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Francart, N., Höjer, M., Mjörnell, K., Sargon Orahim, A., von Platten, J. & Malmqvist, T. (2020). Sharing indoor space: stakeholders’ perspectives and energy metrics. Buildings and Cities, 1(1), 70-85
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Sharing indoor space: stakeholders’ perspectives and energy metrics
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2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Buildings and Cities, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 70-85Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The sharing of indoor space can improve space and energy efficiency. The drivers and barriers to space-sharing initiatives are investigated from the perspectives of building users and building sector practitioners, based on interviews and a workshop. The role of energy performance metrics in promoting space efficiency is further analysed through a literature review. From the users’ perspective, space sharing can be understood through the interplay between tangible aspects (e.g. concrete benefits derived from sharing), organisational aspects (e.g. common decision processes and conflict resolution) and social aspects (e.g. group identity and consensus on appropriate behaviours). From the perspective of architects and property owners, shareable spaces require features such as flexibility and multifunctionality. The design of such spaces is limited by regulatory issues (e.g. building regulations poorly accommodate shared facilities) and business-related issues. One such issue is that building performance metrics normalised based on floor area do not incentivise the efficient use of space. A review of complementary metrics is provided, covering parameters such as number of users, layout, time of use, etc. Each metric serves a particular purpose; therefore, a set of complementary metrics can be used to support decisions at different phases of the building’s life cycle.

Practice relevanceImproving space efficiency (e.g. by sharing indoor space) is a key strategy to meet simultaneously the future demand for facilities in cities and fulfil environmental objectives such as a reduction of climate change impact in the building sector. A clearer understanding of the specificities of space sharing is provided from the perspectives of building users and practitioners. This will assist practitioners to understand the needs of other stakeholders. Regulatory and business-related barriers to space-sharing initiatives are highlighted as a first step towards overcoming these barriers. Guidance is provided on complementary energy performance metrics appropriate for space efficiency. These metrics can be used to support various decisions during the different stages of a building’s life cycle.

Nyckelord
co-housing; coworking; energy; indicator; metric; sharing; space efficiency
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-44987 (URN)10.5334/bc.34 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-05-19 Skapad: 2020-05-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-05-19Bibliografiskt granskad
Mjörnell, K. (2020). The Role of Trans-Disciplinary Research in Sustainable Renovation. Journal of Management and Sustainability, 10
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Role of Trans-Disciplinary Research in Sustainable Renovation
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Management and Sustainability, ISSN 1925-4725, Vol. 10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The paper discusses the role of trans-disciplinary research networks tackling the challenges of sustainablerenovation such as; environmental impact of substitute building materials and waste, relocation of tenants, lackof skilled labor, rent increase due to high renovation costs, and provides a detailed perspective on the effects interms of both new forms of collaboration and research results obtained by the researchers and practitionerswithin the network. The research network Sustainable Integrated Renovation SIRen has become a platform forresearchers and actors such as building owners, housing companies, facility managers, contractors, consultants,architects, building conservationists, authorities and tenants’ organisations to meet and work together ontechnical, environmental, economic, social and cultural historical aspects on renovation of buildings, as well asto identify and discuss new challenges. A multi-aspect process covering all aspects that must be considered bythe various actors during different stages of the renovation process has been developed and implemented in four‘Living Labs’ in real renovation projects. This involved using new modes of work in early stages to place thefocus on sustainability aspects and work on new dialogue methods and using methods to evaluate the variousrenovation options based on technical, environmental, economic, social and cultural historical perspectives.

Nyckelord
sustainable renovation, trans-disciplinary research environment, collaboration arena, multi-aspect
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-42142 (URN)10.5539/jms.v10n1p1 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-12-16 Skapad: 2019-12-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-28Bibliografiskt granskad
von Platten, J., Sandels, C., Jörgensson, K., Karlsson, V., Mangold, M. & Mjörnell, K. (2020). Using Machine Learning to Enrich Building Databases—Methods for Tailored Energy Retrofits. energies, 13(10)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Using Machine Learning to Enrich Building Databases—Methods for Tailored Energy Retrofits
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2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: energies, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 13, nr 10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Building databases are important assets when estimating and planning for national energy savings from energy retrofitting. However, databases often lack information on building characteristics needed to determine the feasibility of specific energy conservation measures. In this paper, machine learning methods are used to enrich the Swedish database of Energy Performance Certificates with building characteristics relevant for a chosen set of energy retrofitting packages. The study is limited to the Swedish multifamily building stock constructed between 1945 and 1975, as these buildings are facing refurbishment needs that advantageously can be combined with energy retrofitting. In total, 514 ocular observations were conducted in Google Street View of two building characteristics that were needed to determine the feasibility of the chosen energy retrofitting packages: (i) building type and (ii) suitability for additional façade insulation. Results showed that these building characteristics could be predicted with an accuracy of 88.9% and 72.5% respectively. It could be concluded that machine learning methods show promising potential to enrich building databases with building characteristics relevant for energy retrofitting, which in turn can improve estimations of national energy savings potential.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
MDPI, 2020
Nyckelord
building database enrichment, machine learning, artificial intelligence, Google Street View, energy performance certificate, support vector machine, energy retrofitting, energy transition, building-specific information, long-term renovation strategy
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-44988 (URN)10.3390/en13102574 (DOI)
Anmärkning

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Performance of Buildings)

Tillgänglig från: 2020-05-19 Skapad: 2020-05-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-05-19Bibliografiskt granskad
(2019). Hållbar renoveringur ett helhetsperspektiv: En antologi från forskningsmiljön SIRen.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Hållbar renoveringur ett helhetsperspektiv: En antologi från forskningsmiljön SIRen
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2019 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [sv]

Innehållsförteckning:

- Förord  av Madeleine Nobs, NCC

- Innehållsförteckning

- Tvärdisciplinär forskning möjliggör hållbar integrerad renovering av Kristina Mjörnell, RISE och Lunds Universitet

- SIRens-process för hållbar renovering med uppföljning av Petter Wallentén, Lunds Universitet, Kristina Mjörnell, RISE och Lunds Universitet

- Praktisk tillämpning av SIRens renoveringsprocess av Sofia Meurk, Omreda AB

- Varsam energieffektiv renovering – Tjärna ängar Borlänge av Jonn Are Myhren, Högskolan Dalarna, Martin Bergdahl, Högskolan Dalarna

- Sociala perspektiv på termisk komfort vid renovering av Tjärna Ängar av Annette Henning, Högskolan Dalarna, Jonn Are Myhren, Högskolan Dalarna, Maria Wallinder, Högskolan Dalarna och Linköpings universitet

- Från omfattande till varsam renovering av Paula Femenías, Chalmers Tekniska högskola, Sara Hamon, Familjebostäder, Jospehina Wilson, Familjebostäder, Per-Henrik Hartman Familjebostäder, Kristina Mjörnell, RISE och Lunds Universitet

- Beslutsfattande i tidiga skeden vid renovering av skolbyggnad av Karin Farsäter, Lunds Universitet, Stefan Olander, Lunds Universitet

- Lyckad renovering av miljonprogramsområde i Munkedal  av Anna Rudhag, Rotpartner

- Kunskapslyft renovering av Liane Thuvander, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola, Paula Femenías, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola, Fredrik Olsson, Rotpartner, Angelica Starke, Rotpartner

- ”Örat mot marken” Kartbaserad metodik för boendeinflytande i stadsutveckling av Liane Thuvander, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola, Jenny Stenberg, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola, Alfredo Torrez, Hyresgästföreningen, Kim Weinehammar, Hyresgästföreningen, Jesper Bryngelsson, Hyresgästföreningen

- Hyresgästsamråd vid renovering – fyra dilemman av Jenny Stenberg, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola

- Kulturvärden och hållbar renovering av Petra Eriksson, Uppsala universitet, Campus Gotland, Anna Donarelli, Riksantikvarieämbetet, Therese Sonehag, Riksantikvarieämbetet

- Hållbar energieffektivisering av historiska trä- och stenbyggnader med hampa-kalk av Paulien Strandberg-de Bruijn, Lunds Universitet, Kristin Balksten, Uppsala universitet Campus Gotland, Anna Donarelli, Riksantikvarieämbetet

- Superisoleringsmaterial – hur kan de användas vid renovering? av Pär Johansson, Chalmers tekniska högskola, Petra Eriksson, Uppsala Universitet,Paula Wahlgren, Chalmers tekniska högskola

- Kulturvärden i planeringsprocessen - kulturmiljöprogram som kunskapsunderlag av Sanja Peter, Göteborgs stad

- Varför är det så ont om Q? av Jennie Sjöholm, Luleå Tekniska Universitet, Kristina L Nilsson, Luleå Tekniska Universitet

- Installation av FTX – ett sätt att få lägre energianvändning och bättre innemiljö  av Dennis Johansson, Lunds Universitet, Akram Abdul Hamid, Lunds Universitet, Hans Bagge, Lunds Universitet, Jan Kristoffersson, Sustainable Innovation

- Mäta resursförbrukning under ombyggnad  av Jan Bröchner, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola, Ahmet Anil Sezer, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola

- Relining eller rörbyte  av Folke Björk, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Parastou Kharazmi, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Tord af Klintberg, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan

- Vad står det i lagar och regler om renovering?  av Elisabeth Helsing, RISE

Förlag
s. 148
Serie
SIRen rapport, ISSN 0349-4950 ; 2019:02
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-41069 (URN)978-91-88722-65-2 (ISBN)
Anmärkning

Antologin är utgiven med stöd av Formas.ISRN LUTVDG/TVBH--19/3070—SE

Tillgänglig från: 2019-12-10 Skapad: 2019-12-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-12-10
Mjörnell, K. & Olsson, L. (2019). Moisture safety of wooden buildings – design, construction and operation. Journal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering, 24(1), 29-35
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Moisture safety of wooden buildings – design, construction and operation
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering, ISSN 2029-9990, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 29-35Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

During the last decade, building in wood has increased, mainly due to environmental awareness and targets to decrease the carbon footprint originated from the production of building materials. New technologies such as CLT (cross laminated timber) have accelerated the construction of multi-story wooden buildings. The CLT structure has been used both for housing and offices. Due to the extensive size of the buildings and relatively fast assembly of the buildings, weather protection has not always been used. It is commonly known that building materials sensitive to moisture need to be protected against high moisture conditions and water during construction. If this is not done, there is an increased risk of microbial growth which can result in health problems for future users of the building, extensive costs for the remediation and exchange of materials, but also lack of trust in the construction industry. There are disagreements between the building industry and researchers how sensitive wooden buildings are to exposure to high moisture levels and water during storage at sites and construction. Based on results from several research projects studying moisture conditions both in the laboratory and in the field, recommendations for procurement, storage and handling of wood during construction to assure moisture safety are suggested in this paper.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Kauno Technologijos Universitetas, 2019
Nyckelord
CLT, Guidance, Massive wooden buildings, Moisture safety, Mould growth
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-39928 (URN)10.5755/j01.sace.24.1.22341 (DOI)2-s2.0-85071775890 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-09-19 Skapad: 2019-09-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-09-19Bibliografiskt granskad
Mjörnell, K., Femenías, P. & Annadotter, K. (2019). Renovation Strategies for Multi-Residential Buildings from the Record Years in Sweden—Profit-Driven or Socioeconomically Responsible?. Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy, 11, Article ID 6988.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Renovation Strategies for Multi-Residential Buildings from the Record Years in Sweden—Profit-Driven or Socioeconomically Responsible?
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy, ISSN 1548-7733, E-ISSN 1548-7733, Vol. 11, artikel-id 6988Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

An important part of the multi-family housing stock in Sweden was built during the recordyears 1961–1975 and is in need of extensive renovation to be modernized. The stock is also at the center of political discussion of how to sustain ‘good housing for all’, especially in the rental sector. These renovation needs coincide with present energy targets and provides an opportunity to combine renovation with energy eciency measures. Common for many of these buildings are that neglected maintenance has led to technical shortcomings, such as high energy use and low thermal comfort due to bad insulation, unsatisfactory air tightness and leaky windows, inecient heating systems and insucient ventilation, and moisture damage due to leaking building envelope and leaking pipes. However, the people living in these buildings are not willing to or cannot afford to pay the higher rents that extensive renovations would entail. Earlier research has highlighted the broader societal problem of energy renovations, but also that of housing companies’ priority of measures with short paybacktimes, and those that give the possibility to raise rents. However, recent observations indicated a tendency towards more holistic approaches to housing renovation, and this study was initiated to investigate how public and private housing companies deal with renovation levels, rent increases and related social problems. The main conclusions are that sustainability and social responsibility a removing up on agendas in the public sector, but also, apparently, in the renovations strategies among the private companies. What is also seen is a trend moving from extensive total renovations to more tenant-adapted and step-by-step renovations. Renovation options which do not entail such large rentincreases are increasingly being seen. Implications are that housing owners favor gentle renovation with reasonable rent increases of 10%–20%, which at the same time, may be a drawback for reaching energy eciency targets.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
MDPI, 2019
Nyckelord
sustainable; renovation; multi-residential buildings; aordable housing
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-40949 (URN)10.3390/su11246988 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-12-10 Skapad: 2019-12-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-12-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Mjörnell, K., Johansson, D. & Bagge, H. (2019). The Effect of High Occupancy Density on IAQ, Moisture Conditions and Energy Use in Apartments. Energies, 12(23), Article ID 4454.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Effect of High Occupancy Density on IAQ, Moisture Conditions and Energy Use in Apartments
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 12, nr 23, artikel-id 4454Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Apartments built in Sweden during the record years 1961–1975 with the aim to remedy thehousing shortage and abolish poor standards, were designed for a normal-sized family of 2–4 persons.The mechanical ventilation system, if existing, was primarily designed to ensure an air exchange inthe apartment according to Swedish building regulations. During the last few years, the number ofovercrowded apartments has increased due to housing shortage in general but also due to migration.Another aspect is that the ventilation in many apartments built during the record years is alreadyinsucient at normal occupant load. The question is how doubling or tripling the number ofoccupants and thus, the moisture load will aect the risk of bad air quality and moisture damage.To find out, simulations were made to estimate whether it is possible to obtain sucient air qualityand low risk of moisture damage by only increasing the ventilation rates in existing systems orintroducing new ventilation systems with and without heat recovery and what the consequencewould be in terms of the additional energy demand. Measurements from earlier studies of CO2 andmoisture supply in Swedish apartment buildings were used as input data.

Nyckelord
occupancy density; moisture conditions; energy use; indoor air quality; ventilation rate
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-40853 (URN)10.3390/en12234454 (DOI)2-s2.0-85076137008 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy and Technical Building Systems - Scientific and Technological Advances)

Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-22 Skapad: 2019-11-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-02-07Bibliografiskt granskad
von Platten, J., Holmberg, C., Mangold, M., Johansson, T. & Mjörnell, K. (2019). The renewing of Energy Performance Certificates—Reaching comparability between decade-apart energy records. Applied Energy, 255, Article ID 113902.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The renewing of Energy Performance Certificates—Reaching comparability between decade-apart energy records
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2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 255, artikel-id 113902Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Energy Performance Certificates are currently one of the most extensive data sources about the energy performance of the EUs building stock and consequently provide support for researchers and policy makers in energy regulation. As Energy Performance Certificates are being renewed, there are new possibilities to study energy performance development over time and to evaluate the building-specific effect of energy policies and measures. This paper aims to explore this possibility. In Sweden, owners of multifamily buildings had to obtain their first Energy Performance Certificate no later than the end of 2008, and with a period of validity of 10 years many owners have now obtained a second Energy Performance Certificate for their building(s). This enables unprecedented quantitative, building-specific evaluations of the change in energy performance over time. However, comparability between old and new Energy Performance Certificates must be assured. This study develops a novel three-step method to attain comparability between old and renewed Energy Performance Certificates. Results show that while many pairs of Energy Performance Certificates were considered comparable, procedural changes in methods for determining heated floor area in Swedish Energy Performance Certificates caused an overestimation of energy performance improvement of approximately 7 kWh/m2 per building which had to be corrected for. The results of this paper indicate that old and renewed Energy Performance Certificates can be utilised to successfully map development of energy performance and enable evaluation of the impact on energy performance from policies and measures that have been carried out between the two points of audit. © 2019 The Authors

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier Ltd, 2019
Nyckelord
Building stock, Energy efficiency, Energy Performance Certificate, Evidence-based policy, Long-Term Renovation Strategy, Renovation, Buildings, Energy policy, Building stocks, Energy performance, Evidence-based
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap Naturvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-39972 (URN)10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.113902 (DOI)2-s2.0-85072216520 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

Funding details: Svenska Forskningsrådet Formas, 2017-01449; Funding text 1: The authors would like to thank the Swedish authorities Boverket and Energimyndigheten for their collaborative approach to providing data and utilising the works of this paper in the update of the Swedish Long-Term Renovation Strategy. This work was supported by The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas) [grant number 2017-01449 ] within the project National Building-Specific Information (NBI). The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. Appendix A . Tables A.1–A.4 Energy performance Energy performance is the yearly, temperature corrected, and area-normalised energy used for heating, domestic hot water, and building electricity for lighting and ventilation. Domestic electricity use is not included.

Tillgänglig från: 2019-10-09 Skapad: 2019-10-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-31Bibliografiskt granskad
Mangold, M., Mjörnell, K., Durgun, Ö. & Johansson, T. (2018). Fastighetsägares förutsättningar för renovering av sina byggnadsbestånd från miljonprogramstiden. Bygg&Teknik, 2
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Fastighetsägares förutsättningar för renovering av sina byggnadsbestånd från miljonprogramstiden
2018 (Svenska)Ingår i: Bygg&Teknik, ISSN 0281-658X, Vol. 2Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Byggsektorn står inför ett stort renoveringsbehov. Byggnader från miljonprogramstiden har nått en ålder då många olika byggnadsdelar når sin förväntade livslängd. Detta renoveringsbehov är inte jämnt fördelat bland Sveriges fastighetsägare. Det stora flertalet av de ännu ej renoverade byggnaderna från miljonprogramstiden ägs av fastighetsbolag knutna till SABO, men det finns även många privata fastighetsägare och bostadsrättsföreningar som har ett eftersläpande renoveringsbehov eller som har renoverat men fortfarande har en hög energianvändning och alltså troligtvis inte genomfört nödvändiga energieffektiviseringsåtgärder. Det finns också olika förutsättningar för att göra de investeringar som krävs, vilket beror på företagens soliditet, fastigheternas värde och möjligheten att få lån, utrymme för hyresökning etc. Detta gör att renoveringstakten inte kommer att täcka renoveringsbehovet och att vissa delar av fastighetsbeståndet kommer att vara mer eftersatt.

Nyckelord
Fastighetsägare, renovering, energianvändning, hyresökning, social hållbarhet
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljöanalys och bygginformationsteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-36095 (URN)
Projekt
Nationell Byggnadsspecifik Information
Forskningsfinansiär
Forskningsrådet Formas
Tillgänglig från: 2018-11-09 Skapad: 2018-11-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-06-27Bibliografiskt granskad
Höjer, M. & Mjörnell, K. (2018). Measures and Steps for More Efficient Use of Buildings. Sustainability, 10(6), Article ID 1949.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Measures and Steps for More Efficient Use of Buildings
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Sustainability, ISSN 20711050, Vol. 10, nr 6, artikel-id 1949Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

As urbanization continues and more people move into cities and urban areas, pressure on availablelandfornewconstructionswillcontinuetoincrease. Thissituationconstitutesanincentiveto reviewtheneedforinteriorspaceandusesofexistingbuildings. Agreatdealcanbegainedfromusing existingbuildingsmoreefficientlyinsteadofconstructingnewones: Reducedresourceusageduring construction(investments,naturalresources,andenergy),operation,andmaintenance;moreactivityper squaremeterofbuildingscreatesagreaterbasisforpublictransportandotherservices;moreintensive useofbuildingscreatesamorevibrantcitywithoutbuildingonvirginland. Theaimofthispaperisto initiateadiscussionregardinghowdigitalizationcanaffectthedemandandsupplyofinteriorspace in existing buildings and elaborate on how policy can support more resource-efficient uses of space. New activity-based resource measurements intended for use in buildings are proposed, and several principles that have the potential to decrease environmental impact through more efficient usage of space are outlined. Based on these ideas for encouraging the flexible use of building spaces that are facilitatedbydigitalizationandthenewmeasurementapproaches,afour-stepprincipleforconstruction isproposed: Thefirststepistoreducethedemandforspace,thesecondistointensifyusageofexisting space, the third is to reconstruct and adapt existing buildings to current needs, and the fourth is to constructnewbuildings. Urgingpolitical,municipal,construction,andreal-estatedecisionmakersto contemplatethisprinciple,particularlyinviewofthenewconditionsthatdigitalizationentails,willlead tomoresustainableconstructionand,inthelongterm,asustainablebuiltenvironment.

Nyckelord
resource use; energy use; interior space utilization; buildings; sharing; digitalizatio
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-33929 (URN)10.3390/su10061949 (DOI)2-s2.0-85048257456 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-11 Skapad: 2018-06-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-09
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3863-0740

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