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Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Mattsson, M., Olofsson, T., Lundberg, L., Korda, O. & Nair, G. (2023). An Exploratory Study on Swedish Stakeholders’ Experiences with Positive Energy Districts. Energies, 16(12), Article ID 4790.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Exploratory Study on Swedish Stakeholders’ Experiences with Positive Energy Districts
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2023 (English)In: Energies, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 16, no 12, article id 4790Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Positive energy district (PED) is a novel idea aimed to have an annual surplus of renewable energy and net zero greenhouse gas emissions within an area. However, it is still an ambiguous concept, which might be due to the complexity of city district projects with interconnected infrastructures and numerous stakeholders involved. This study discusses various aspects of PED implementation and presents practitioners’ experiences with the PED concept, challenges, and facilitators they have faced with real projects. The study is based on interviews with ten Swedish professionals. The major challenges reported for PED implementation were local energy production and energy flexibility, sub-optimization, legislation, suitable system boundaries, and involvement of stakeholders. Most of the interviewees mentioned improved collaboration, integrated innovative technology, political support, and climate change mitigation goals as important facilitators. The interviewees highlighted the importance of a local perspective and considered each city’s preconditions when developing a PED project. The study emphasizes that to facilitate PED implementation and replication in cities, more knowledge and clarity is required about PED such as on the definition and system boundaries. © 2023 by the authors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2023
Keywords
energy transition, positive energy district, replication, stakeholder perspective, sustainable urban development, Climate change, Greenhouse gases, Urban growth, Energy transitions, Exploratory studies, Positive energies, Renewable energies, Swedishs, System boundary, Gas emissions
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-65708 (URN)10.3390/en16124790 (DOI)2-s2.0-85163812620 (Scopus ID)
Note

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from Swedish Energy Agency for the project number 52686-1 “RESILIENTa Energisystem Kompetenscentrum”. The ten interviewees represent seven projects in Sweden: Brunnshög, FED (fossil-free energy district), Hammarby Sjöstad, Nanna, Norra Djurgårdsstaden, RUGGEDISED, and Tamarinden. Three projects are facilitated by the municipality, RUGGEDISED, and is a smart city project funded by European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program, and Johanneberg Science Park was the coordinator of one project. The remaining two projects are led by the Royal institute of technology (KTH), Stockholm and ElectriCITY. The projects are located in five Swedish cities, and of the seven projects, three were initiated after 2019. Three projects have a district size between 2–2.4 km, and one project is 0.05 km. The latter project will have around 7000 apartments, while the other three projects (mainly residential and commercial areas) will make housing for between 20,000 and 40,000 residents, and two of the projects reported that there will be 20,000 and 35,000 workplaces in the area, respectively. Of the remaining three projects, one is based in a parking garage and two are located at campuses. 2 2

Available from: 2023-08-09 Created: 2023-08-09 Last updated: 2023-11-21Bibliographically approved
Fridahl, M., Schenuit, F., Lundberg, L., Möllersten, K., Böttcher, M., Rickels, W. & Hansson, A. (2023). Novel carbon dioxide removals techniques must be integrated into the European Union’s climate policies [Letter to the editor]. Communications Earth & Environment, 4(1), Article ID 459.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Novel carbon dioxide removals techniques must be integrated into the European Union’s climate policies
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2023 (English)In: Communications Earth & Environment, E-ISSN 2662-4435, Vol. 4, no 1, article id 459Article in journal, Letter (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Given the escalating climate crisis, the task of integrating novel carbon dioxide removals into the European Union’s climate policy is urgent and long overdue. Here, we argue that there is a window of opportunity for responding now, and put forward a solution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nature Publishing Group, 2023
National Category
Climate Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-68799 (URN)10.1038/s43247-023-01121-9 (DOI)2-s2.0-85178880092 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, P2022–00172Swedish Energy Agency, P2022–01125Swedish Research Council Formas, 2019–01993
Note

This research was funded by the Swedish Energy Agency (grant no. P2022–00172 and no. P2022–01125), the Swedish research council Formas (grant no. 2019–01993), the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research BMBF (grant no. 03F0898E and grant no. 01LS2101A), and Volkswagen AG via the Stifterverband.

Available from: 2024-01-09 Created: 2024-01-09 Last updated: 2024-01-09Bibliographically approved
Lundberg, L., Cintas Sanchez, O. & Zetterholm, J. (2023). The impact of blending mandates on biofuel consumption, production, emission reductions and fuel prices. Energy Policy, 183, Article ID 113835.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of blending mandates on biofuel consumption, production, emission reductions and fuel prices
2023 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 183, article id 113835Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The transport sector accounts for about 20% of EU’s GHG-emissions. Progress in emission reductions has been slow and primarily driven by biofuels promoted through national blending mandates. The mandates differ in whether they are measured in volume, energy, or emission reduction and in how gasoline and diesel are targeted. Due to this, national mandates and their effects have not previously been quantitatively compared on an EU level. In this article we convert the mandates for all EU member states between 2009 and 2020 to a common unit and study their impact on biofuel consumption, production, emission reductions and fuel prices. We find that mandates are driving biofuel consumption in the EU and correlates with emission reductions. Increased mandates have however often been fulfilled by blending biofuels eligible for double counting. We also find that reduction mandates have been effective in encouraging high-performance biofuels. For historical fuel prices, we do not see a clear correlation between countries’ shares of biofuel and consumer fuel prices while the global oil price has a considerable impact. For biofuel production, increased demand drive investments in the EU, but when it comes to localisation of new plants factors such as local infrastructure are more important than national mandates. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2023
Keywords
Europe; Biofuels; Costs; Emission control; Greenhouse gases; Investments; Biofuels policies; Blending mandate; Double counting; Emission reduction; Energy reduction; Fuel prices; GHG emission; GHGs emissions; RED; Transport sectors; biofuel; emission control; energy policy; European Union; fuel consumption; oil production; price determination; Blending
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-67680 (URN)10.1016/j.enpol.2023.113835 (DOI)2-s2.0-85173131317 (Scopus ID)
Note

The project has been financed by the Swedish Energy Agency and f3-Swedish Centre for Renewable Transportation Fuels (Project number: 50479-1 ). Economic support from the Swedish Research Council FORMAS is also gratefully acknowledged ( 2020-00184_Formas ).

Available from: 2023-11-06 Created: 2023-11-06 Last updated: 2023-11-21Bibliographically approved
Lundberg, L. & Fridahl, M. (2022). The missing piece in policy for carbon dioxide removal: reverse auctions as an interim solution. Discover Energy, 2, Article ID 3.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The missing piece in policy for carbon dioxide removal: reverse auctions as an interim solution
2022 (English)In: Discover Energy, ISSN 2730-7719, Vol. 2, article id 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The expectation that carbon dioxide removal (CDR) will play a crucial role in the climate transition is starting to gain traction in policy. An increasing number of countries are expanding their CDR policies, from specification of objectives (via elimination of regulatory obstacles) to market development. Among the many CDR options, sustainably sourced bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) is often cited as having the greatest theoretical potential. Unlocking this potential will necessitate new and robust economic incentives. However, at present, there is a serious gap between actual policy and the required incentive structures, and developing these policies in a responsible way will likely take many years. To get BECCS started sooner than it otherwise might, we argue that an interim policy for allowing BECCS to mature would help identify potential trade-offs or pitfalls, and would help test how firms react to incentives for CDR before rolling our large scale international incentive structures. In this Perspectives article, we provide an insight into the current status of BECCS and CDR policy based on interviews with key policy makers and experts. We also provide a special insight into Sweden’s development of interim policy that takes the form of a reverse auction.

National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-63544 (URN)10.1007/s43937-022-00008-8 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-01-30 Created: 2023-01-30 Last updated: 2023-11-21Bibliographically approved
Fridahl, M. & Lundberg, L. (2021). Aktörspreferenser i design av ett stödsystem för bio-CCS. Linköping: Linköpings universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Aktörspreferenser i design av ett stödsystem för bio-CCS
2021 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Avskiljning och geologisk lagring av biogen koldioxid, bio-CCS, har succesivt fått en mer framskriven funktion i svensk klimatpolitik. Möjligheten att skapa kolsänkor genom bio-CCS gör att tekniken kan bidra till det svenska målet om noll nettoutsläpp av växthusgaser till 2045. Regeringen har gett Energimyndigheten i uppdrag att sjösätta ett stödsystem för bio-CCS med start 2022. Kunskapen om hur nyckelaktörer vill utforma stödsystemet är dock bristfällig. Sådan kunskap är central för att möjliggöra en proaktiv systemdesign som lockar till deltagande. Denna studie undersöker därför preferenser för systemdesign bland aktörer inom näringslivet, den nationella förvaltningen och politiken. Syftet är att identifiera dilemman och potentiella målkonflikter. Energimyndighetens uppdrag är begränsat till att utreda ett stödsystem baserat på omvända auktioner eller fasta ersättningsnivåer, vilket också utgör huvudfokus i denna rapport. Baserat på intervjuer med 40 respondenter syns konvergens kring att statligt stöd bör kanaliseras genom omvända auktioner. I jämförelse med fasta ersättningsnivåer skapar ett auktionssystem bättre förutsättningar för att vara samhällsekonomiskt effektivt och för att harmonisera med EU:s statsstödsregler. Denna studie pekar dock på flera auktionsdilemman och potentiella målkonflikter. Exempelvis måste auktionsvolymerna matchas med den tekniska potentialen bland intresserade företag, vilket är lättare sagt än gjort. Denna studie presenterar också argument för att begränsa auktionerna genom budget- snarare än volymtak och pekar på att företagens egna kostnadsuppskattningar i många fall är betydligt högre än vad som påvisats i tidigare studier. Flera potentiella målkonflikter har också identifierats vilka är beroende av hur målsättningen med det statliga stödet preciseras. En trolig politisk målsättning är att stödet ska skapa minusutsläpp för att bidra till att uppfylla svenska klimatmål. En sådan målsättning skulle kunna stå i konflikt mot stödmottagande företags ambition att engagera sig i marknader för minusutsläppskrediter. Hur stödsystemets målsättning preciseras är avgörande för möjligheterna att hitta kompletterande finansieringskällor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2021. p. 51
Keywords
BECCS, reverse auctions, negative emissions, Bio-CCS, negativa utsläpp, omvänd auktion, lagringspeng, Environmental Sciences, Miljövetenskap
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-57514 (URN)
Note

Energimyndigheten, 51569-1; 51200-1; 51579-1. Forskningsrådet Formas, 2019-01973

Available from: 2022-01-03 Created: 2022-01-03 Last updated: 2023-11-21Bibliographically approved
Lundberg, L., Cintas Sanchez, O. & Selvakkumaran, S. (2021). Biodrivmedel och styrmedel i EU.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biodrivmedel och styrmedel i EU
2021 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Inblandning av biodrivmedel är en viktig faktor för att Sverige ska klara målet om 70 % utsläppsminskningar i transportsektorn till 2030. Sverige är redan idag en av de största konsumenterna av biodrivmedel för transporter i EU, och 85% av de biodrivmedel som används kommer från import. Sverige påverkas direkt av EU-lagstiftning för biodrivmedel, men eftersom biodrivmedel handlas internationellt påverkas vår möjlighet att importera och exportera biodrivmedel även av tillgång och efterfrågan i andra länder. För att kunna utforma effektiva svenska styrmedel är det därför viktigt att förstå hur produktion, konsumtion och styrmedel för biodrivmedel ser ut i andra länder i EU. Precis som i Sverige så drivs konsumtion av biodrivmedel i andra EU-länder framför allt av styrmedel som påverkar konsumtion. Det vanligaste styrmedlet är inblandningskvoter liknande den svenska reduktionsplikten. I det nya förnybartdirektivet från EU (RED II) som kom 2018 läggs ett större fokus på avancerade biodrivmedel och målet är att de ska utgöra minst 0,2 % 2022, 1 % 2025 och 3,5 % 2030. 2020 hade 20 EU-länder (inklusive Storbritannien) egna nationella kvoter med krav på inblandning av avancerade biodrivmedel. Sverige har än så länge inte en speciell kvot för avancerade biodrivmedel. Det finns dock ett flertal planerade anläggningar i Sverige som kan komma att bli stora producenter av avancerade biodrivmedel.

Publisher
p. 30
Series
FDOS ; 19:2021
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-57515 (URN)
Note

 Tillgänglig på https://f3centre.se/sv/samverkansprogram/   En delrapport från ett projekt inom FÖRNYBARA DRIVMEDEL OCH SYSTEM 2018-2021. Ett samverkansprogram mellan Energimyndigheten och f3 Svenskt kunskapscentrum för förnybara drivmedel.

Available from: 2022-01-03 Created: 2022-01-03 Last updated: 2023-11-21Bibliographically approved
James, N., Lundberg, L. & Sills, E. (2021). The Implications of Learning on Bidding Behavior in a Repeated First Price Conservation Auction with Targeting. Strategic Behavior and the Environment, 9(1-2), 69-101
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Implications of Learning on Bidding Behavior in a Repeated First Price Conservation Auction with Targeting
2021 (English)In: Strategic Behavior and the Environment, ISSN 1944-012X, E-ISSN 1944-0138, Vol. 9, no 1-2, p. 69-101Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Conservation auctions have been advocated as a way to increase the cost-effectiveness of payment for ecosystem services (PES) programs by reducing the informational rents captured by participating landowners. Most PES programs have continual or periodic (rather than one-time) enrollment. In repeated auctions, it is possible for participants to learn the winning bids from previous auctions and use this information to strategically set their bids, thereby capturing more informational rents. We develop an agent-based model, using data from Costa Rica’s Pago de Servicios Ambientales

National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-58171 (URN)10.1561/102.00000101 (DOI)
Note

∗The authors would like to thank Francisco Alpizar, Ariana Salas, Tabare Capitan,and Priscilla Rigg-Aguilar for their substantial support in the data collection andformation of this article. The authors would like to acknowledge Jesse Hendersonand Tugba Kaya for their useful feedback during the manuscript review process.The authors would also like to acknowledge financial support from the LaarmanInternational Gift Fund and Environment for Development. Finally, it is importantto note this work is only possible because of the excellent records and transparencyof Fondo Nacional de Financiamiento Forestal (FONAFIFO). 

Available from: 2022-01-14 Created: 2022-01-14 Last updated: 2023-11-21Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0352-2464

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