020
Keywords
bioethanol, biorefinery, life cycle assessment, multi-scale model, system analysis, techno-economic analysis, uncertainty analysis, variability analysis
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-45001 (URN)10.3389/fenrg.2020.00055 (DOI)2-s2.0-85084732637 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding details: Energimyndigheten, P41272-1; Funding details: Chalmers Tekniska Högskola; Funding text 1: The authors thank Ruifei Wang for providing raw data from laboratory and demo scale experiments. Funding. This research was funded by the Swedish Energy Agency (P41272-1) and the Area of Advance Energy at Chalmers University of Technology. The funding bodies had no influence on the design of the study and were involved neither in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data, nor in the writing of the manuscript.

Available from: 2020-05-27 Created: 2020-05-27 Last updated: 2023-06-07Bibliographically approved
Fahnestock, J., Norström, M., Johnson, A., Olsson, M., Johansson, N., Brolin, M., . . . Östling, H. (2016). RISEnergy: Roadmaps for energy innovation in Sweden through 2030.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>RISEnergy: Roadmaps for energy innovation in Sweden through 2030
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2016 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden is a group of research and technology organisations. RISE is a leading innovation partner working global cooperation with academia, enterprise and society to create value, growth and competitiveness through research excellence and innovation.

In the area of Energy, RISE has developed innovation Roadmaps covering:

  • Energy Efficient Transport
  • Electric Power System
  • Energy Efficient and Smart Buildings
  • Sustainable Thermal Processes
  • Efficient Energy Use in Industry
  • Decarbonisation of Basic Industries

These Roadmaps describe development pathways for technologies, non-technical elements (market design, user behaviours, policies, etc.) and key actors that deliver on a plausible, desirable vision for each respective innovation area in 2030. These Roadmaps are intended to support RISE’s strategic planning and development, but should be relevant reading for anyone interested in energy innovation in Sweden.

Publisher
p. 102
Keywords
energy, innovation, roadmap, research, institutes, transport, buildings, power, electricity, industry, efficiency, thermal processes, ccs, ccus, decarbonisation, Energi, innovation, roadmap, forskning, institut, transport, byggnader, kraftstystem, el, industri, effektivisering, termiska processer, ccs, ccus, avkarbonisering
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-28181 (URN)
Available from: 2017-02-15 Created: 2017-02-15 Last updated: 2023-06-07Bibliographically approved
Fornell, R. (2014). Going from ethanol to a wide array of bio-based products in a biochemical demo plant (ed.). In: Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference 2014 - proceedings: . Paper presented at Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference 2014.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Going from ethanol to a wide array of bio-based products in a biochemical demo plant
2014 (English)In: Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference 2014 - proceedings, 2014, , p. 6Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 6
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-12356 (URN)16426 (Local ID)16426 (Archive number)16426 (OAI)
Conference
Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference 2014
Available from: 2016-09-13 Created: 2016-09-13 Last updated: 2023-06-07Bibliographically approved
Carlsson, G., Fornell, R., Westin, M., Swerin, A., Melander, R. & Engström, C. (2014). Our Resources for the Forest-based Industry (ed.).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Our Resources for the Forest-based Industry
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2014 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Series
SP Arbetsrapporter ; 2014:04
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-3962 (URN)29520 (Local ID)29520 (Archive number)29520 (OAI)
Available from: 2016-09-07 Created: 2016-09-07 Last updated: 2023-06-07Bibliographically approved
Carlsson, G., Nussbaum, R., Fornell, R., Westin, M., Swerin, A., Melander, R. & Engström, C. (2013). Resources for Forest-based Industries (ed.).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Resources for Forest-based Industries
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2013 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Series
SP Arbetsrapporter ; 2013:67
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-3895 (URN)15249 (Local ID)15249 (Archive number)15249 (OAI)
Available from: 2016-09-07 Created: 2016-09-07 Last updated: 2023-06-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6174-1396

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