Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Publications (10 of 13) Show all publications
Nunes, S. G., Joffe, R., Emami, N., Fernberg, P., Saseendran, S., Esposito, A., . . . Varna, J. (2022). Physical aging effect on viscoelastic behavior of polymers. Composites Part C: Open Access, 7, Article ID 100223.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Physical aging effect on viscoelastic behavior of polymers
Show others...
2022 (English)In: Composites Part C: Open Access, ISSN 2666-6820, Vol. 7, article id 100223Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The effect of physical aging on the viscoelastic (VE) behavior of epoxy resin is investigated experimentally performing strain-controlled tests at various temperatures on specimens aged at different temperatures (TA) for different times (tA). The aging effect is analyzed using as a framework Schapery's type of thermo-aging-rheologically simple (T-A-R simple) VE model that contains aging-state and test-temperature dependent shift factor. Experiments show that in first approximation, the shift factor can be presented as the product of aging related shift factor aA and temperature related factor aT. It is found that for short aging times the change rate of the aging shift factor with tA does not depend on TA, whereas for long tA at high TA the rate increases. Shift factors alone are not able to explain differences in relaxation curves for almost “fully” aged specimens aged at different high TA, It is shown that a T-A-R complex VE model with two additional aging-dependent functions can describe the observed discrepancies. © 2021

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2022
Keywords
Numerical analysis, Physical aging, Shift factors, Viscoelasticity
National Category
Composite Science and Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-57913 (URN)10.1016/j.jcomc.2021.100223 (DOI)2-s2.0-85121922581 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding details: Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education, STINT; Funding details: Kempestiftelserna, SMK-1738; Funding details: European Regional Development Fund, ERDF, 1.1.1.2/VIAA/4/20/641; Funding text 1: The authors would like to thank Higher Education Improvement Coordination (CAPES/Brazil), The Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT), Kempestiftelserna with funding referens SMK-1738 and ERDF within the Activity 1.1.1.2 “Post-doctoral Research Aid” of the Specific Aid Objective of the Operational Programme “Growth and Employment” (project No. 1.1.1.2/VIAA/4/20/641) for their financial support.

Available from: 2022-01-12 Created: 2022-01-12 Last updated: 2022-01-12Bibliographically approved
Gonçalves Nunes, S., Saseendran, S., Fernberg, P., Emami, N., Esposito, A., Campos Amico, S. & Varna, J. (2022). SHIFT FACTOR DEPENDENCE ON PHYSICAL AGING AND TEMPERATURE FOR VISCOELASTIC RESPONSE OF POLYMERS. In: ECCM 2022 - Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Composite Materials: Composites Meet Sustainability. Paper presented at 20th European Conference on Composite Materials: Composites Meet Sustainability, ECCM 2022, 26 June 2022 through 30 June 2022 (pp. 431-438). Composite Construction Laboratory (CCLab), Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>SHIFT FACTOR DEPENDENCE ON PHYSICAL AGING AND TEMPERATURE FOR VISCOELASTIC RESPONSE OF POLYMERS
Show others...
2022 (English)In: ECCM 2022 - Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Composite Materials: Composites Meet Sustainability, Composite Construction Laboratory (CCLab), Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL) , 2022, p. 431-438Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

As polymeric resins are used as matrix in reinforced composites, understanding of their viscoelastic-viscoplastic response is critical for long-term performance design. However, during service life, thermosets are not in a thermodynamic equilibrium state, resulting in physical aging, which affects failure and viscoelastic (VE) properties, becoming a concern for industries. In this paper, an alternative methodology for testing and parameter determination for aging polymer, at different temperatures (TA) and times (tA), is proposed. The experimental data analysis was performed using a Schapery's type thermo-aging-rheologically simple VE model with constant coefficients in Prony series and the effect of temperature and aging included by two shift factors (aT, aA). Results showed that the shift factor can be presented as the product of shifts aT and aA. Furthermore, for short tA the change rate of the aA with tA does not depend on TA, whereas for long tA at high TA the rate increases. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Composite Construction Laboratory (CCLab), Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), 2022
Keywords
numerical simulations, Physical aging, shift factors, stress relaxation, viscoelasticity, Polymer matrix composites, Temperature, Long term performance, matrix, Physical temperature, Polymeric resin, Reinforced composites, Viscoelastic response, Viscoelastics, Viscoplastic response
National Category
Composite Science and Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-64800 (URN)2-s2.0-85149180303 (Scopus ID)9782970161400 (ISBN)
Conference
20th European Conference on Composite Materials: Composites Meet Sustainability, ECCM 2022, 26 June 2022 through 30 June 2022
Note

Funding details: Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education, STINT; Funding details: Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, CAPES; Funding details: Kempestiftelserna, SMK-1738; Funding details: European Regional Development Fund, ERDF; Funding text 1: The authors would like to thank “Post-doctoral Research Aid” of the Specific Aid Objective of the Operational Programme “Growth and Employment” (project No. 1.1.1.2/VIAA/4/20/641), Higher Education Improvement Coordination (CAPES/Brazil), The Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT) and Kempestiftelserna with funding reference SMK-1738 and ERDF within the Activity 1.1.1.2 for their financial support.; Funding text 2: Higher Education Improvement Coordination (CAPES/Brazil), The Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT) and Kempestiftelserna with funding reference SMK-1738 and ERDF within the Activity 1.1.1.2 for their financial support.

Available from: 2023-05-15 Created: 2023-05-15 Last updated: 2023-05-15Bibliographically approved
Cameron, C., Saseendran, S., Stig, F. & Rouhi, M. (2021). A rapid method for simulating residual stress to enable optimization against cure induced distortion. Journal of composite materials, 55(26), 3799
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A rapid method for simulating residual stress to enable optimization against cure induced distortion
2021 (English)In: Journal of composite materials, ISSN 0021-9983, E-ISSN 1530-793X, Vol. 55, no 26, p. 3799-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper a rapid method for residual cure stress analysis from composite manufacturing is presented. The method uses a high-fidelity path-dependent cure kinetics subroutine implemented in ABAQUS to calibrate a linear elastic model. The path-dependent model accounts for the tool-part interaction, forming pressure, and the changing composite modulus during the rubbery phase of matrix curing. Results are used to calculate equivalent lamina-wise coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE) in 3 directions for a linear temperature analysis. The goal is to accurately predict distortions for large complex geometries as rapidly as possible for use in an optimization framework. A carbon-epoxy system is studied. Simple coupons and complex parts are manufactured and measured with a 3 D scanner to compare the manufactured and simulated distortion. Results are presented and the accuracy and limitations of the rapid simulation method are discussed with particular focus on implementation in a numerical optimization framework. © The Author(s) 2021.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE Publications Ltd, 2021
Keywords
carbon-epoxy system, distortion prediction, Rapid method, residual cure stress analysis, thermal expansion, tool-part interaction, Curing, Optimization, Stress analysis, Coefficients of thermal expansions, Complex geometries, Composite manufacturing, Linear elastic model, Linear temperature, Numerical optimizations, Optimization framework, Numerical methods
National Category
Composite Science and Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-55676 (URN)10.1177/00219983211024341 (DOI)2-s2.0-85110988175 (Scopus ID)
Note

 Funding details: Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, H2020, 716864; Funding text 1: The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This project has received funding from the Clean Sky 2 Joint Undertaking under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 716864. The results and views expressed within this paper reflect the authors’ views only, and the JU is not responsible for any use that may be made of this information.

Available from: 2021-08-09 Created: 2021-08-09 Last updated: 2023-05-26Bibliographically approved
Saseendran, S., Berglund, D., Varna, J. & Fernberg, P. S. (2020). Incremental 1D Viscoelastic Model for Residual Stress and Shape Distortion Analysis During Composite Manufacturing Processes. In: Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series: . Paper presented at SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, 2019, 3 June 2019 through 6 June 2019 (pp. 65-76). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Incremental 1D Viscoelastic Model for Residual Stress and Shape Distortion Analysis During Composite Manufacturing Processes
2020 (English)In: Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series, Springer , 2020, p. 65-76Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The present contribution is toward the systematic characterization and development of a one-dimensional incremental viscoelastic (VE) model for thermo-rheologically complex materials (called “VisCoR”) for the prediction of residual stresses and shape distortions in composites. Traditionally, models that have been developed for this purpose within the composites industry are based on incremental linear elastic methods. While these methods are robust, they fall short in predicting exact behaviour of large composite parts and high temperature composites where relaxation effects also play a vital role in the final shape of the part. Moreover, these models also do not consider the dependency of stresses on temperature and degree of cure. Although viscoelastic models have been formulated, they are not in an incremental form (which is suitable for Finite Element (FE) simulations), hence requiring higher computational efforts. The presented model is an incremental form and requires lesser computational cost and characterization efforts and most importantly takes into account the effect of temperature and degree of cure. Preliminary studies indicate that the incremental 1D viscoelastic model can accurately model VE stress relaxation behaviour when compared to exact solutions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2020
Keywords
Incremental formulation, Process simulation, Residual stress, Strain recovery, Viscoelasticity, Curing, One dimensional, Residual stresses, Stress relaxation, Thermal fatigue, Composite manufacturing process, Composites industry, Computational effort, Effect of temperature, Finite element simulations, High temperature composites, Viscoelastic modeling, Viscoelastic models
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-45389 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-29986-6_11 (DOI)2-s2.0-85087144461 (Scopus ID)9783030299859 (ISBN)
Conference
SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, 2019, 3 June 2019 through 6 June 2019
Available from: 2020-07-22 Created: 2020-07-22 Last updated: 2023-05-16Bibliographically approved
Nunes, S. G., Saseendran, S., Joffe, R., Amico, S. C., Fernberg, P. & Varna, J. (2020). On Temperature-Related Shift Factors and Master Curves in Viscoelastic Constitutive Models for Thermoset Polymers. Mechanics of composite materials, 56(5), 573-590
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On Temperature-Related Shift Factors and Master Curves in Viscoelastic Constitutive Models for Thermoset Polymers
Show others...
2020 (English)In: Mechanics of composite materials, ISSN 0191-5665, E-ISSN 1573-8922, Vol. 56, no 5, p. 573-590Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Reliable accelerated testing routines involving tests at enhanced temperatures are of paramount importance in developing viscoelastic models for polymers. The theoretical basis, the time-temperature superposition (TTS) principle, is used to construct master curves and temperature-dependent shift factor, which is the necessary information to simulate the material response in arbitrary temperature and strain regimes. The Dynamic Mechanical and Thermal Analysis (DMTA) TTS mode, being one of the most promising approaches in terms of time efficiency and maturity of the software, is compared in this paper with macrotests at enhanced temperatures in their ability to give reliable master curves. It is shown, comparing simulations with test data for a chosen epoxy polymer, that none of the three DMTA TTS mode-based attempts used (at different temperature steps during frequency scanning) was successful in predicting the epoxy behavior in tests. On the contrary, using one-hour macrotests at enhanced temperatures gives a viscoelastic model with a very good predicting accuracy. Simulations were performed using an incremental formulation of the previously published VisCoR model for linear viscoelastic materials. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2020
Keywords
dynamic mechanical and thermal analysis (DMTA), polymers, stress relaxation test, time-temperature superposition, viscoelasticity, Thermoanalysis, Accelerated testing, Arbitrary temperature, Incremental formulation, Linear viscoelastic material, Temperature dependent, Time-temperature superposition principles, Viscoelastic constitutive models, Viscoelastic modeling
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-50937 (URN)10.1007/s11029-020-09905-2 (DOI)2-s2.0-85096118715 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding details: Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education, STINT; Funding text 1: Acknowledgements. The authors would like to thank the Higher Education Improvement Coordination (CAPES/Brazil) and The Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT/Sweden) for their financial support.

Available from: 2020-12-02 Created: 2020-12-02 Last updated: 2021-10-15Bibliographically approved
Saseendran, S., Berglund, D. & Varna, J. (2020). Viscoelastic model with complex rheological behavior (VisCoR): incremental formulation. Advanced Manufacturing: Polymer and Composites Science, 6(1), 1-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Viscoelastic model with complex rheological behavior (VisCoR): incremental formulation
2020 (English)In: Advanced Manufacturing: Polymer and Composites Science, ISSN 2055-0359, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A thermo-rheologically complex linear viscoelastic material model, accounting for temperature and degree of cure (DoC), is developed starting with series expansion of the Helmholtz free energy and systematically implementing simplifying assumptions regarding the material behavior. In addition to the temperature and DoC dependent shift factor present in rheologically simple models, the derived novel model contains three cure and temperature dependent functions. The first function is identified as the rubbery modulus. The second is a weight factor to the transient integral term in the model and reflects the current temperature and cure state, whereas the third function is under the sign of the convolution integral, thus affecting the “memory” of the material. An incremental form of this model is presented which, due to improved approximation inside the time increment, has better numerical convergence than most of the similar forms. Parametric analysis is performed simulating stress development in a polymer, geometrically constrained in the mold during curing and cool-down. The importance of using proper viscoelastic model is shown, and the role of parameters in the model is revealed and discussed. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor and Francis Ltd., 2020
Keywords
Process modeling, shift factors, thermo-rheological complexity, viscoelasticity
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-43371 (URN)10.1080/20550340.2019.1709010 (DOI)2-s2.0-85077871457 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding details: 2017-04873; Funding details: 821019; Funding text 1: The authors would like to thank the Swedish Innovation program VINNOVA (under grant agreement number 2017-04873) and the European Union’s Horizon2020 research program (under grant agreement number 821019) for funding this study.

Available from: 2020-01-29 Created: 2020-01-29 Last updated: 2023-05-16Bibliographically approved
Saseendran, S., Berglund, D. & Varna, J. (2019). Stress relaxation and strain recovery phenomena during curing and thermomechanical loading: Thermorheologically simple viscoelastic analysis. Journal of composite materials, 53(26-27), 3841-3859
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stress relaxation and strain recovery phenomena during curing and thermomechanical loading: Thermorheologically simple viscoelastic analysis
2019 (English)In: Journal of composite materials, ISSN 0021-9983, E-ISSN 1530-793X, Vol. 53, no 26-27, p. 3841-3859Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Stress relaxation and strain recovery phenomena during curing and changed thermal conditions are analyzed using a viscoelastic model developed for thermorheologically complex materials (VisCoR). By making several simplifying assumptions regarding the material behavior, the incremental form of the VisCoR model is reformulated to a version describing thermorheologically simple material and presented in one-dimension for simplicity. The model (called VisCoR-simple) is used to analyze material behavior under various conditions, including stress relaxation behavior at varying temperatures and time scales; tensile loading and unloading tests at high temperatures; stress build up and “frozen-in” strains during curing and following cool-down and strain recovery during the next step of heating. Furthermore, the differences between the so-called “path-dependent” model, which is a linear elastic model with different elastic properties in glassy and rubbery regions, and the presented viscoelastic model are studied. The path-dependent model is an extreme case of the viscoelastic model presented. The importance of considering viscoelasticity when considering temperature and curing effects on polymers and the shortcomings of the path-dependent model are revealed and discussed. © The Author

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE Publications Ltd, 2019
Keywords
Viscoelasticity, process simulation, stress relaxation, strain recovery, temperature and degree of cure
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-38906 (URN)10.1177/0021998319848818 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065747166 (Scopus ID)
Note

Finansiär: Clean Sky 2 Joint Undertaking, European Union (EU), Horizon 2020, ProTHiC, 821019

Finansiär 2: Vinnova, HiSim 

Available from: 2019-06-03 Created: 2019-06-03 Last updated: 2023-05-16Bibliographically approved
Cameron, C. J., Saseendran, S., Stig, F. & Rouhi, M. (2018). A rapid method for residual cure stress analysis for optimization of cure induced distortion effects. In: ECCM 2018 - 18th European Conference on Composite Materials: . Paper presented at 18th European Conference on Composite Materials, ECCM 2018, 24 June 2018 through 28 June 2018. Applied Mechanics Laboratory
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A rapid method for residual cure stress analysis for optimization of cure induced distortion effects
2018 (English)In: ECCM 2018 - 18th European Conference on Composite Materials, Applied Mechanics Laboratory , 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Within this paper, the authors present a rapid method for residual cure stress analysis. The method uses a high-fidelity path-dependent cure kinetics analysis subroutine implemented in Abaqus to calibrate values for a linear elastic analysis. The path dependent model accounts for the tool-part interaction, forming pressure, and the changing composite modulus during the rubbery region of matrix curing during an arbitrary cure cycle. Results are used to calculate equivalent lamina-wise coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE) in 3 directions for a linear temperature analysis. The goal is to accurately predict distortions for large complex geometries with a single linear temperature load as rapidly and accurately as possible for use in an optimization framework. A carbon-epoxy system is studied. Simple parts are manufactured using unbalanced layups and out-of-autoclave methods. The resulting distortions are scanned with a 3D scanner and compared with simulation results for the same geometries. Further, a more complicated part is studied to compare the two methods using complex geometry. Results are presented and the accuracy and limitations of the rapid simulation method are discussed with particular focus on implementation in a numerical optimization framework.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Applied Mechanics Laboratory, 2018
Keywords
Aerospace structures, Cure induced distortion, FEA, Optimization, Residual stress
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-43426 (URN)2-s2.0-85084161733 (Scopus ID)9781510896932 (ISBN)
Conference
18th European Conference on Composite Materials, ECCM 2018, 24 June 2018 through 28 June 2018
Note

Funding details: Horizon 2020, 716864; Funding text 1: This project has received funding from the Clean Sky 2 Joint Undertaking under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 716864.The results and views expressed within this paper reflect only the authors’ views only, and the JU is not responsible for any use that may be made of this information.

Available from: 2020-01-31 Created: 2020-01-31 Last updated: 2023-05-26Bibliographically approved
Pupure, L., Saseendran, S., Varna, J. & Basso, M. (2018). Effect of degree of cure on viscoplastic shear strain development in layers of [45/−45]s glass fibre/ epoxy resin composites. Journal of composite materials, 52(24), 3277-3288
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of degree of cure on viscoplastic shear strain development in layers of [45/−45]s glass fibre/ epoxy resin composites
2018 (English)In: Journal of composite materials, ISSN 0021-9983, E-ISSN 1530-793X, Vol. 52, no 24, p. 3277-3288Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Effect of degree of cure on irreversible (viscoplastic) shear strain development in layers of glass fibre/ epoxy resin (LY5052 epoxy resin) [+45 °/−45 °]s laminate is studied performing a sequence of constant stress creep and viscoelastic strain recovery tests. For fixed values of degree of cure in range from 79.7% to 100%, the viscoplastic strains were measured as dependent on time and stress and Zapa's integral representation was used to characterize the observed behaviour. It is shown that at all degrees of cure the viscoplastic behaviour can be described by Zapa's model with parameters dependent on degree of cure. It is shown that for degree of cure lower than 80% the viscoplastic strains grow much faster and are much more sensitive to the increase of the applied shear stress. These irreversible strains developing in the final phase of the curing can significantly alter the residual stress state in the composite structure.

Keywords
Degree of cure, nonlinearity, shear, viscoplasticity, Curing, Glass fibers, Shear flow, Shear strain, Shear stress, Shearing, Epoxy resin composites, Integral representation, Irreversible strain, Residual stress state, Viscoelastic strain, Viscoplastic strains, Epoxy resins
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-34552 (URN)10.1177/0021998318764275 (DOI)2-s2.0-85045240621 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-08-09 Created: 2018-08-09 Last updated: 2021-10-15Bibliographically approved
Saseendran, S., Wysocki, M. & Varna, J. (2017). Cure-state dependent viscoelastic Poisson’s ratio of LY5052 epoxy resin. Advanced Manufacturing: Polymer and Composites Science, 3(3), 92-100
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cure-state dependent viscoelastic Poisson’s ratio of LY5052 epoxy resin
2017 (English)In: Advanced Manufacturing: Polymer and Composites Science, ISSN 2055-0359, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 92-100Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is shown, using thermodynamically consistent linear viscoelastic material model that accounts for properties dependence on test temperature and cure state parameters, that for rheologically simple materials the cure and temperature related reduced times and shift factors are the same for all viscoelastic compliances, relaxation modulus, and Poisson’s ratio as well as for the storage and loss modulus. A necessary condition for that is that the cure and temperature parameters are affecting the reduced time only. This means that the Poisson’s ratio of polymeric materials, which for simplicity is often assumed constant, in fact exhibits a small dependence on time which is affected by temperature and state of cure. In this work, the evolution of the viscoelastic Poisson’s ratio of the commercial LY5052 epoxy resin is studied in relaxation test subjecting the specimen to constant axial strain. Specimens at several cure states are studied and Poisson’s ratio, defined as the lateral and axial strain ratio, is shown to evolve from 0.32 to 0.44 over time. Moreover, the data confirm that the cure state-dependent reduced time controlling the Poisson’s ratio development leads to the same shift functions as those identified in DMTA tests for storage modulus. The latter measurements also confirmed that the total shift can be considered as a sum of two shifts in the frequency domain, which means that function for reduced time calculation can be written as a product of two functions: one dependent on the test temperature and another one dependent on the cure state.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor and Francis Ltd., 2017
Keywords
Cure dependence, Poisson’s ratio, Stress relaxation, Time dependence, Viscoelasticity
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-40976 (URN)10.1080/20550340.2017.1348002 (DOI)2-s2.0-85053644010 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding details: VINNOVA, 2014-06041; Funding text 1: The authors would like to thank the SICOMP Foundation for providing financial support for this research.; Funding text 2: This work was supported by the VINNOVA (Sweden) [grant number 2014-06041] is greatly acknowledged.

Available from: 2019-12-10 Created: 2019-12-10 Last updated: 2023-05-25Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5738-3207

Search in DiVA

Show all publications