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Eriksson, Y., Skagert, K. & Ekwall, P.-E. (2023). Design process of live-action video instructions. In: : . Paper presented at 13th Design Thinking Research Symposium. Haifa, Israel. March 22-24, 2022. (pp. 329). Routledge
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Design process of live-action video instructions
2023 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this design project is to explore ways of co-designing instructional videos, together with representatives from the elderly care sector, that show how to use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) related to the Covid-19 pandemic and how to follow basic hygiene routines. We have used Design Thinking (DT) and Research through design (RtD) methodology. The results show that the main improvements derived from using a co-design process were input on the details needed to make the video more realistic and reflective of real-world scenarios.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Routledge, 2023
Nationell ämneskategori
Mänsklig interaktion med IKT
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-67724 (URN)10.1201/b22630-23 (DOI)2-s2.0-85173444865 (Scopus ID)978-965-599-948-8 (ISBN)
Konferens
13th Design Thinking Research Symposium. Haifa, Israel. March 22-24, 2022.
Anmärkning

The authors would like to thank Afa Insurance.

Tillgänglig från: 2023-11-06 Skapad: 2023-11-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-11-16Bibliografiskt granskad
Mattsson, S., Kurdve, M., Almström, P. & Skagert, K. (2023). Framework for universal design of digital support and workplace design in industry. international journal of manufacturing research
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Framework for universal design of digital support and workplace design in industry
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: international journal of manufacturing researchArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to propose a framework for universal design of manual assembly workplaces. Workplaces that are adapted to different individuals, regardless of gender, language, background and functional variations, also support the fundamental goals of the Industry 5.0 concept and an accessible, safer, productive and error-proof work environment. The study included: 1) a qualitative study on key factors for universal design and comparison with universal design theory; 2) improvement suggestions to the company based on observations, interviews and theory; 3) a framework for universal design. The framework included the following areas: personalisation and context, activities/tasks and output, and methods/standards and factors were suggested so that companies could start their analysis work for the design. The study resulted in new insights and empirics regarding universal workplace design.

Nationell ämneskategori
Maskinteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-68622 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-12-19 Skapad: 2023-12-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-12-19Bibliografiskt granskad
Wallo, A., Martin, J., Elg, M., Harlin, U., Bozic, N., Skagert, K., . . . Gremyr, I. (2023). Mapping the challenges of a socially sustainable, competitive, and green industry in the age of rapid change: A Delphi study. Linköping University, Education and Sociology
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Mapping the challenges of a socially sustainable, competitive, and green industry in the age of rapid change: A Delphi study
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2023 (Engelska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This report presents the findings of a Delphi study coordinated by Linköping University (LiU) in collaboration with RISE Research Institutes of Sweden and the Chalmers University of Technology. The study was carried out in 2022 as part of a Vinnova-funded planning project aimed at establishing an interdisciplinary research environment to prepare an application for a new competence centre focused on building a long-term, sustainable Swedish industry. The Delphi study aimed to identify key challenges related to the ambition to develop a socially sustainable, competitive, and green industry subjected to an accelerating pace of change. The Delphi study was based on an interactive research approach to facilitate the cocreation of knowledge for the dual purpose of advancing long-term theory development and innovation processes. The consortium and its reference groups consist of industrial companies (such as AstraZeneca, Ericsson IndustryLab, Rimaster, Saab Aeronautics, Scania, Volvo GTO and Volvo Cars), intermediaries and educational actors (such as Skill, IUC Sverige and Linköping Science Park), labour market organisations (including IF Metall, Industriarbetsgivarna, Unionen, and Teknikföretagen), governmental agencies (the Office for Sustainable Working life), and researchers from LiU, Chalmers, and RISE. There are key industrial targets forming the starting point for the Delphi study that also guide policies and investments in strategic agendas for the industrial stakeholders. For the Swedish industry to be resilient and sustainable, new competence and organisational abilities are required to decrease the dependency on fossil energy in production. Transformation towards electrification, circular economy, and digitalisation are key enablers, and these transitions are ongoing and accelerating at a fast pace. Furthermore, new and constantly emerging targets require organisational resilience, like managing new requirements and targets within energy consumption and supply of competence. The findings of this report include a total of 14 identified challenges. To organise and create conditions for flexible work for all To successfully manage crises and drastic external events To successfully drive and contribute to the green industrial transformation To facilitate employee-driven innovation and organisational learning To attract, develop and retain employees with the right skills To take advantage of and exploit the opportunities of digitalisation To create inclusive workplaces and utilise diversity To organise competence development To collaborate with external parties to ensure the availability of competence To design for socially sustainable work considering efficiency and good health in a dynamic environment To organise the creation of added value for and together with customers and suppliers To systematically drive continuous improvement work in parallel with long-term development work To develop leadership that creates better opportunities both for a climate-neutral footprint and a competitive industry with good working conditions To transform research- and policy-based knowledge into practice The 14 challenges were further analysed according to perceived importance and ability and presented in a priority matrix. According to the priority matrix, the 14 challenges were then synthesised into six main research themes: A. Innovative competence supply practice, B. Resilient organisations & production systems, C. Analytics for improvement & learning, D. Socially sustainable work, E. Green transformation practices, and an open and undefined research theme labelled as Future challenges. The research themes are also presented together with six main analytical and theoretical perspectives in a matrix that can be used to intersect and interweave the research themes to guide the research agenda in a potential future research program.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Linköping University, Education and Sociology, 2023. s. 88
Serie
HELIX rapport 23:001
Nationell ämneskategori
Hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation, hälsopolitik och hälsoekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-64376 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-04-26 Skapad: 2023-04-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-09Bibliografiskt granskad
Williamsson, A. & Skagert, K. (2023). Trygghet i professionen: En vetenskaplig omvärldsanalys av socialsekreterares arbetssituation.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Trygghet i professionen: En vetenskaplig omvärldsanalys av socialsekreterares arbetssituation
2023 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med litteraturgranskningen var att kartlägga; kunskapsläget kring socialsekreterares arbetsmiljö i allmänhet, samt identifiera interventioner och aktiviteter för att stärka socialsekreterares möjlighet att i trygghet utöva sitt uppdrag korrekt utan påverkan i synnerhet. Via de svenska databaserna Swepub och GU supersök identifierades 15 publikationer, varav 5 inkluderades i analysen. För engelskspråkiga publikationer gjordes sökningar i Scopus, där 69 lästes i sin fulltext. Efter genomläsning inkluderas 44 stycken. Av de inkluderade publikationerna dominerade kvantitativa studier baserade på enkätdata. Förhållandevis få studier redogjorde för någon form av insats för att stärka tryggheten. Teoretiska referensramar som användes bland publikationerna var teorin om Exit- Voice och krav- och resursmodellen relaterat till olika hälsoutfall där samband mellan arbetsförhållanden och tankar på att sluta, arbetstillfredsställelse, utmattning samt upplevelsen av förändring av ens egna medkänsla med klienter kunde fastslås. De vetenskapliga artiklarna beskriver problem och faktorer som påverkar tryggheten i professionen på olika systemnivåer. Dels finns resultat på individuell medarbetarnivå, på arbetsgrupp- och yrkesprofessionsnivå, i relation till andra myndigheter samt på övergripande samhällsnivå som relaterar både till påverkan, hantering och konsekvenser för tryggheten i yrkesprofessionen. De krav som uppstår kan påverka i en nedåtgående spiral men det finns också stöd och resurser som kan stärka tryggheten för att balansera krav och grundläggande förutsättningar i yrket. Det traditionella arbetsmiljöarbetet kan behöva kompletteras med proaktivt arbete för att stärka förmågan att hantera oförutsedda händelser. Här tycks öppenhet i organisationen och professionsstärkande åtgärder vara viktigt både för individens, professionsteamets och organisationens hållbarhet.

Förlag
s. 29
Serie
RISE Rapport ; 2023:51
Nationell ämneskategori
Arbetslivsstudier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-64920 (URN)978-91-89821-03-3 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-06-05 Skapad: 2023-06-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-10-31Bibliografiskt granskad
Eriksson, A., Dellve, L., Williamsson, A. & Skagert, K. (2022). How Conditions and Resources Connected to Digital Management Systems and Remote Work Are Associated with Sustainable Work. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(23), Article ID 15731.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>How Conditions and Resources Connected to Digital Management Systems and Remote Work Are Associated with Sustainable Work
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, nr 23, artikel-id 15731Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The current state of work–life transformation will see more white-collar work being performed remotely using digital management systems. There is, however, a lack of research on factors and resources contributing to sustainable work when working remotely using digital management systems. The aim of this study was to study the conditions and resources connected to digital management systems and remote work, and their associations with sustainable work, in terms of process quality, trust, and sense of coherence, when working remotely during the COVID-19 pandemic. An analytical cross-sectional study was performed. Questionnaire data from white-collar employees (n = 484) in two private companies were analyzed with regression models, focusing on the importance of the conditions and resources connected to digital management systems and remote work, stratified by working from home or at the office. The results showed digital conditions and resources being associated with indicators of sustainable work. Furthermore, the results showed that social work relations were additional important explanatory factors for sustainable remote work. This study contributes to the development of a new post-pandemic work–life balance by concluding that sustainable remote work needs to be ensured by functional digital management systems and adequate leadership supporting the development of a positive team and learning climate. © 2022 by the authors.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
MDPI, 2022
Nyckelord
digital management systems, digital working conditions, remote work, sustainable work
Nationell ämneskategori
Arbetslivsstudier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-61714 (URN)10.3390/ijerph192315731 (DOI)2-s2.0-85143721903 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

Funding details: AFA Försäkring, 200364; Funding text 1: This research was funded by AFA Insurance, Sweden, grant number 200364.

Tillgänglig från: 2022-12-29 Skapad: 2022-12-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Harlin, U., Berglund, M., Skagert, K., Wallo, A. & Elg, M. (2022). Samverkans betydelse vid kris och radikal förändring: Strategisk, taktisk och operativ samverkan i arbetet under covid-19 pandemin. In: Book of abstracts FALF 2022: . Paper presented at FALF 2022 - Framtidens arbete – arbetets framtid, 13–15 juni, Kiruna (pp. 67).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Samverkans betydelse vid kris och radikal förändring: Strategisk, taktisk och operativ samverkan i arbetet under covid-19 pandemin
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2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Book of abstracts FALF 2022, 2022, s. 67-Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-64086 (URN)
Konferens
FALF 2022 - Framtidens arbete – arbetets framtid, 13–15 juni, Kiruna
Tillgänglig från: 2023-02-23 Skapad: 2023-02-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-06-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Mattsson, S., Kurdve, M., Almström, P. & Skagert, K. (2022). Synthesis of Universal Workplace Design in Assembly-A Case Study. In: Advances in Transdisciplinary Engineering: . Paper presented at 10th Swedish Production Symposium, SPS 2022, 26 April 2022 through 29 April 2022 (pp. 184-196). IOS Press BV, 21
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Synthesis of Universal Workplace Design in Assembly-A Case Study
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Advances in Transdisciplinary Engineering, IOS Press BV , 2022, Vol. 21, s. 184-196Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

To form an inclusive and sustainable society, workplace design that can be used by different individuals, regardless of sex, language, background, and body function variations is needed. Such workplaces can also give economic benefits to companies if they provide a more accessible, safer, more productive and error proofed working environment. This aim of this paper is to evaluate a universal design concept developed at a company aiming at providing an 'easy job'-workplace design for manual industrial operations. The study investigated key factors from 8 interviews and compared it to theoretical constructs such as WHO's ICIDH-2. A synthesis was formed that included the following factors: personal factors, environmental factors and outcomes of universal work. The study has resulted in new insights regarding universal workplace design and the vision is that the synthesis can be used by other production companies that want to increase the universal design in assembly work. © 2022 The authors

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
IOS Press BV, 2022
Nyckelord
Assembly, design, poka-yoke, standards, Sustainable development, Case-studies, Design concept, Economic benefits, Function variation, Industrial operations, Sustainable society, Universal Design, Working environment, Workplace design
Nationell ämneskategori
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-59851 (URN)10.3233/ATDE220138 (DOI)2-s2.0-85132814865 (Scopus ID)9781614994398 (ISBN)
Konferens
10th Swedish Production Symposium, SPS 2022, 26 April 2022 through 29 April 2022
Anmärkning

Conference Paper; Correspondence Address: Mattsson, S.; Research Institutes of Sweden, Sweden; email: sandra.mattsson@ri.se

Tillgänglig från: 2022-08-02 Skapad: 2022-08-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-06-07Bibliografiskt granskad
Kurdve, M., Mattsson, S. & Skagert, K. (2021). Digitalt stöd och kultur för universell utformning av manuella arbeten.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Digitalt stöd och kultur för universell utformning av manuella arbeten
2021 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This report presents how universal design of manual assembly was supported through digital support in a project called Universal design of workplaces - manual assembly (UUAAMM). In the project we have followed a company Husmuttern AB and evaluated their approach to universal design. The aim of the project was to increase universal design in industry and show how other companies can use it and why. The approach focused on four areas: sustainable work, standard operational procedures, digital support and culture.

Förlag
s. 29
Serie
RISE Rapport ; 2021:120
Nyckelord
ergonomics, UX design, standards, poka yoke
Nationell ämneskategori
Människa-datorinteraktion (interaktionsdesign)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-57522 (URN)978-91-89561-11-3 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-01-05 Skapad: 2022-01-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-06-07Bibliografiskt granskad
Kurdve, M., Eriksson, Y. & Skagert, K. (2021). Skyddsutrustning vid Covid 19 – Metodik för säker produktframtagning vid egen beredskapsproduktion.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Skyddsutrustning vid Covid 19 – Metodik för säker produktframtagning vid egen beredskapsproduktion
2021 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

During spring 2020 the covid 19 virus spread all over the world. A supply shortage of  personnel protective equipment (PPE) was apparent due to an increase of global need for PPE and worsened due to breakage of supply chains, closed factories, and boarders. It was difficult to rely on the ordinary global market for supply of PPE during the strained  situation caused by the pandemic. Employers, who are responsible for ensuring  security for their staff and not exposed to dangerous infections, tried to obtain personal protective equipment by various means. The result describes different methods to meet the need of PPE, such as emergency stockpile, acute purchase, gifts, voluntary- or own production in collaboration with local industry. There are apparent problems with having a sufficiently extensive contingency stock of PPE pending a possible pandemic or rely on being able to make acute purchases or receive gifts from the surrounding community. Voluntary production alone seldom reaches necessary volumes and it is difficult to ensure all aspects of sufficient quality. However, a temporary emergency production of PPE can quickly be started together with local domestic industry. The result describes the core components in such process. The requirements and standards regulating PPE mainly sets material requirements. We recommend getting an understanding of these requirement when sourcing raw materials or components. It is also important to have standardized operation procedures with easy to learn instructions in place and a quality assurance system preferably with fault proof process design (poka yoke). Through these steps and design, production can start quickly even with unexperienced staff and still be able to provide sufficient volumes of approved quality. Finally, the documentation, labelling and instructions for use of PPE are necessary to have in place and sent together with the product to the end user. The recommendation to authorities is to simplify the description of PPE requirements and procedures for permits.

Abstract [sv]

Under våren 2020 spred sig covid 19 dramatiskt över hela världen. Detta ledde till ökade behov av personlig skyddsutrustning främst inom vård och omsorg. Situationen förvärrades genom att ordinarie produktion och leverantörskedjor bröts när både fabriker och landsgränser stängdes ner. Arbetsgivare för personal inom vård och omsorg ansvarar för att de inte ska utsättas för farlig smitta och försökte med olika medel få fram skyddsutrustning. Då den globala marknaden inte fungerade var det inte möjligt att förlita sig på den för att tillgodose behovet av skyddsutrustning. I resultatet redogörs för några olika metoder för att tillgodose behovet av skyddsutrustning. Det finns uppenbara problem med att ha ett tillräckligt omfattande beredskapslager av skyddsutrustning i väntan på en eventuell pandemi. Enbart volontärproduktion kommer sällan upp i tillräckliga volymer och har svårt att säkerställa alla moment för en tillräcklig kvalitet. En inhemsk beredskaps-produktion av skyddsutrustning kunde dock snabbt startas ihop med svensk industri. Med kännedom om råmaterialkrav, standardiserade instruktioner och produktionsprocesser samt väldesignad produktinformation kan produktion starta snabbt med relativt otränad produktionspersonal och ändå kunna tillhandahålla tillräckliga volymer materiel av godkänd kvalitet. Inför kommande pandemier eller liknande krissituationer bör Arbetsmiljöverket och anmälda organ för standarder ge ut en mer lättläst materialkravslista för skyddsutrustning med visuella beskrivningar.

Förlag
s. 22
Serie
RISE Rapport ; 2021:03
Nyckelord
Emergency stockpile, Standard Operation Procedures, Production Design, Occupational health and safety management, Healthcare
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-52152 (URN)978-91-89167-85-8 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2021-01-29 Skapad: 2021-01-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Harlin, U., Berglund, M., Skagert, K. & Elg, M. (2021). Stakeholder collaboration inspired by the Nordic model – Towards sustainable work and competitiveness during an industrial startup. European Journal of Workplace Innovation, 6(1-2), 198-219
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Stakeholder collaboration inspired by the Nordic model – Towards sustainable work and competitiveness during an industrial startup
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Journal of Workplace Innovation, ISSN 2387-4570, Vol. 6, nr 1-2, s. 198-219Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

External stakeholder collaboration is vital for new industrial projects and establishments. The aim of this paper is to explore why and how new firms can create relations and stakeholder collaboration with trade unions during industrial start-ups. A case study was carried out in the early phases of a new firm´s major greenfield project aimed at establishing a new industrial domain in a Nordic context. The results showed that early co-operation between a new firm and trade unions has the potential to proactively address prerequisites for sustainable work in design phases of new factories, but also to strengthen the attention to other dimensions of social sustainability that are crucial for an industrial start-up’s longterm possibilities for success. However, specifically in a rapidly growing new firm, there needs to be a systematic approach that incorporates continuous anchoring activities both within and between the stakeholders. Practical implications are how new firms can initiate and establish co-operation with trade unions and other social partners in fast-moving work environments and change processes. Hence, the study identifies advantages and approaches for new firms to build relations  with trade unions in a stakeholder collaboration chain inspired by the Nordic model. Further, to proactively pay attention to dimensions of social sustainability in a new firm´s early development phases and change processes, such as industrial start-ups, seems beneficial from an individual, business, and a societal perspective.

Nyckelord
Entrepreneurship, high-growth, social sustainability, trade union co-operation, production system development
Nationell ämneskategori
Arbetslivsstudier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-52513 (URN)10.46364/ejwi.v6i2.799 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2021-03-08 Skapad: 2021-03-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-06-08
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6583-7763

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