Endre søk
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Publikasjoner (6 av 6) Visa alla publikasjoner
Ahlgren, S., Morell, K., Lundmark, V. & Landquist, B. (2023). Biodiversitetsdatabas för livsmedel v1.0: metodrapport.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Biodiversitetsdatabas för livsmedel v1.0: metodrapport
2023 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Publisher
s. 34
Serie
RISE Rapport ; 2023:112
Emneord
Biodiversitet, biologisk mångfald, livsmedel, databas, LCA, livscykelanalys
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-67754 (URN)978-91-89821-97-2 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2021-02433
Merknad

Denna rapport beskriver hur en databas för olika livsmedels påverkan på biologisk mångfald har byggts upp – vilka metoder som använts, antaganden som gjorts och vilka dataunderlag som ingår. Projektet har finansierats av forskningsrådet Formas, genom utlysningen ”Från forskning till tillämpning för ett hållbart samhälle 2021” med diarienummer 2021-02433. 

Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-11-15 Laget: 2023-11-15 Sist oppdatert: 2023-12-12bibliografisk kontrollert
van Noord, M., Pettersson, I., Råberg, T., Morell, K., Björnsson, L.-H., Zinko, U., . . . Sandström, A. (2022). Biodiversity and Ecosystems Services in Swedish Solar Farms: Current Practice and a Planning Framework for Net Gain. In: Proceedings of the WCPEC-8 2022: . Paper presented at 8th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Milano, September 26-30, 2022 (pp. 985-991). Munich: WIP Renewable Energies
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Biodiversity and Ecosystems Services in Swedish Solar Farms: Current Practice and a Planning Framework for Net Gain
Vise andre…
2022 (engelsk)Inngår i: Proceedings of the WCPEC-8 2022, Munich: WIP Renewable Energies, 2022, s. 985-991Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

The Swedish solar farm market is expanding rapidly as ground-mounted solar plants are getting larger in size and number. This development inevitably leads to an increased land use change, which is the foremost cause of biodiversity loss. Along with a decrease in biodiversity, nature's supply of ecosystem services decreases, as well as chances to meet several (inter)national environmental and sustainable development goals. This study presents results of the Eco-Sun project, developing practical guidelines for the planning, construction and management of solar farms with a net zero, or net positive, impact on biodiversity and ecosystem services. It shows that biodiversity measures are present but limited in Swedish solar farms, while agrivoltaic crop cultivation is limited to one single site. In order to address environmental challenges and increase multiple land use, a step-by-step process is presented for the inclusion of biodiversity, agricultural and non-agricultural ecosystem services into the planning and design of ground-mounted solar PV.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Munich: WIP Renewable Energies, 2022
Emneord
Environmental Effect, Solar Landscaping, Sustainable, Agrivoltaics, Biodiversity and ecosystem services
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-62022 (URN)10.4229/WCPEC-82022-4AO.8.2 (DOI)3-936338-86-8 (ISBN)
Konferanse
8th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Milano, September 26-30, 2022
Prosjekter
Eko-Sol
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Energy Agency, P51007-1
Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-12-23 Laget: 2022-12-23 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-07bibliografisk kontrollert
Pettersson, I., Morell, K., Råberg, T., van Noord, M., Zinko, U., Ghaem Sigarchian, S., . . . Unger, M. (2022). ECOVOLTAICS OCH AGRIVOLTAICS: en handbok om solcellsparker som gynnar biologisk mångfald och ekosystemtjänster.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>ECOVOLTAICS OCH AGRIVOLTAICS: en handbok om solcellsparker som gynnar biologisk mångfald och ekosystemtjänster
Vise andre…
2022 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [sv]

Denna handbok beskriver relevansen av och tillvägagångssättet att planera och förvalta solcellsparker att gynna biologisk mångfald och ekosystemtjänster, med särskild fokus på jordbruk. Med utgångspunkten i hänsynshierarkin beskrivs hur målet om netto noll eller netto positiv påverkan kan integreras i solcellsprojektens olika faser. Centralt är att placeringar på mark med höga naturvärden ska undvikas. Planeringsfasen för nya solcellsparker behöver ta avstamp i de lokala förutsättningarna avseende befintliga naturvärden, potentialen för jordbruk och sociala och rekreativa värden. Sedan ska solcellsparken utformas så att solelproduktion och biologisk mångfald, jordbruk och/eller andra ekosystemtjänster kan samexistera. Detta kan underlättas genom zonindelningar och val av lämplig solcellsmontering och lämpliga solcellspaneler. Även framtagande av skötselplaner i ett tidigt skede bidrar till en anläggning som har goda förutsättningar att skapa multifunktionella värden. Anläggningsfasen ska utföras så att minimal påverkan sker på naturen och marken, till exempel genom att undvika vissa årstider, att hålla skyddsavstånd och undvika markpackning. Driftfasen handlar om rätt skötsel, så att den önskade biologiska mångfalden kan frodas och/eller att jordbruket är produktivt och att de olika aktiviteter kan hanteras effektivt sida vid sida. För att inspirera och ge konkret guidning innehåller handboken åtgärdsbibliotek för ekovoltaiska system (d.v.s. kombinationer av ökad biologisk mångfald och reglerande, kulturella och/eller stödjande ekosystemtjänster med solcellsinstallationer) och agrivoltaiska system. Solcellstekniska lösningar och deras påverkan på förutsättningar för framförallt jordbruk, men även biologisk mångfald, beskrivs också i mer detalj i handboken.

Publisher
s. 95
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-60868 (URN)978-91-89711-96-9 (ISBN)
Merknad

Denna handbok har tagits fram inom projektet Eko-Sol, som finansierats av Energimyndigheten

Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-10-18 Laget: 2022-10-18 Sist oppdatert: 2023-12-20bibliografisk kontrollert
Björnsson, L.-H., Morell, K., van Noord, M. & Pettersson, I. (2022). En kartläggning av solcellsparker i Sverige 2021.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>En kartläggning av solcellsparker i Sverige 2021
2022 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

This report aims to map the largest groundbased solar farms in Sweden to better understand how they are usually designed; on what type of land they are built and how they can interact with other types of activities such as agriculture and measures to improve conditions for biodiversity. Mid-2021, the typical solar farm with at least 1 MW installed power is built on arable land, can be restored and, as a rule, avoids protected and designated natural areas according to this study, which is mainly based on survey responses. Solar panels are typically directed to the south with a 30-35 degree tilt and are anchored with piles. Generally, the distance between the rows is greater than 3 meters. The most common factors determining the location of the park are the costs for land purchases/leases and proximity to electricity grid. About half of the facilities surveyed are combined with some measure intended to benefit biodiversity. Combining the photovoltaic system with grazing (25%) or cultivation (10%) is still relatively uncommon. The results show that there is an awareness of issues related to biodiversity and opportunities to combine photovoltaic installations with other activities. The increasing pace of expansion of photovoltaic capacity suggests that a deeper understanding of how photovoltaic systems are best adapted to their surroundings will increase in importance.

Publisher
s. 31
Serie
RISE Rapport ; 2022:64
Emneord
solcellspark, solel, markanvändning, biologisk mångfald, ekosystemtjänster, solar park, photovoltaics, land use, biodiversity, ecosystem services
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-59284 (URN)978-91-89711-04-4 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-05-24 Laget: 2022-05-24 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-07bibliografisk kontrollert
Ahlgren, S., Morell, K. & Hallström, E. (2022). Mapping of biodiversity impacts and hotspot products in Nordic food consumption.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Mapping of biodiversity impacts and hotspot products in Nordic food consumption
2022 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Alternativ tittel[sv]
Kartläggning av den nordiska livsmedelskonsumtionens påverkan på biologisk mångfald
Abstract [en]

The climate impact of food production has been lively debated over the last decades. It is e.g. well known that some products have a higher climate impact in comparison to other food products. The biodiversity impact of different food products is however less known. To steer the food production in a positive direction as well as to enable consumers, restaurants, public kitchens, and the food industry to make well-informed decisions, we need to address and measure this impact. The aim of this study has been to examine the biodiversity impact of Nordic and European food consumption. In this report we present (1) a brief summary of biodiversity indicators linked to food production and consumption, (2) different methods to evaluate biodiversity impact of food products and (3) a literature review of studies that assess biodiversity impacts of food products and diets. Based on the literature review, we identify food products suggested to have a higher respectively lower negative impact on biodiversity and discuss what changes that could promote a Nordic diet with lower negative impact on biodiversity. Finally, we highlight knowledge gaps and possibilities for future work. There are different methods to examine the biodiversity impact on food products, such as life cycle assessment, input-output-model, and mapping tools. Biodiversity footprints are often based on the land use (area and intensity) in combination with parameters linked to where the production takes place and thus what biodiversity values can be affected. The consumed amount of food is also often considered – a product with a low impact per kg can get a high impact when consumed to a high degree and vice versa. Our literature review shows a variety of food products with high negative biodiversity impact. Particularly, products that are known drivers of deforestation in tropical regions, such as palm oil, coffee, and cacao – as well as meat and/or animal products that have been fed with soybeans derived from tropical regions have a high negative impact on biodiversity. On the other hand, consumption of foods as vegetables, starchy roots, and pulses – ideally with domestic origin – are examples of foods indicated to have lower biodiversity impact which would be beneficial to eat more of in the Nordic diet. There are also examples of agricultural systems where human interference is crucial for maintaining a high level of biodiversity, for example keeping grazing animals on high-naturevalue-grasslands. If these lands are abandoned or planted with forest, numerous of species will be extinct. Thus, meat linked to these grasslands can also support biodiversity, especially in the Nordic countries where there are relatively many of these landscapes left (in comparison to the rest of Europe). As the studies reviewed varied in their scope, methods, and results, they are difficult to compare. More research is needed to confirm our conclusions. Furthermore, none of the methods are flawless and there are obvious difficulties with finding a transferable and scalable unit – like CO2-equivalents – since biodiversity impacts are highly dynamic and sitespecific. Additionally, most of the reviewed studies do not consider transformation of natural areas driven by food production, e.g., deforestation, and may therefore be underestimating the impacts. In future studies, the reference systems may also be discussed and further developed, and more taxonomic groups (e.g., arthropods such as insects) should preferably be included.

Publisher
s. 40
Serie
RISE Rapport ; 2022:25
Emneord
Biodiversity ; Impact assessment ; Food consumption ; Diets
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-59111 (URN)978-91-89561-42-7 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-04-20 Laget: 2022-04-20 Sist oppdatert: 2023-06-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Morell, K., Ahlgren, S., Hornborg, S. & Axelsson, A. F. (2022). Olika perspektiv på biologisk mångfald.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Olika perspektiv på biologisk mångfald
2022 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [sv]

En sammanställning som vänder sig till dig som är nyfiken på biologisk mångfald och hur olika branscher och sektorer –privata som offentliga –på olika sätt kan arbeta mot våra gemensamma mål: en bevarad mångfald och ett hållbart nyttjande av naturens resurser

Publisher
s. 24
Serie
RISE Rapport ; 2022:152
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-61614 (URN)978-91-89757-42-4 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-12-20 Laget: 2022-12-20 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-01bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8626-8328
v. 2.41.0