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Roos, S., Posner, S., Jönsson, C., Olsson, E., Linden, H., Schellenberger, S., . . . Arvidsson, R. (2020). A Function-Based Approach for Life Cycle Management of Chemicals in the Textile Industry. Sustainability
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A Function-Based Approach for Life Cycle Management of Chemicals in the Textile Industry
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2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Consumer products such as clothes and footwear sometimes contain chemical substances with properties that pose a risk to human health and the environment. These substances, restricted by law or company policy, are in focus for chemicals management processes by textile retailers. However, complex and non-transparent supply chains, and limited chemical knowledge, makes chemicals management challenging. Therefore, a function-based approach for life cycle management (LCM) of chemicals was developed, based on results of previous projects and evaluated using a two-step Delphi process. The resulting approach aims to help retailers identify and substitute hazardous substances in products, and consists of three parts: (i) a function-based chemicals management concept model for different levels of chemical information within the supply chain, (ii) tools for non-chemists which explain chemical information, and (iii) a continuous provision of knowledge to stakeholders (e.g., retailers) in a network. This approach is successfully implemented by over 100 retailers in the Nordic countries, providing the textile industry with practical and robust tools to manage and substitute hazardous chemicals in products and production processes. We conclude that the developed approach provides an explicit link, communication, and knowledge sharing between actors in the supply chain, which has proven important in chemicals LCM.

Emneord
life cycle management (LCM); LCM practice; chemicals management; substitution; knowledge sharing; textile; leather; retail; implementation
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-43937 (URN)10.3390/su12031273 (DOI)
Prosjekter
Mistra Future FashionSUPFES
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-02-17 Laget: 2020-02-17 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-19bibliografisk kontrollert
Roos, S., Jönsson, C., Posner, S., Arvidsson, R. & Svanström, M. (2019). An inventory framework for inclusion of textile chemicals in life cycle assessment. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 24(5), 838-847
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>An inventory framework for inclusion of textile chemicals in life cycle assessment
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2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, ISSN 0948-3349, E-ISSN 1614-7502, Vol. 24, nr 5, s. 838-847Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Toxicity impacts of chemicals have only been covered to a minor extent in LCA studies of textile products. The two main reasons for this exclusion are (1) the lack of life cycle inventory (LCI) data on use and emissions of textile-related chemicals, and (2) the lack of life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) data for calculating impacts based on the LCI data. This paper addresses the first of these two. Methods: In order to facilitate the LCI analysis for LCA practitioners, an inventory framework was developed. The framework builds on a nomenclature for textile-related chemicals which was used to build up a generic chemical product inventory for use in LCA of textiles. In the chemical product inventory, each chemical product and its content was modelled to fit the subsequent LCIA step. This means that the content and subsequent emission data are time-integrated, including both original content and, when relevant, transformation products as well as impurities. Another key feature of the framework is the modelling of modularised process performance in terms of emissions to air and water. Results and discussion: The inventory framework follows the traditional structure of LCI databases to allow for use together with existing LCI and LCIA data. It contains LCI data sets for common textile processes (unit processes), including use and emissions of textile-related chemicals. The data sets can be used for screening LCA studies and/or, due to their modular structure, also modified. Modified data sets can be modelled from recipes of input chemicals, where the chemical product inventory provides LCA-compatible content and emission data. The data sets and the chemical product inventory can also be used as data collection templates in more detailed LCA studies. Conclusions: A parallel development of a nomenclature for and acquisition of LCI data resulted in the creation of a modularised inventory framework. The framework advances the LCA method to provide results that can guide towards reduced environmental impact from textile production, including also the toxicity impacts from textile chemicals. Recommendations: The framework can be used for guiding stakeholders of the textile sector in macro-level decisions regarding the effectiveness of different impact reduction interventions, as well as for guiding on-site decisions in textile manufacturing.

Emneord
Chemical, LCA, Life cycle inventory, Textile, USEtox
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-36058 (URN)10.1007/s11367-018-1537-6 (DOI)2-s2.0-85055540338 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-11-07 Laget: 2018-11-07 Sist oppdatert: 2019-06-28bibliografisk kontrollert
Shahbazi, S., Kurdve, M., Zackrisson, M., Jönsson, C. & Kristinsdortter, A. R. (2019). Comparison of Four Environmental Assessment Tools in Swedish Manufacturing: A Case Study. Sustainability, 11(7), Article ID 2173.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Comparison of Four Environmental Assessment Tools in Swedish Manufacturing: A Case Study
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2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 7, artikkel-id 2173Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

To achieve sustainable development goals, it is essential to include the industrial system. There are sufficient numbers of tools and methods for measuring, assessing and improving the quality, productivity and efficiency of production, but the number of tools and methods for environmental initiatives on the shop floor is rather low. Incorporating environmental considerations into production and performance management systems still generally involves a top-down approach aggregated for an entire manufacturing plant. Green lean studies have been attempting to fill this gap to some extent, but the lack of detailed methodologies and practical tools for environmental manufacturing improvement on the shop floor is still evident. This paper reports on the application of four environmental assessment tools commonly used among Swedish manufacturing companies—Green Performance Map (GPM), Environmental Value Stream Mapping (EVSM), Waste Flow Mapping (WFM), and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)—to help practitioners and scholars to understand the different features of each tool, so in turn the right tool(s) can be selected according to particular questions and the industrial settings. Because there are some overlap and differences between the tools and a given tool may be more appropriate to a situation depending on the question posed, a combination of tools is suggested to embrace different types of data collection and analysis to include different environmental impacts for better prioritization and decision-making.

Emneord
sustainable manufacturing; environmental assessment tool; green lean
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-38810 (URN)10.3390/su11072173 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-05-17 Laget: 2019-05-17 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-07
Hedberg, J., Fransson, K., Prideaux, S., Roos, S., Jönsson, C. & Wallinder, I. O. (2019). Improving the life cycle impact assessment of metal ecotoxicity: Importance of chromium speciation, water chemistry, and metal release. Sustainability, 11(6), Article ID 1655.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Improving the life cycle impact assessment of metal ecotoxicity: Importance of chromium speciation, water chemistry, and metal release
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2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 6, artikkel-id 1655Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Investigations of metal ecotoxicity in life cycle assessment (LCA) and life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) are becoming important tools for evaluating the environmental impact of a product or process. There is, however, improvement needed for LCIA of metal ecotoxicity in order to make this assessment more relevant and robust. In this work, three issues within the LCIA of metal ecotoxicity are investigated, mainly focusing on topics related to stainless steel manufacturing. The first issue is the importance of considering regional water chemistry when constructing the characterization factor (CF). A model freshwater of relevance for stainless steel manufacturing in a region of Sweden was created with chemistry different from available options. The second issue is related to the lack of consideration on changes in speciation of Cr(VI) in freshwater for a given emission, as Cr(VI) to some extent will be reduced to Cr(III). Two new options are suggested based on relationships between the Cr(VI)-total Cr ratio as a way to improve the relevancy of LCIA for Cr(VI) in freshwater. The last issue is how to treat metal release from slags in LCIA. Metal release from slags was shown to vary significantly between different ways of modelling slag emissions (differences in total metal content, slag leaching tests, estimated emissions to groundwater). © 2019 by the authors.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
MDPI AG, 2019
Emneord
Chromium, Chromium(VI), Ecotoxicity, Life cycle assessment, Life cycle impact assessment, Metal release, Nickel, Slag, Stainless steel, USEtox
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-38466 (URN)10.3390/su11061655 (DOI)2-s2.0-85063495702 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-05-06 Laget: 2019-05-06 Sist oppdatert: 2019-06-27bibliografisk kontrollert
Zackrisson, M., Jönsson, C., Johannisson, W., Fransson, K., Posner, S., Zenkert, D. & Lindbergh, G. (2019). Prospective life cycle assessment of a structural battery. Sustainability, 11(20), Article ID 5679.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Prospective life cycle assessment of a structural battery
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2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 20, artikkel-id 5679Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

With increasing interest in reducing fossil fuel emissions, more and more development is focused on electric mobility. For electric vehicles, the main challenge is the mass of the batteries, which significantly increase the mass of the vehicles and limits their range. One possible concept to solve this is incorporating structural batteries; a structural material that both stores electrical energy and carries mechanical load. The concept envisions constructing the body of an electric vehicle with this material and thus reducing the need for further energy storage. This research is investigating a future structural battery that is incorporated in the roof of an electric vehicle. The structural battery is replacing the original steel roof of the vehicle, and part of the original traction battery. The environmental implications of this structural battery roof are investigated with a life cycle assessment, which shows that a structural battery roof can avoid climate impacts in substantive quantities. The main emissions for the structural battery stem from its production and efforts should be focused there to further improve the environmental benefits of the structural battery. Toxicity is investigated with a novel chemical risk assessment from a life cycle perspective, which shows that two chemicals should be targeted for substitution. © 2019 by the authors.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
MDPI AG, 2019
Emneord
Chemical risk assessment, Environmental engineering, LCA, Lightweight, Multifunctional material, Prospective
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-40605 (URN)10.3390/su11205679 (DOI)2-s2.0-85073981782 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Funding details: Computing Research Association, CRA; Funding details: 738085; Funding details: Vetenskapsrådet, VR, 621-2014-4577, 2017-03898; Funding details: Air Force Office of Scientific Research, AFOSR, FA9550-17-1-0244; Funding text 1: This research was funded by the XPRES initiative, the Swedish Research Council, projects 2017-03898 and 621-2014-4577, the strategic innovation program LIGHTer (funding provided by Vinnova, the Swedish Energy Agency and Formas), H2020 Clean Sky II project no. 738085 and by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under award number FA9550-17-1-0244. The LCA and CRA have been carried out by RISE IVF in close cooperation with the structural battery research group (Kombatt) at the Department of Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering and Department of Chemical Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology. The results of the LCA and CRA was communicated to the structural battery research group in an idea generation workshop in order to make the most possible use of the LCA results. It resulted in 35 ideas aiming at improving the environmental performance of a structural battery.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-12 Laget: 2019-11-12 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-12bibliografisk kontrollert
Schellenberger, S., Jönsson, C., Mellin, P., Levenstam, O. A., Liagkouridis, I., Ribbenstedt, A., . . . Benskin, J. P. (2019). Release of Side-Chain Fluorinated Polymer-Containing Microplastic Fibers from Functional Textiles During Washing and First Estimates of Perfluoroalkyl Acid Emissions.. Environmental Science and Technology, 53(24), 14329-14338
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Release of Side-Chain Fluorinated Polymer-Containing Microplastic Fibers from Functional Textiles During Washing and First Estimates of Perfluoroalkyl Acid Emissions.
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2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 53, nr 24, s. 14329-14338Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The quantity and composition of fibers released from functional textiles during accelerated washing were investigated using the GyroWash method. Two fabrics [polyamide (PA) and polyester/cotton (PES/CO)] were selected and coated with perfluorohexane-based side-chain fluorinated polymers. Fibers released during washing ranged from ∼10 to 500 μ with a similar distribution for the two textile types. The PA-based fabric released considerably more fibers >20 μm in length compared to the PES/CO-based fabric (>1000/GyroWash for PA vs ∼200/GyroWash fibers for PES/CO). After one GyroWash (2-15 domestic washes), fibers that contained approximately 240 and 1300 μg total fluorine per square meter (μg F/m2) were released from the PA and PES/CO fabrics, respectively. Current understanding of the fate of microplastic fibers suggests that a large fraction of these fibers reach the environment either in effluent wastewater or sewage sludge applied to land. In the environment, the fluorinated side chains will be slowly cleaved from the backbone of the side-chain fluorinated polymers coated on the fibers and then transformed into short-chain perfluoroalkyl acids. On the European scale, emissions of up to ∼0.7 t of fluorotelomer alcohol (6:2 FTOH) per year were estimated for outdoor rain jackets treated with fluorotelomer-based side-chain fluorinated polymers.

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-42537 (URN)10.1021/acs.est.9b04165 (DOI)31697071 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85076245307 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-01-10 Laget: 2020-01-10 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-03bibliografisk kontrollert
Roos, S., Larsson, M. & Jönsson, C. (2019). Supply chain guidelines: vision and ecodesignaction list.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Supply chain guidelines: vision and ecodesignaction list
2019 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

This guideline aims to inspire fashion companies that wants to transform their supplychain to become sustainable. It intends to inform about the current available knowledgethat research can offer and hopefully provide some answers to the issues that refraincompanies from starting the transition.

The first chapter gives an overview of environmental impacts associated with textileproduction in relation to the carrying capacity of the earth. The recommendations for thetextile industry to keep within the planetary boundaries are:

• by 2030 reduce emissions of greenhouse gases from textile use by 50%, and by 2050be carbon-neutral;

• by 2030 textile companies have knowledge of main suppliers’ water sources andrecipients, and the mean monthly river flows. By 2050, the control variable is suggestedto blue water withdrawal as % of mean monthly river flow and cooperation with otherlocal users.

• by 2030 phase out all persistent organic pollutants (POP) from textile production andminimize use of chemicals as well as responsible handling of chemicals.

The second chapter discuss the methodology used for developing the guidelines. Thetechnique of back casting was used to create a vision for how a sustainable supply chainliving up to the recommendations above could look like. The next step was to collect aseries of technical solutions that can reduce the environmental impacts, both via industrydialogue and literature sources.

Finally, the Results chapter presents the actions that have been identified as feasible withtoday’s available technology and with high efficiency in reducing environmental impact.The results chapter also quantifies the effects that the proposed actions would have. Allproposed actions are linked to technologies which are available in bulk scale today.The guidance document ends with the Ecodesign Action List where the intent is for acompany to in a systematic way see what actions are possible, starting with the actionsof highest impact reduction potential first and saving the less efficient (but still efficient)actions for last.

Serie
Mistra Future Fashion ; 2019:06
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-40580 (URN)978-91-89049-31-4 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-10-22 Laget: 2019-10-22 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-22
Kurdve, M., Hildenbrand, J. & Jönsson, C. (2018). Design for green lean building module production - Case study. Procedia Manufacturing, 25, 594-601
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Design for green lean building module production - Case study
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, s. 594-601Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

With an increasing societal need for temporary buildings, while construction industry faces resource and time efficiency challenges, factory assembly of modular buildings can be a solution. This case study at a start-up company uses experiences from assembly system design and eco-design literature to propose green lean design principles to be used in the design and development of building modules and their assembly stations. The eco-design strategy wheel is used as a basis and adapted for the assessment of green and lean building manufacturing.

Emneord
modular building production, green lean, eco-design
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-35399 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2018.06.096 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065674223 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Proceedings of the 8th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2018)

Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-10-16 Laget: 2018-10-16 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-03bibliografisk kontrollert
Kurdve, M., Jönsson, C. & Granzell, A.-S. (2018). Development of the urban and industrial symbiosis in western Mälardalen. Procedia CIRP, 73, 96-101
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Development of the urban and industrial symbiosis in western Mälardalen
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 73, s. 96-101Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

From a product service systems business model development perspective, this paper presents a case study of Västra Mälardalens industrial symbiosis, its maturity level and potentials for further development. The status and potentials of the symbiosis network, based on a survey, interviews and workshops, together with background statistics, is used to evaluate the potential improvement areas and suggest future research. The study contributes with application of evaluation models and confirms earlier research and in addition suggests future research in the field. The Symbiosis network has potential to be acting as innovation catalyst supporting companies to go beyond core business development.

Emneord
Industrial symbiosis, Product service systems, Sustainable industrial development, Regional innovation networks
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-35400 (URN)10.1016/j.procir.2018.03.321 (DOI)2-s2.0-85054470134 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

10th CIRP Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, IPS2 2018, 29-31 May 2018, Linköping, Sweden

Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-10-16 Laget: 2018-10-16 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-07bibliografisk kontrollert
Shahbazi, S., Jönsson, C., Wiktorsson, M., Kurdve, M. & Bjelkemyr, M. (2018). Material efficiency measurements in manufacturing: Swedish case studies. Journal of Cleaner Production, 181, 17-32
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Material efficiency measurements in manufacturing: Swedish case studies
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2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 181, s. 17-32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

A major factor in the continued deterioration of the global environment is unsustainable management of resources that includes the type and quantity of resources consumed and manufactured as well as the subsequent generation and treatment of wasted materials. Improved material efficiency (ME) in manufacturing is key to reducing resource consumption levels and improving waste management initiatives. However, ME must be measured, and related goals must be broken down into performance indicators for manufacturing companies. This paper aims to improve ME in manufacturing using a structured model for ME performance measurements. We present a set of ME key performance indicators (ME-KPIs) at the individual company and lower operational levels based on empirical studies and a structured literature review. Our empirical findings are based on data collected on the performance indicators and material and waste flows of nine manufacturing companies located in Sweden. The proposed model categorizes ME-KPIs into the following categories: productive input materials, auxiliary input materials, output products, and residual output materials. These categories must be measured equally to facilitate the measurement, assessment, improvement and reporting of material consumption and waste generation in a manufacturing context. Required qualities for ME-KPI suggested in literature are also discussed, and missing indicators are identified. Most of the identified ME-KPIs measure quality- and cost-related factors, while end-of-life scenarios, waste segregation and the environmental effects of waste generation and material consumption are not equally measured. Additionally, ME-KPIs must also be connected to pre-determined goals and that defining or revising ME-KPIs requires communication with various external and internal actors to increase employees’ awareness and engagement.

Emneord
Key performance indicators, Material efficiency, Sustainable production, Benchmarking, Efficiency, Manufacture, Sustainable development, Manufacturing companies, Material consumption, Performance indicators, Performance measurements, Resource consumption, Waste management
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-33400 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.01.215 (DOI)2-s2.0-85042354105 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

 Funding details: Knowledge Foundation; Funding text: The studies are connected to projects Innofacture, CiMMRec and SuRE BPMS. The authors acknowledge the funding received for these projects from the Swedish Knowledge Foundation, Mistra Closing the loop II and Vinnova. The research was conducted within the contexts of the XPRES initiative involving MDH and Swerea, as well as Chalmers Advanced Area of Production.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-03-08 Laget: 2018-03-08 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-07bibliografisk kontrollert
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3124-1723
v. 2.35.9