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Bornehag, Carl-GustafORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0417-1686
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 21) Show all publications
Kortenkamp, A., Axelstad, M., Baig, A. H., Bergman, Å., Bornehag, C.-G., Cenijn, P., . . . Zoeller, R. T. (2020). Removing Critical Gaps in Chemical Test Methods by Developing New Assays for the Identification of Thyroid Hormone System-Disrupting Chemicals-The ATHENA Project. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 21(9), Article ID E3123.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Removing Critical Gaps in Chemical Test Methods by Developing New Assays for the Identification of Thyroid Hormone System-Disrupting Chemicals-The ATHENA Project
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2020 (English)In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, ISSN 1661-6596, E-ISSN 1422-0067, Vol. 21, no 9, article id E3123Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The test methods that currently exist for the identification of thyroid hormone system-disrupting chemicals are woefully inadequate. There are currently no internationally validated in vitro assays, and test methods that can capture the consequences of diminished or enhanced thyroid hormone action on the developing brain are missing entirely. These gaps put the public at risk and risk assessors in a difficult position. Decisions about the status of chemicals as thyroid hormone system disruptors currently are based on inadequate toxicity data. The ATHENA project (Assays for the identification of Thyroid Hormone axis-disrupting chemicals: Elaborating Novel Assessment strategies) has been conceived to address these gaps. The project will develop new test methods for the disruption of thyroid hormone transport across biological barriers such as the blood-brain and blood-placenta barriers. It will also devise methods for the disruption of the downstream effects on the brain. ATHENA will deliver a testing strategy based on those elements of the thyroid hormone system that, when disrupted, could have the greatest impact on diminished or enhanced thyroid hormone action and therefore should be targeted through effective testing. To further enhance the impact of the ATHENA test method developments, the project will develop concepts for better international collaboration and development in the area of thyroid hormone system disruptor identification and regulation.

Keywords
brain development, endocrine disruptors, risk assessment, test method development, test method validation, thyroid hormone system
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-45043 (URN)10.3390/ijms21093123 (DOI)32354186 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85084009621 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-05-29 Created: 2020-05-29 Last updated: 2022-02-10Bibliographically approved
Choi, H., Schmidbauer, N. & Bornehag, C.-G. (2017). Volatile organic compounds of possible microbial origin and their risks on childhood asthma and allergies within damp homes. Environment International, 98, 143-151
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Volatile organic compounds of possible microbial origin and their risks on childhood asthma and allergies within damp homes
2017 (English)In: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 98, p. 143-151Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Risk of indoor exposure to volatile organic compounds of purported microbial origin on childhood symptoms of wheezing, rhinitis, and/or eczema, and doctor-diagnosed asthma, rhinitis, and eczema, respectively, remain unclear. Objective To test hypotheses that total sum of 28 microbial volatile organic compounds (Σ26 MVOCs): 1) poses independent risk on doctor-diagnosed asthma, rhinitis, and eczema, respectively, as well as multiple symptom presentation with a minimum of the two of the above conditions (i.e. case); 2) is associated with significant interaction with absolute humidity (AH) on additive scale. Methods In a case-control investigation, 198 cases and 202 controls were examined during November 2001 – March 2002 period through home indoor air sampling, air quality inspection, and health outcome ascertainment. Results Not only the Σ28 MVOCs but also the global MVOC index were significantly higher within the homes of the cases with a high AH, compared to the controls with a low AH (all Ps < 0.001). Only the cases, but not the controls, were associated with a dose-dependent increase in the exposure variables of interest (Σ28 MVOCs) per quartile increase in AH (P < 0.0001 for the cases; P = 0.780 for the controls). Only among the children who live in a high AH homes, a natural log (ln)-unit of Σ 28 MVOCs was associated with 2.5-times greater odds of the case status (95% CI, 1.0–6.2; P = 0.046), compared to 0.7-times the odds (95% CI, 0.4–1.0; P = 0.074) of the same outcome among the low AH homes. Specifically, joint exposure to a high MVOCs and high AH was associated with 2.6-times greater odds of the doctor-diagnosed asthma status (95% CI, 0.7–8.91; P = 0.137). Conclusion Joint occurrence of high Σ28 MVOCs and AH was associated with a significant increase in the case status and asthma risks in an additive scale.

Keywords
Allergy, Childhood, Damp, Indoor, Mold, VOC, Air quality, Allergies, Damping, Diseases, Fungi, Gas chromatography, Indoor air pollution, Organic compounds, Volatile organic compounds, Absolute humidity, Background risks, Indoor exposure, Microbial origins, Microbial volatile organic compounds, Quality inspection, Quality control
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-29202 (URN)10.1016/j.envint.2016.10.028 (DOI)2-s2.0-84998892676 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-04-03 Created: 2017-04-03 Last updated: 2021-11-30Bibliographically approved
Bornehag, C.-G., Bölling, A., Holme, J., Nygaard, U., Bertelsen, R. J., Nånberg, E., . . . Becher, R. (2013). Pulmonary phthalate exposure and asthma - Is PPAR a plausible mechanistic link? (ed.). EXCLI Journal, 12, 733-759
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pulmonary phthalate exposure and asthma - Is PPAR a plausible mechanistic link?
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2013 (English)In: EXCLI Journal, Vol. 12, p. 733-759Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-6477 (URN)15482 (Local ID)15482 (Archive number)15482 (OAI)
Available from: 2016-09-08 Created: 2016-09-08 Last updated: 2023-04-04Bibliographically approved
Zhang, Y., Li, B., Huang, C., Yang, X., Qian, H., Deng, Q., . . . Sundell, J. (2013). Ten cities cross-sectional questionnaire survey of children asthma and other allergies in China (ed.). Chinese Science Bulletin, 58(34), 4182-4189
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ten cities cross-sectional questionnaire survey of children asthma and other allergies in China
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2013 (English)In: Chinese Science Bulletin, ISSN 1001-6538, E-ISSN 1861-9541, Vol. 58, no 34, p. 4182-4189Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Asthma, rhinitis and eczema (allergic or non-allergic) have increased throughout the world during the last decades, especially among children. Changes in the indoor environment are suspected to be important causes. China has experienced a dramatic change in indoor environmental exposures during the past two decades. However, such changes and their associations with children's asthma and other health aspects have not been thoroughly studied. China, Children, Homes, Health (CCHH), Phase I, was a cross-sectional questionnaire survey of 48219 children 1-8 years old in 10 Chinese cities during 2010-2012. The questionnaire includes the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) core health questions and additional questions regarding housing, life habits and outdoor environment. In health analyses, children aged 3-6 years old were included. The prevalences of doctor diagnosed asthma varied from 1.7% to 9.8% (mean 6.8%), a large increase from 0.91% in 1999 and 1.50% in 2000. The prevalence of wheeze, rhinitis and atopic eczema (last 12 months) varied from 13.9% to 23.7%, 24.0% to 50.8% and 4.8% to 15.8%, respectively. Taiyuan had the lowest prevalences of all illnesses and Shanghai the highest, except for wheezewhere the highest value was for Urumqi. We found (1) no obvious association between disease prevalences and ambient PM10 concentrations and (2) higher prevalences of disease in humid climates with hot summers and cold winters, but with no centrally heated buildings. Associations between the diseases and economic status as indexed by Gross Domestic Product (GDP) requires further study.

Keywords
environmental health, exposure, homes, indoor air quality, urbanization
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-6527 (URN)10.1007/s11434-013-5914-z (DOI)2-s2.0-84887958944 (Scopus ID)23802 (Local ID)23802 (Archive number)23802 (OAI)
Available from: 2016-09-08 Created: 2016-09-08 Last updated: 2023-11-01Bibliographically approved
Von Kobyletzki, L., Berner, A., Carlstedt, F., Hasselgren, M., Bornehag, C.-G. & Svensson, Å. (2013). Validation of a parental questionnaire to identify atopic dermatitis a population based sample of children up to age 2 years (ed.). Dermatology, 226(3), 222-226
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Validation of a parental questionnaire to identify atopic dermatitis a population based sample of children up to age 2 years
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2013 (English)In: Dermatology, ISSN 1018-8665, E-ISSN 1421-9832, Vol. 226, no 3, p. 222-226Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Validated eczema questionnaires have been available for schoolchildren only, but the incidence of atopic dermatitis (AD) is highest during infancy. Objective: To validate a parental questionnaire to identify AD in children up to 2 years of age. Methods: Parents of 476 children answered a written questionnaire prior to an examination by a physician. Sensitivity, specificity, predictive values and test-retest reliability of the questionnaire were assessed. Results: A total of 245 (51%) girls and 231 (49%) boys, aged 1-24 months, with and without physician-diagnosed AD participated. Seventy-one children (15%) had physician-diagnosed AD. Validation of the questionnaire by comparisons with physicians' diagnoses showed a sensitivity of 0.87 (95% confidence interval, CI, 0.77-0.94) and a specificity of 0.98 (95% CI, 0.96-0.99). The positive predictive value was 0.90 (95% CI, 0.80-0.96) and the negative predictive value was 0.98 (95% CI, 0.96-0.99). Conclusion: The questionnaire identified AD in children aged 0-2 years with high accuracy.

Keywords
Child: preschool, Dermatitis: atopic/diagnosis, Infant, Questionnaire: written parental
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-6476 (URN)10.1159/000349983 (DOI)2-s2.0-84882300921 (Scopus ID)15481 (Local ID)15481 (Archive number)15481 (OAI)
Available from: 2016-09-08 Created: 2016-09-08 Last updated: 2021-11-30Bibliographically approved
Clausen, G., Høst, A. H., Toftum, J., Bekö, G., Weschler, C. J., Callesen, M. T., . . . Sigsgaard, T. (2012). Children's health and its association with indoor environments in Danish homes and daycare centres - methods. Indoor Air, 22(6), 467-475
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children's health and its association with indoor environments in Danish homes and daycare centres - methods
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2012 (English)In: Indoor Air, ISSN 0905-6947, E-ISSN 1600-0668, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 467-475Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The principle objective of the Danish research program 'Indoor Environment and Children's Health' (IECH) was to explore associations between various exposures that children experience in their indoor environments (specifically their homes and daycare centers) and their well-being and health. The targeted health endpoints were allergy, asthma, and certain respiratory symptoms. The study was designed with two stages. In the first stage, a questionnaire survey was distributed to more than 17000 families with children between the ages of 1 and 5. The questionnaire focused on the children's health and the environments within the homes they inhabited and daycare facilities they attended. More than 11000 questionnaires were returned. In the second stage, a subsample of 500 children was selected for more detailed studies, including an extensive set of measurements in their homes and daycare centers and a clinical examination; all clinical examinations were carried out by the same physician. In this study, the methods used for data collection within the IECH research program are presented and discussed. Furthermore, initial findings are presented regarding descriptors of the study population and selected characteristics of the children's dwellings and daycare centers. Practical Implications: This study outlines methods that might be followed by future investigators conducting large-scale field studies of potential connections between various indoor environmental factors and selected health endpoints. Of particular note are (i) the two-stage design - a broad questionnaire-based survey followed by a more intensive set of measurements among a subset of participants who have been selected based on their responses to the questionnaire; (ii) the case-base approach utilized in the stage 2 in contrast to the more commonly used case-control approach; (iii) the inclusion of the children's daycare environment when conducting intensive sampling to more fully capture the children's total indoor exposure; and (iv) all clinical examinations conducted by the same physician. We recognize that future investigators are unlikely to fully duplicate the methods outlined in this study, but we hope that it provides a useful starting point in terms of factors that might be considered when designing such a study.

Keywords
Allergies, Asthma, Biomarkers, Chemical exposure, Dust, Urine, Ventilation, article, day care, Denmark, female, housing, human, indoor air pollution, infant, male, preschool child, questionnaire, statistics, Air Pollution, Indoor, Child Day Care Centers, Child, Preschool, Humans, Questionnaires
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-51159 (URN)10.1111/j.1600-0668.2012.00777.x (DOI)2-s2.0-84868694840 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-01-05 Created: 2021-01-05 Last updated: 2021-11-30Bibliographically approved
Angelova, R. A., Naydenov, K. G., Hägerhed Engman, L., Melikov, A. K., Popov, T. A., Stankov, P. & Bornehag, C.-G. (2012). The response rate in postal epidemiological studies in the context of national cultural behaviour (ed.). In: 10th International Conference on Healthy Buildings 2012: . Paper presented at 10th International Conference on Healthy Buildings 2012; Brisbane, QLD; Australia; 8-12 July, 2012 (pp. 1429-1434). , 2
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The response rate in postal epidemiological studies in the context of national cultural behaviour
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2012 (English)In: 10th International Conference on Healthy Buildings 2012, 2012, Vol. 2, p. 1429-1434p. 1429-1434Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to analyse the effect of national cultural differences on the response rate, obtained in questionnaire based epidemiological studies on allergy and asthma, performed in Sweden (DBH) and Bulgaria (ALLHOME). The two studies used one and the same methodology, but the obtained response rate was different: 78.8% in DBH and 34.5% in ALLHOME. The differences in the obtained response rate and the reasons for these differences were analyzed on the basis of the Hofstede's cultural dimensions' indexes, which clearly show the distinction in the national cultural behaviour of people in Sweden and Bulgaria. It was found that national culture could strongly influence the response behaviour of people in epidemiological studies and Hofstede's indexes can be useful tool when designing and performing epidemiological studies, and in particular - questionnaire surveys.

Publisher
p. 1429-1434
Keywords
Allergies, Epidemiology, Healthy homes and buildings, Kindergartens, Surveys
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-12548 (URN)2-s2.0-84883377304 (Scopus ID)23997 (Local ID)23997 (Archive number)23997 (OAI)
Conference
10th International Conference on Healthy Buildings 2012; Brisbane, QLD; Australia; 8-12 July, 2012
Available from: 2016-09-13 Created: 2016-09-13 Last updated: 2021-11-30Bibliographically approved
Bornehag, C.-G., Moniruzzaman, S., Larsson, M., Lindström, C. B., Hasselgren, M., Bodin, A., . . . Janson, S. (2012). The SELMA study: A birth cohort study in sweden following more than 2000 mother-child pairs (ed.). Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 26(5), 456-467
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The SELMA study: A birth cohort study in sweden following more than 2000 mother-child pairs
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2012 (English)In: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, ISSN 0269-5022, E-ISSN 1365-3016, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 456-467Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: This paper describes the background, aim and study design for the Swedish SELMA study that aimed to investigate the importance of early life exposure during pregnancy and infancy to environmental factors with a major focus on endocrine disrupting chemicals for multiple chronic diseases/disorders in offspring. Methods: The cohort was established by recruiting women in the 10th week of pregnancy. Blood and urine from the pregnant women and the child and air and dust from home environment from pregnancy and infancy period have been collected. Questionnaires were used to collect information on life styles, socio-economic status, living conditions, diet and medical history. Results: Of the 8394 reported pregnant women, 6658 were invited to participate in the study. Among the invited women, 2582 (39%) agreed to participate. Of the 4076 (61%) non-participants, 2091 women were invited to a non-respondent questionnaire in order to examine possible selection bias. We found a self-selection bias in the established cohort when compared with the non-participant group, e.g. participating families did smoke less (14% vs. 19%), had more frequent asthma and allergy symptoms in the family (58% vs. 38%), as well as higher education among the mothers (51% vs. 36%) and more often lived in single-family houses (67% vs. 60%). Conclusions: These findings indicate that the participating families do not fully represent the study population and thus, the exposure in this population. However, there is no obvious reason that this selection bias will have an impact on identification of environmental risk factors. 

Keywords
environmental factors, prospective birth cohort study, selection bias, Sweden
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-6428 (URN)10.1111/j.1365-3016.2012.01314.x (DOI)2-s2.0-84864859506 (Scopus ID)23989 (Local ID)23989 (Archive number)23989 (OAI)
Available from: 2016-09-08 Created: 2016-09-08 Last updated: 2021-11-30Bibliographically approved
Bornehag, C.-G. (2011). An epedemiological investigation on housing characteristics and asthma and allergy among children in Seoul, Korea (ed.). In: : . Paper presented at The 12th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate, 5-10 June 2011, Austin Texas, USA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An epedemiological investigation on housing characteristics and asthma and allergy among children in Seoul, Korea
2011 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-12041 (URN)12715 (Local ID)12715 (Archive number)12715 (OAI)
Conference
The 12th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate, 5-10 June 2011, Austin Texas, USA
Available from: 2016-09-13 Created: 2016-09-13 Last updated: 2021-11-30Bibliographically approved
Bornehag, C.-G. (2011). An epedemiological investigation on housing characteristics and sthman and allergy among children in Seoul, Korea (ed.). In: : . Paper presented at 12th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate 2011.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An epedemiological investigation on housing characteristics and sthman and allergy among children in Seoul, Korea
2011 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-12029 (URN)12689 (Local ID)12689 (Archive number)12689 (OAI)
Conference
12th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate 2011
Available from: 2016-09-13 Created: 2016-09-13 Last updated: 2021-11-30Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0417-1686

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