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Axelsson, J. & Eriksson, P. (2023). Higher-Level Capabilities of System-of-Systems Constituents: A Case of Industrial Ecosystems. In: 2023 18th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SoSe 2023: . Paper presented at 18th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SoSe 2023. Lille, France. 14 June through 16 June 2023. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Higher-Level Capabilities of System-of-Systems Constituents: A Case of Industrial Ecosystems
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: 2023 18th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SoSe 2023, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2023Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

In a system-of-systems, independent constituent systems collaborate to achieve broader capabilities they cannot provide on their own. This paper investigates the nature of the constituent system capabilities beyond basic operational actions, to achieve a deeper understanding of what is required to participate in a system-of-systems. Through a case study of industrial ecosystems, the need is shown for planning how to use basic operational capabilities, for dynamic capabilities to achieve long-term evolution, and for resilience capabilities to deal with perturbations. This also affects the governance of the system. The findings are used to extend an existing conceptual model of constituent systems and to characterize collaboration in a system-of-systems that implements a value network. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2023
Nyckelord
capability models, constituent systems, industrial ecosystem, production planning, systems-of-systems, value network, Ecosystems, Long Term Evolution (LTE), Production control, Capability model, Case-studies, Constituent system, Dynamics capability, Industrial ecosystems, Operational capabilities, System capabilities, System-of-systems, System of systems
Nationell ämneskategori
Elektroteknik och elektronik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-66026 (URN)10.1109/SoSE59841.2023.10178670 (DOI)2-s2.0-85166737113 (Scopus ID)9798350327236 (ISBN)
Konferens
18th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SoSe 2023. Lille, France. 14 June through 16 June 2023
Anmärkning

Funding Agency: Vinnova 2021-02499, Knowledge Foundation 20200230.

Tillgänglig från: 2023-08-15 Skapad: 2023-08-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-08-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Besker, T., Franke, U. & Axelsson, J. (2023). Navigating the Cyber-Security Risks and Economics of System-of-Systems. In: 2023 18th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SoSe 2023: . Paper presented at 2023 18th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SoSe 2023. Lille, France. 14 June 2023 through 16 June 2023. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Navigating the Cyber-Security Risks and Economics of System-of-Systems
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: 2023 18th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SoSe 2023, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2023Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Cybersecurity is an important concern in systems-of-systems (SoS), where the effects of cyber incidents, whether deliberate attacks or unintentional mistakes, can propagate from an individual constituent system (CS) throughout the entire SoS. Unfortunately, the security of an SoS cannot be guaranteed by separately addressing the security of each CS. Security must also be addressed at the SoS level. This paper reviews some of the most prominent cybersecurity risks within the SoS research field and combines this with the cyber and information security economics perspective. This sets the scene for a structured assessment of how various cyber risks can be addressed in different SoS architectures. More precisely, the paper discusses the effectiveness and appropriateness of five cybersecurity policy options in each of the four assessed SoS archetypes and concludes that cybersecurity risks should be addressed using both traditional design-focused and more novel policy-oriented tools. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2023
Nyckelord
Cyber Security Investment, Cybersecurity, Economics, Incentives, System-of-Systems, Risk assessment, System of systems, Cybe security investment, Cyber security, Entire system, Incentive, Securities investments, Security Economics, Security risks, System levels
Nationell ämneskategori
Datorsystem
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-65973 (URN)10.1109/SoSE59841.2023.10178677 (DOI)2-s2.0-85166741236 (Scopus ID)9798350327236 (ISBN)
Konferens
2023 18th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SoSe 2023. Lille, France. 14 June 2023 through 16 June 2023
Tillgänglig från: 2023-08-24 Skapad: 2023-08-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-08-24Bibliografiskt granskad
Olsson, T. & Axelsson, J. (2023). Systems-of-Systems and Digital Twins: A Survey and Analysis of the Current Knowledge. In: 2023 18th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SoSe 2023: . Paper presented at 2023 18th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SoSe 2023. Lille, France. 14 June 2023 through 16 June 2023. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Systems-of-Systems and Digital Twins: A Survey and Analysis of the Current Knowledge
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: 2023 18th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SoSe 2023, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2023Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Understanding the needs and constraints of systems in general and a system-of-systems in particular can be challenging, yet crucial. Relying only on upfront activities will not be sufficient. Important information can be gathered around the performance and behavior of the system as well as stakeholder needs in operation. A digital twin is a way to model and understand the operation of a system. To understand the challenges and enablers related to digital twins in a system-of-systems context, we performed a literature study. In total, only 10 papers were identified that explicitly address this topic, all from the last five years, indicating that this is an active field of research. The papers revealed that definitions and terminology are unclear and that similar challenges as for systems-of-systems also exist for systems-of-digital twins. The complexity and dynamic nature of systems-of-systems motivate further study of digital twins to understand needs and constraints. However, key challenges such as concepts and principles of digital twins for systems-of-systems, cost and benefits, and evolution needs to be better understood.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2023
Nyckelord
digital twins, literature review, System-of-systems, 'current, Active field, Cost and benefits, Dynamic nature, Literature reviews, Literature studies, Performance, Survey and analysis, System costs, System of systems
Nationell ämneskategori
Datorsystem
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-65940 (URN)10.1109/SoSE59841.2023.10178527 (DOI)2-s2.0-85166737759 (Scopus ID)9798350327236 (ISBN)
Konferens
2023 18th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SoSe 2023. Lille, France. 14 June 2023 through 16 June 2023
Anmärkning

This research was in part funded by Vinnova (Sweden’s innovation agency), grant no. 2021-02499.

Tillgänglig från: 2023-08-24 Skapad: 2023-08-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-12-22Bibliografiskt granskad
Martin, J., Axelsson, J., Carlson, J. & Suryadevara, J. (2023). Towards a Core Ontology for Missions and Capabilities in Systems of Systems. In: 2023 18th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference (SoSe): . Paper presented at 2023 18th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference (SoSe).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Towards a Core Ontology for Missions and Capabilities in Systems of Systems
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: 2023 18th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference (SoSe), 2023Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This study presents a core ontology for missions and capabilities in systems of systems. The aim of the study is to create artifacts that facilitate precise understanding of fundamental concepts of SoS. An ontological approach proposes and develops taxonomic homogeneity and structural knowledge of SoS. The ontology development process involved workshop sessions with industry experts and meta modelling of the different concepts and their relationships. The ontology includes thirteen concepts of types physical things, people, information and mixed. These concepts are defined and their relations are briefly described. The developed ontology is further illustrated using a wildfire scenario case study.

Nationell ämneskategori
Data- och informationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-68616 (URN)10.1109/SoSE59841.2023.10178557 (DOI)
Konferens
2023 18th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference (SoSe)
Anmärkning

This research was funded by KKS, grant no. 2020-0230.

Tillgänglig från: 2023-12-18 Skapad: 2023-12-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-12-18Bibliografiskt granskad
Svenson, P., Olsson, T. & Axelsson, J. (2022). Constituent Systems Quality Requirements Engineering in Co-opetitive Systems of Systems. In: 2022 17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022: . Paper presented at 17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022, 7 June 2022 through 11 June 2022 (pp. 347-352). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Constituent Systems Quality Requirements Engineering in Co-opetitive Systems of Systems
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: 2022 17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2022, s. 347-352Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Systems of systems consist of independently owned, operated, and developed constituent systems that work together for mutual benefit. Co-opetitive systems of systems consist of constituent systems that in addition also compete. In this paper, we focus on quality requirement engineering for a constituent systems developer in such SoS. We discuss the needs and requirements of a structured quality requirements engineering process, with examples taken from the transportation domain, and find that there is a need for mediators and agreements between constituent systems developers to enable quality data exchange. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2022
Nyckelord
collaborative systems of systems, Quality requirements engineering, Electronic data interchange, System of systems, Collaborative system of system, Collaborative systems, Mutual benefit, Quality requirement engineering, Quality requirements, Requirement engineering, Requirement engineering process, System developers, System quality, System-of-systems, Requirements engineering
Nationell ämneskategori
Mänsklig interaktion med IKT
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-60074 (URN)10.1109/SOSE55472.2022.9812663 (DOI)2-s2.0-85135124475 (Scopus ID)9781665496230 (ISBN)
Konferens
17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022, 7 June 2022 through 11 June 2022
Anmärkning

Funding details: VINNOVA, 2019-05100; Funding text 1: This research was funded by Vinnova (Sweden’s innovation agency), grant no. 2019-05100.

Tillgänglig från: 2022-09-05 Skapad: 2022-09-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-22Bibliografiskt granskad
Svenson, P. & Axelsson, J. (2022). Initiation and Formation of Constellations in Systems of Systems. In: 2022 17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022: . Paper presented at 17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022, 7 June 2022 through 11 June 2022 (pp. 340-345). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Initiation and Formation of Constellations in Systems of Systems
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: 2022 17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2022, s. 340-345Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Systems of systems engineering is aimed at developing solutions that provide the capability to fulfil a need that cannot be met by an integrated system. In many SoS, there is a need to solve several tasks at the same time. Each set of constituent systems that collaborate to solve such a task is a constellation. In this paper, we discuss the process of forming such constellations. We focus on collaborative systems of systems and describe conceptual models for the formation of constellations. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2022
Nyckelord
capability, constellation, mission, systems of systems, transport, Collaborative systems, Conceptual model, Developing solutions, Integrated systems, System of systems engineering, System-of-systems, System of systems
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-60072 (URN)10.1109/SOSE55472.2022.9812675 (DOI)2-s2.0-85135128184 (Scopus ID)9781665496230 (ISBN)
Konferens
17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022, 7 June 2022 through 11 June 2022
Anmärkning

Funding details: VINNOVA, 2019-05100; Funding text 1: This research was funded by Vinnova (Sweden’s innovation agency), grant no. 2019-05100.

Tillgänglig från: 2022-09-05 Skapad: 2022-09-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-22Bibliografiskt granskad
Axelsson, J. & Svenson, P. (2022). On the Concepts of Capability and Constituent System Independence in Systems-of-Systems. In: 2022 17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022: . Paper presented at 17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022, 7 June 2022 through 11 June 2022 (pp. 247-252). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>On the Concepts of Capability and Constituent System Independence in Systems-of-Systems
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: 2022 17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2022, s. 247-252Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Systems-of-systems are designed to provide a capability that their constituent systems cannot achieve individually. A key property is that the constituent systems have some degree of operational and managerial independence. The concepts of capability and independence are thus central to the field of systems-of-systems. Yet the contemporary literature and standards only give vague definitions of these terms. This vagueness is a barrier to progress in the field, and this paper aims at contributing with a more detailed conceptualization. It describes a system capability as a state-transforming process that uses certain resources. Independence means that the system has a choice about when and how its capabilities should be activated. This requires that the system is an intelligent agent with a notion of utility, a perception of the world around it, and a decision-making capability. When given a mission, the system can complete that mission by activating appropriate combinations of capabilities. A system-of-systems can decompose its mission into parts that correspond to the capabilities of various constituent systems.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2022
Nyckelord
capability, constellation, independence, mission, system-of-systems, Decision making, Intelligent agents, Decisions makings, Property, System capabilities, System of systems
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-60075 (URN)10.1109/SOSE55472.2022.9812682 (DOI)2-s2.0-85135118603 (Scopus ID)9781665496230 (ISBN)
Konferens
17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022, 7 June 2022 through 11 June 2022
Anmärkning

 Funding details: VINNOVA; Funding details: Stiftelsen för Kunskaps- och Kompetensutveckling, KKS, 20200230; Funding text 1: grant no. 2019-05100 and the Knowledge Foundation, grant no. 20200230.; Funding text 2: This research was funded by Vinnova (Sweden’s innovation agency),

Tillgänglig från: 2022-09-05 Skapad: 2022-09-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-22Bibliografiskt granskad
Axelsson, J. (2022). Systems-of-Systems Design Patterns: A Systematic Literature Review and Synthesis. In: 2022 17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022: . Paper presented at 17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022, 7 June 2022 through 11 June 2022 (pp. 171-176). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Systems-of-Systems Design Patterns: A Systematic Literature Review and Synthesis
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: 2022 17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2022, s. 171-176Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Design patterns are an established approach for reusing knowledge about good solutions to recurring problems. Patterns can be seen as a way of describing the best practices, and have been used in many different fields, ranging from building architecture and city planning to software development. There are also scattered results relating to patterns for systems-of-systems. The purpose of this paper is to summarize and review the literature on patterns for systems-of-systems and make a synthesis of a recommended approach for the field. Specifically, the novel contributions of the paper are to propose a consolidated structure for describing individual patterns and suggest the dimensions along which a pattern catalog can be organized. The paper also summarizes the concrete patterns suggested in the existing literature and classifies them according to the recommended structure. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2022
Nyckelord
architecture, literature review, patterns, styles, System-of-systems, Software design, Architecture and cities, Best practices, Design Patterns, Literature reviews, Pattern, Style, Systematic literature review, Systems-of-systems design, System of systems
Nationell ämneskategori
Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-60076 (URN)10.1109/SOSE55472.2022.9812681 (DOI)2-s2.0-85135110755 (Scopus ID)9781665496230 (ISBN)
Konferens
17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022, 7 June 2022 through 11 June 2022
Anmärkning

Funding details: VINNOVA, 2019-05100, 2021-02499; Funding text 1: This research was funded by Vinnova, Sweden’s Innovation Agency, under grants nos. 2019-05100 and 2021-02499.

Tillgänglig från: 2022-09-05 Skapad: 2022-09-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-22Bibliografiskt granskad
Axelsson, J. (2022). What Systems Engineers Should Know About Emergence. In: INCOSE International Symposium: . Paper presented at 32nd Annual INCOSE International Symposium. Detroit, USA. June 25-30, 2022. (pp. 1070-1084). , 32:1
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>What Systems Engineers Should Know About Emergence
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: INCOSE International Symposium, 2022, Vol. 32:1, s. 1070-1084Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The concept of emergence refers to phenomena that occur on a system level without being present at the level of elements in the system. Since a system is created to achieve certain emergent system-level behavior, while avoiding other emergent properties, a deeper understanding of emergence is crucial to further the field of systems engineering. It has also been identified as one of the key aspects of systems-of-systems. However, the concept has been the topic of much debate in philosophy, systems science, and complexity science for a long time, and there is yet no precise characterization on which there is general agreement. In this paper, a selection of the literature on emergence is reviewed to identify some key characteristics and disputes. The various philosophical points of view are analyzed from the perspective of systems engineering, to sort out what characteristics have practical implications, and which philosophical quiddities are merely of theoretical interest. The paper also relates emergence to systems engineering practices and suggests some tactics for dealing with emergence. Key results are that the inclusion of an explicit observer is essential for understanding and handling emergence, and that emergence is closely related to the amount of information required to describe the system which is also a defining characteristic of complexity.

Nationell ämneskategori
Data- och informationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-61481 (URN)10.1002/iis2.12982 (DOI)
Konferens
32nd Annual INCOSE International Symposium. Detroit, USA. June 25-30, 2022.
Tillgänglig från: 2022-12-13 Skapad: 2022-12-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-22Bibliografiskt granskad
Svenson, P., Reichenberg, F. & Axelsson, J. (2021). A design method for collaborative systems of systems applied to Metropolitan Multi-Mode Transport System. In: 2021 16th International Conference of System of Systems Engineering (SoSE): . Paper presented at 2021 16th International Conference of System of Systems Engineering (SoSE) (pp. 13-18).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A design method for collaborative systems of systems applied to Metropolitan Multi-Mode Transport System
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: 2021 16th International Conference of System of Systems Engineering (SoSE), 2021, s. 13-18Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Systems of systems arise when independently owned, operated and developed systems can achieve mutual benefits by working together. In collaborative systems of systems, there is no directing entity that instructs others how and when to collaborate. Instead, the collaboration relies on independent decisions by the constituent systems to form collaborating constellations, and the benefits are emergent properties of this. In this paper, we describe a design method for engineering collaborative systems of systems. We apply the method to the design of a collaborative system of systems for mobility in a rural setting close to an urban area and to truck platooning.

Nyckelord
Design methodology, Urban areas, Collaboration, System of systems, Collaborative system of systems, SoS engineering
Nationell ämneskategori
Datorsystem
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-55986 (URN)10.1109/SOSE52739.2021.9497488 (DOI)
Konferens
2021 16th International Conference of System of Systems Engineering (SoSE)
Tillgänglig från: 2021-08-27 Skapad: 2021-08-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-22Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3986-1196

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