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Rudmark, D., Lindman, J., Tryti, A. & Dammen, B. (2023). Beyond Procurement: How Entur Navigated the Open Source Journey to Advance Public Transport. IEEE Software, 40(4), 62-70
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Beyond Procurement: How Entur Navigated the Open Source Journey to Advance Public Transport
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: IEEE Software, ISSN 0740-7459, E-ISSN 1937-4194, Vol. 40, nr 4, s. 62-70Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This report describes how software professionals at the Norwegian public transport organization Entur use open source processes and tools to leverage digital transformation. Moving software acquisition from procurement to open source and in-house development can deliver value but also entails challenges. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
IEEE Computer Society, 2023
Nyckelord
Open systems, Digital transformation, In-house development, Open-source, Public transport, Software acquisition, Source process, Transport organization, Open source software
Nationell ämneskategori
Programvaruteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-65740 (URN)10.1109/MS.2023.3266482 (DOI)2-s2.0-85164664834 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

Sustainable Development Goals: Sustainable cities and communities (Goal 11). 

Tillgänglig från: 2023-08-08 Skapad: 2023-08-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-08-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Sashiko, M., Rudmark, D. & Östling, A. (2023). En jämförande analys av Mobility Data Specification och alternativa standarder - lärdomar för det svenska transportsystemet.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>En jämförande analys av Mobility Data Specification och alternativa standarder - lärdomar för det svenska transportsystemet
2023 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

A comparative analysis of the Mobility Data Specification and alternative standards - lessons learned for the Swedish transport system

Previous research results show that Mobility Data Specification (MDS) has been developed and widely spread in a relatively short time, and that the use of MDS has helped cities implement regulatory issues relating to e-scooters and also created business opportunities for external software developers (Rudmark et al., 2023). The main purpose of this report is to, through comparative analysis, further explore and evaluate which success factors can explain OMF/MDS's quick results and to make recommendations for the Swedish transport system based on the analysis. Special consideration is also given to how the EU's delegated acts relate to the various standards. The report builds further on results from previous research within the project (Rudmark, 2022a, 2022b; Rudmark et al., 2023). In addition, a number of supplementary interviews have been conducted with individuals with experience from NeTEx, MDS and NOPTIS.

Förlag
s. 24
Serie
RISE Rapport ; 2023:55
Nyckelord
Mobility, Standards, Data formats
Nationell ämneskategori
Systemvetenskap, informationssystem och informatik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-65642 (URN)978-91-89821-09-5 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-06-29 Skapad: 2023-06-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-06-29Bibliografiskt granskad
Ofe, H., Sandberg, J., Rudmark, D. & de Reuver, M. (2023). Introduction to the Minitrack on Privacy, Trust, and Governance in the Data-driven Economy. Paper presented at 56th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS 2023, Virtual, Online. 3 January 2023through 6 January 2023. Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2023-January, 4326-4327
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Introduction to the Minitrack on Privacy, Trust, and Governance in the Data-driven Economy
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Vol. 2023-January, s. 4326-4327Artikel i tidskrift, Editorial material (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
IEEE Computer Society, 2023
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-64332 (URN)2-s2.0-85152126333 (Scopus ID)9780998133164 (ISBN)
Konferens
56th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS 2023, Virtual, Online. 3 January 2023through 6 January 2023
Anmärkning

ISBN 978-099813316-4

Tillgänglig från: 2023-04-21 Skapad: 2023-04-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-04-21Bibliografiskt granskad
Rudmark, D., Sandberg, J. & Watson, R. T. (2023). Lessons from the Regulation of E-scooters through the MDS Standard: Policy Lessons for Connected Vehicles. In: Proceedings of the 56th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences: . Paper presented at 56th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (pp. 1479-1488).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Lessons from the Regulation of E-scooters through the MDS Standard: Policy Lessons for Connected Vehicles
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the 56th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2023, s. 1479-1488Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Connected vehicles generate new data streams that present promising opportunities for policymakers to monitor and learn from events and behavior. To explore what we can learn from how public entities leverage ubiquitous data streams for policy development and enforcement, we draw on a case study of the standard Mobility Data Specification (MDS) and its use by cities to regulate E-scooter operators. Our findings suggest that (1) the richness of real-time data changes the speed of policy revision, (2) data access enables moving some micro-decisions to the edge, and (3) policy will be formulated as fixed or flexible with different amendment rules.

Nyckelord
Smart Mobility Ecosystems and Services, data-driven policy, edge policy formulation, e-scooter governance, mobility data specification, policy learning
Nationell ämneskategori
Systemvetenskap, informationssystem och informatik med samhällsvetenskaplig inriktning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-62396 (URN)978-0-9981331-6-4 (ISBN)
Konferens
56th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
Projekt
Mobility Data Specification - arkitektur, styrning och lärdomar för det svenska transportsystemet
Forskningsfinansiär
Trafikverket, TRV 2020/11902
Tillgänglig från: 2023-01-09 Skapad: 2023-01-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-01-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Östling, A. & Rudmark, D. (2023). Mobility Data Specification (MDS).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Mobility Data Specification (MDS)
2023 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

In recent years, e-scooters have become increasingly common in cities around the world, and municipalities have been working with digital solutions to regulate and monitor their use. The Mobility Data Specification (MDS) is one such standard that many cities use to establish a digital infrastructure for electric scooters. MDS has helped cities with regulatory issues and created business opportunities for outside software developers. This report has particularly focused on business models and ecosystems, semantic interoperability, information security and privacy protection, and data ownership under MDS.

Förlag
s. 15
Serie
RISE Rapport ; 2023:56
Nyckelord
Mobility, Standards, Data Interoperabilty
Nationell ämneskategori
Systemvetenskap, informationssystem och informatik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-65640 (URN)978-91-89821-10-1 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-06-29 Skapad: 2023-06-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-06-29Bibliografiskt granskad
Rudmark, D. & Lindgren, R. (2023). The Design of Open Platforms: Towards an Emulation Theory. In: Proceedings of the 56th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences: . Paper presented at The 56th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (pp. 3735).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Design of Open Platforms: Towards an Emulation Theory
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the 56th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2023, s. 3735-Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The enrolment of third-party developers is essential to leverage the creation and evolution of data ecosystems. When such complementary development takes place without any organizational consent, however, it causes new social and technical problems to be solved. In this paper, we advance platform emulation as a theoretical perspective to explore the nature of such problem-solving in the realm of open platforms. Empirically, our analysis builds on a 10-year action design research effort together with a Swedish authority. Its deliberate change agenda was to transform unsolicited third-party development into a sanctioned data ecosystem, which led to a live open platform that is still in production use. Theoretically, we synthesize and extend received theory on open platforms and offer novel product and process principles for this class of digital platforms.

Nyckelord
Designing Data Ecosystems: Value, Impacts, and Fundamentals, action design research, ecosystems, emulation, open platforms
Nationell ämneskategori
Systemvetenskap, informationssystem och informatik med samhällsvetenskaplig inriktning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-62397 (URN)978-0-9981331-6-4 (ISBN)
Konferens
The 56th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
Tillgänglig från: 2023-01-09 Skapad: 2023-01-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-01-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Rudmark, D. (2022). Cities’ Use of MDS as Soft Digital Infrastructure for Micromobility: Key Findings and Challenges. In: Proceedings of 28th ITS World Congress 2022: Transformation by Transportation. Paper presented at 28th ITS World Congress, Los Angeles, September 18-22, 2022. Los Angeles, USA
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Cities’ Use of MDS as Soft Digital Infrastructure for Micromobility: Key Findings and Challenges
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of 28th ITS World Congress 2022: Transformation by Transportation, Los Angeles, USA, 2022Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

In recent years, the e-scooter has gained exceptional worldwide adoption, and their hybrid vehicle design has placed them in a legislative void. To this end, many cities are developing local regulations to govern and follow-up e-scooter operations within their jurisdiction. As e-scooters are equipped with hardware like SIM cards, GPS sensors, and accelerometers, the vehicles can both collect and act on digital information. Increasingly, cities thus draw on these capabilities using the Mobility Data Specification (MDS) as a soft digital infrastructure to e.g., express local regulations and collect operator data for compliance purposes. This paper uses interview data from European and U.S. cities, e-scooter operators, and systems integrators to provide an overview of the history and components of MDS. The paper also presents cities’ current uses and emerging challenges regarding using MDS for regulation, compliance monitoring, as well as data analytics for physical infrastructure planning.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Los Angeles, USA: , 2022
Nyckelord
Soft Digital Infrastructure, Mobility Data Specification, Micromobility, Mjuk digital infrastruktur, Mobility Data Specification, Mikromobilitet
Nationell ämneskategori
Systemvetenskap, informationssystem och informatik med samhällsvetenskaplig inriktning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-60091 (URN)
Konferens
28th ITS World Congress, Los Angeles, September 18-22, 2022
Projekt
Mobility Data Specification - arkitektur, styrning och lärdomar för det svenska transportsystemet
Forskningsfinansiär
Trafikverket, TRV 2020/119020
Tillgänglig från: 2022-09-08 Skapad: 2022-09-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-11-18Bibliografiskt granskad
Rudmark, D. (2022). Digital infrastruktur för elsparkcyklar: resonemang och råd till kommuner.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Digital infrastruktur för elsparkcyklar: resonemang och råd till kommuner
2022 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [sv]

Den här rapporten riktar sig till dig som söker vägledning om digital infrastruktur och elsparkcyklar, eller har intresse för samspelet mellan policy och digitalisering för elsparkcyklar. Rapporten innehåller sju rekommendationer till kommuner om hur de kan använda den tekniska standarden Mobility Data Specification (MDS) i samband med elsparkcyklar: - MDS är lämpligt för svenska kommuner på kort och medellång sikt. - MDS är möjligt att använda under GDPR, men det behövs nationella riktlinjer för hur kommuner bör hantera MDS under GDPR. - Använd MDS för att uttrycka vissa regler digitalt och bygg också upp central kompetens om hur regler och föreskrifter bäst uttrycks digitalt. - Använd MDS för att följa upp regelefterlevnad men komplettera med fysiska kontroller. Införliva säkerhetsmarginaler i regler och sträva efter öppenhet i uppföljningsalgoritmer. - Använd MDS i planeringssyfte men var uppmärksam på att tolkningen och implementeringen av GDPR påverkar omfattningen av användbarheten. - Ställ krav på att leverantörer publicerar öppna data och överväg om ni kan nyttja en central aktör för att publicera öppna data. - Bygg inte eget systemstöd på kommunnivå. Handla i stället upp en extern systemleverantör eller överväg en gemensam systemlösning. Utveckla samtidigt egen kompetens i kommunen om samspelet mellan systemlösningar och trafikpolicyer. Rekommendationerna bygger primärt på intervjuer med personer som arbetar med frågor om mobilitet och digitala tekniska standarder. Majoriteten av de intervjuade organisationerna har en digital infrastruktur för elsparkcyklar, baserad på MDS. De intervjuade arbetar i städer och kommuner, myndigheter, mobilitetsföretag och företag som arbetar med systemintegration, särskilt med MDS. De intervjuade finns i Sverige, inom EU och i USA.

Förlag
s. 23
Serie
RISE Rapport ; 2022:13
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-58471 (URN)978-91-89561-28-1 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-01-31 Skapad: 2022-01-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-01-31Bibliografiskt granskad
Rudmark, D. & Andersson, M. (2022). Feedback Loops in Open Data Ecosystems. IEEE Software, 39(1)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Feedback Loops in Open Data Ecosystems
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: IEEE Software, ISSN 0740-7459, E-ISSN 1937-4194, Vol. 39, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Public agencies are increasingly publishing open data to increase transparency and fuel data-driven innovation. For these organizations, maintaining sufficient data quality is key to continuous re-use but also heavily dependent on feedback loops being initiated between data publishers and users. This paper reports from a longitudinal engagement with Scandinavian transportation agencies, where such feedback loops have been successfully established. Based on these experiences, we propose four distinct types of data feedback loops in which both data publishers and re-users play critical roles.

Nyckelord
Open data, Feedback loop, Internet, Roads, Navigation, Feeds, Collaboration
Nationell ämneskategori
Programvaruteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-56732 (URN)10.1109/ms.2021.3116874 (DOI)2-s2.0-85116877836 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2021-10-04 Skapad: 2021-10-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-01Bibliografiskt granskad
Apanasevic, T. & Rudmark, D. (2021). Crowdsourcing and Public Transportation: Barriers and Opportunities. In: Proc of 23rd ITS Biennial Conference: . Paper presented at 23rd Biennial Conference of the International Telecommunications Society (ITS): "Digital societies and industrial transformations: Policies, markets, and technologies in a post-Covid world", Online Conference / Gothenburg, Sweden, 21st-23rd June, 2021.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Crowdsourcing and Public Transportation: Barriers and Opportunities
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proc of 23rd ITS Biennial Conference, 2021Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

In the last decade, private companies have successfully used crowdsourcing to revolutionise mobility, while public transport companies are still mostly failing to utilise the benefits of crowdsourcing. The application of crowdsourcing in public transport is a new area of academic research, and research on crowdsourcing en route in real-time is missing. This research aims to address this gap, explore opportunities and challenges of this type of crowdsourcing, and conceptualise this phenomenon. The research is based on empirical data collected in five Northern European countries. Our research findings help identify areas where crowdsourcing en route can add value to public transport: new forms of communication, opportunities to communicate with third parties, and improved transit planning and optimisation. Identified challenges are related to behavioural change for users, a need to develop infrastructure to enable crowdsourcing en route, and financial rationalities.

Nyckelord
Future of transportation public; transportation, emerging technologies, automated vehicles; crowdsourcing
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-56391 (URN)
Konferens
23rd Biennial Conference of the International Telecommunications Society (ITS): "Digital societies and industrial transformations: Policies, markets, and technologies in a post-Covid world", Online Conference / Gothenburg, Sweden, 21st-23rd June, 2021
Tillgänglig från: 2021-09-08 Skapad: 2021-09-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-09Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3554-2267

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