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  • van Kasteren, Anouk
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden. Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands.
    Brunnstrom, Kjell
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Industriella system. Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Hedlund, John
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Prototypande samhälle.
    Snijders, Chris
    University of Technology Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    Quality of Experience Assessment of 360-degree video2020Ingår i: Human Vision and Electronic Imaging 2020 / [ed] Chandler, D.M. McCourt, M. Mulligan, J.B., Burlingame, CA, USA, 2020, artikel-id HVEI-091Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The research domain on the Quality of Experience (QoE) of 2Dvideo streaming has been well established. However, a new videoformat is emerging and gaining popularity and availability: VR 360-degree video. The processing and transmission of 360-degree videosbrings along new challenges such as large bandwidth requirementsand the occurrence of different distortions. The viewing experienceis also substantially different from 2D video, it offers moreinteractive freedom on the viewing angle but can also be moredemanding and cause cybersickness. Further research on the QoEof 360-videos specifically is thus required. The goal of this study isto complement earlier research by (Tran, Ngoc, Pham, Jung, andThank, 2017) testing the effects of quality degradation, freezing, andcontent on the QoE of 360-videos. Data will be gathered throughsubjective tests where participants watch degraded versions of 360-videos through an HMD. After each video they will answerquestions regarding their quality perception, experience, perceptualload, and cybersickness. Results of the first part show overall ratherlow QoE ratings and it decreases even more as quality is degradedand freezing events are added. Cyber sickness was found not to bean issue.

  • Vylund, Lotta
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Säkerhet och transport, Safety.
    Mindykowski, Pierrick
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Säkerhet och transport, Safety.
    Palmkvist, Krister
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Säkerhet och transport, Safety.
    Methods and equipment for fire fighting with alternative fuel vehicles in ro-ro spaces2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden have carried out fire tests to evaluate fire fighting methods in case of a fire involving alternative fuel vehicles (AFV) in a ro-ro space. This report presents how selected fire fighting methods were practically evaluated for their possible to use in ro-ro spaces. The results can be applied for safer and more efficient manual fire fighting operations, which is increasingly important when carrying AFVs.

    The fire tests were performed in a large fire test hall at RISE Fire Research in Borås and the fire load was represented by a steel mock-up of a personal vehicle with a propane test rig, creating a fire of 4 MW. Steel walls, representing adjacent vehicles, were fitted with thermocouples to measure the temperature 0.6 m from the mock-up vehicle. Extinguishing media were applied between the mock-up and the steel wall on the left-hand of the vehicle and the temperature reduction was measured. The results present the reduction coefficient achieved by different systems, i.e. the heat blockage effect achieved by the systems. A high reduction coefficient indicates that the system has a high capacity to reduce heat exposure and prevent fire spread to an adjacent vehicle.

    For handheld system, the highest reduction coefficient was achieved by the Industrial system and the FRS system (but only with a high water flow rate), providing both a reduction coefficient of 0.64. Reduction coefficient on the opposite side of the vehicle, from where the water was applied, also varied between the different systems. The highest reduction coefficient on this side was achieved by the high pressure 60 system, providing a reduction coefficient of 0.34. For water curtain system the Hose provided the highest capacity to reduce heat exposure on both side of the vehicle.

    How different tactical options could optimize the performance of the handheld systems was evaluated primarily by visual observations. After the first part of the test was conducted (measuring blockage effects) the operator was able to oscillate the water spray, both up and down and over the vehicle. The operator also approached the vehicle from the front, at an angel of 45°, in order to observe the effects with respect to cooling or suppression. By varying the technique, it was possible to optimize the cooling effect on both sides of the vehicle, but the operator must be able to adjust cone angle and water spray pattern to maximize the effect. During this part of the tests it was possible to observe that some systems had a limitation in capacity with respect to cooling or suppression, especially if the pressure was low or if it had a low water flow rate. The water curtain systems were not able to affect the other side of the vehicle, which indicates the need of positioning the nozzle or hose on at least two sides of the burning vehicle to be able to efficiently prevent fire spread.

    A field test (outdoor) was also conducted to evaluate the practical usability of the tested systems. A simulated ro-ro space was built up on a fire rescue training field where relevant crew tried different tactical options with the different system. It was found that a semi-rigid hose with a small inner diameter is much easier to handle in most cases but must be compared with desired capacity of pressure, water flow rate and throw length. A hose with a larger inner diameter will have greater stiffness which proved to be useful when trying to position water curtain nozzles. The tests showed that it is possible to position water curtain nozzles to prevent fire spread, but the hose most be further developed to be able to use in ro-ro spaces.

  • Vylund, Lotta
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Säkerhet och transport, Safety.
    Gehandler, Jonathan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Säkerhet och transport.
    Karlsson, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Säkerhet och transport, Safety.
    Peraic, Klara
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Säkerhet och transport, Safety.
    Huang, Chen
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Säkerhet och transport, Safety.
    Evergren, Franz
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Säkerhet och transport, Safety.
    Fire-fighting of alternative fuel vehicles in ro-ro spaces2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Fire in alternative fuel vehicles in ro-ro spaces (BREND)

    A literature study has been carried out that compiles the body of research regarding hazards related to fire in alternative fuel vehicles (AFV) in ro-ro spaces. Alternative fuels include liquefied gas (e.g. LNG), compressed gas (e.g. CNG) and batteries. Hazards related to a conventional vehicle on fire are heat, smoke and toxic gases. Another hazard is projectiles related to small explosions of e.g. tyres or airbags. AFVs also include hazards of large explosion, jet flames, more apparent re-ignition, etc.

    The study also includes land based fire fighting tactics related to AFV fires. If the fuel storage on an AFV is affected, land-based firefighters often use a defensive tactic, which means securing the area around the vehicle and preventing fire propagation from a distance. This tactic has been evaluated in the context of a ro-ro space and the results are compiled in a test report (Vylund et al 2019). The project has resulted in guidelines on how to handle AFV fires in roro spaces (see appendix 1).

  • Rodhe, Lena
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Jordbruk och livsmedel.
    Algerbo, Per-Anders
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Jordbruk och livsmedel.
    Mjöfors, Kristina
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Jordbruk och livsmedel.
    Lundin, Gunnar
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Jordbruk och livsmedel.
    Gödsling med fosfor från slam – fysikaliska egenskaper och spridningsjämnhet2020Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vid framtagning av nya typer av gödselmedel är det angeläget att dessa har kemiska och fysikaliska egenskaper som möjliggör god spridningsprecision med de maskintyper som finns på marknaden. Detta är en förutsättning för att produkterna ska kunna användas och vara attraktiva för jordbruket.

    I studien ingick två fosforprodukter framställda med olika fosforutvinningstekniker, nämligen granuler (EkoBalans) bestående av struvit utfälld ur slutavvattningsrejekt på reningsverk samt ammoniumsulfat och kaliumklorid respektive pelletter (Outotec) tillverkade av aska från förbränning av slam. Dessa produkter jämfördes med marknads­produkterna Axan (granuler) respektive Biofer (pelletter).

    Inledningsvis bestämdes de fysikaliska egenskaperna hos framtagna fosforprodukter och marknadsprodukterna avseende kornstorlek, hållfasthet, flödesegenskaper, skrym­densitet samt dimensioner (pelletter). Även enklare fältteknik för bestämning av korn­storlek och hållfasthet användes inför spridningstesterna.

    Därefter utfördes spridartester utomhus i fält för att kontrollera spridbarheten med den i lantbruket vanligaste typen av spridare, centrifugalspridare. För spridningstesterna användes en testutrustning avsedd för fälttest av gödselspridare. Backar placerades ut tvärs kördraget för att samla upp gödseln över hela kastvidden vid en överfart med spridaren. Innehållet i backarna mättes och s.k. spridningsbilder togs fram och sprid­nings­jämnheten beräknades vid olika avstånd mellan kördragen.

    Den generella bedömningen var att de testade produkterna är spridningsbara med dagens centrifugalspridare. Vid framställning av produkter från återvunnen fosfor är granuler att föredra framför pelletter, främst på grund av att granulerna har högre massflöde vilket minskar risken för valvbildning och stopp i utmatningen.

    Marknadsprodukterna Axan och Biofer var ”homogenare” i storlek än produkterna av återvunnen fosfor. Hållfastheten hos granulerna från EkoBalans var nästan lika god som för marknadsprodukten. Fosfor-pelletterna från Outotec och EkoBalans hade god hållfasthet, medan Biofer-pelletterna gick lätt sönder. Av de pelleterade produkterna hade Outotec störst massflöde, delvis på grund av hög volymvikt. För granulerna var det ingen större skillnad i massflöde mellan marknadsprodukten och EkoBalans produkt bestående av återvunnen fosfor. Granulerna från EkoBalans hade lägre volymvikt än referensgödseln och relativt låg fosforkoncentration, vilket innebar hög giva (massa, volym) för att sprida en fosformängd av 22 kg/ha. Den rekommenderade doseringen (giva kg per ha) i fält kan därmed bli högre än vad dagens spridare klarar av.

    Spridning av EkoBalans granuler och Outotecs pelletter med arbetsbredder upp till 24 meter ska gå bra, men även arbetsbredder upp till 36 meter bör fungera. Dock krävs vidare spridartester i fält för att optimera spridaren så att acceptabel spridningsjämnhet uppnås vid önskad arbetsbredd. Gödsel med låg volymvikt och/eller litet växtnärings­innehåll kan resultera i låg spridningskapacitet. Låg volymvikt, lätta granuler eller pelletter, ökar också vindkänsligheten vid spridning.

    För att få ut en ny produkt på gödselmarknaden är det viktigt att aktuella inställnings­rekommendationer för spridarna finns tillgängliga. Test av produkten bör också göras kontinuerligt för att säkerställa kvaliteten över tiden. En testbädd med stationär och automatiserad testutrustning för att bestämma fysikaliska egenskaper såväl som att ta fram inställningsrekommendationer för spridare skulle öka möjligheterna att få ut produkter på marknaden.

  • Gyllenhammar, Magnus
    et al.
    Zenuity AB, Sweden.
    Johansson, Rolf
    Autonomous Intelligent Driving, Sweden.
    Warg, Fredrik
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Elektrifiering och pålitlighet.
    Chen, DeJiu
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Heyn, Hans-Martin
    Volvo Technology AB, Sweden.
    Sanfridson, Martin
    Volvo Technology AB, Sweden.
    Söderberg, Jan
    Systemite AB, Sweden.
    Thorsen, Anders
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Elektrifiering och pålitlighet.
    Ursing, Stig
    Semcon Sweden AB, Sweden.
    Towards an Operational Design Domain That Supports the Safety Argumentation of an Automated Driving System2020Ingår i: 10th European Congress on Embedded Real Time Systems (ERTS 2020), Toulouse, France, 2020Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the biggest challenges for self-driving road vehicles is how to argue that their safety cases are complete.The operational design domain (ODD) of the automated driving system (ADS) can be used to restrict where the ADS is valid and thus confine the scope of the safety case as well as the verification. To complete the safety case there is a need to ensure that the ADS will not exit its ODD. We present four generic strategies to ensure this. Use cases (UCs) provide a convenient way providing such a strategy for a collection of operating conditions (OCs) and furth erensures that the ODD allows for operation within the real world. A framework to categorise the OCs of a UC is presented and it is suggested that the ODD is written with this structure in mind to facilitate mapping towards potential UCs. The ODD defines the functional boundary of the system and modelling it with this structure makes it modular and generalisable across different potential UCs. Further, using the ODD to connect the ADS to the UC enables the continuous delivery of the ADS feature. Two examples of dimensions of the ODD are given and a strategy to avoid an ODD exit is proposed in the respective case.

  • Warg, Fredrik
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Elektrifiering och pålitlighet.
    Ursing, Stig
    Semcon Sweden AB, Sweden.
    Kaalhus, Martin
    Semcon Sweden AB, Sweden.
    Wiik, Richard
    Semcon Sweden AB, Sweden.
    Towards Safety Analysis of Interactions BetweenHuman Users and Automated Driving Systems2020Ingår i: 10th European Congress of Embedded Real Time Systems (ERTS 2020), Toulouse, France, 2020Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the major challenges of designing automateddriving systems (ADS) is showing that they are safe. This includes safety analysis of interactions between humans and the ADS, amulti-disciplinary task involving functional safety and human factors expertise. In this paper, we lay the foundation for a safety analysis method for these interactions, which builds upon combining human factors knowledge with known techniques from the functional safety domain.

    The aim of the proposed method is finding safety issues in proposed HMI protocols. It combines constructing interaction sequences between human and ADS as a variant of sequence diagrams,and use these sequences as input to a cause-consequence analysis with the purpose of finding potential interaction faults that may lead to dangerous failures. Based on a this analysis,the HMI design can be improved to reduce safety risks, and the analysis results can also be used as part of the ADS safety case.

  • Rapport (Refereegranskat)
  • Cristescu, Carmen
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Samhällsbyggnad, Byggteknik.
    Pousette, Anna
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Samhällsbyggnad, Byggteknik.
    Guide för att ställa cirkularitetskrav i upphandlingsdokument för nybyggnation2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This guide is a review of the most recent European results from reports which shared experience and knowledge on how to introduce circularity in procurement documents. It also contains the authors’ own conclusions and proposes a business model and a list of possible requirements that could be introduced in procurements by municipalities.

    It refers to the definition of circular building, to the principles behind it. It shows how to use the valuable experience of sustainability and how to pass from a sustainable procurement (Green public procurement) to circular procurement.

    The guide is meant to be a reference, a supporting document for public decisions-makers when choosing criteria for procurement document of new constructions.

  • Arvidson, Magnus
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Säkerhetsforskning.
    Frantzich, Håkan
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Sprinklersystem i fortifikationsläggningar under mark: Kostnad och nytta2020Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Fortifikationsverket (FORTV) has expressed a desire to investigate the design, reliability, performance and cost of a sprinkler system for a typical underground fortification facility. Based on the cost and the benefit associated with a sprinkler system, a cost-benefit analysis was performed. In addition, water mist fire protection systems were studied. The installation cost analysis was based on two fictious facilities; a small facility with a net area of 1 000 m2 and a large facility with a 5 000 m2 net area.

    The estimated installation cost for a traditional sprinkler system in the smaller type facility is about SEK 1,3 million and about SEK 3,3 million for the larger type facility. The installation cost for a high-pressure water mist system is higher than that of a traditional sprinkler system for the smaller type facility but comparable for the larger type facility. A low‑pressure water mist system seems to be the least expensive option for both types of facilities. This is probably because the system, unlike a traditional sprinkler system, requires smaller pipe sizes, smaller water pumps and a smaller water tank and unlike a high-pressure system uses normal steel pipes and less expensive centrifugal pumps.

    The cost-benefit analysis for the fictitious type facilities shows that a sprinkler system is cost-effective, especially for the larger type facility. But it should be noted that the uncertainty in the data base is quite large, which means that the trends in the result can be used for further analysis, but that the actual values ​​of the benefit ratio should be viewed with some caution. The sprinkler system mainly has an effect to reduce the property loss. The expected benefit for personal injury is around one percent of the total benefit of the sprinkler system. This is because the risk of fatality and injuries in the event of a fire is small, as people can usually put themselves in safety. The reduction in property loss was assumed to be 75%, and an assumed lowered benefit of sprinklers (50% and 25% property loss reduction, respectively) leads to a lower benefit ratio but for the large type facility the benefit ratio is still above 1,0. The benefit of sprinklers also decreases if the assumed fire frequency is reduced. However, for the larger type plant, the calculation shows that there is still a benefit, even if the assumed fire frequency is halved. The same applies if the cost of replacement of expensive equipment is assumed to be half as high.

  • Al-Ayish, Nadia
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Samhällsbyggnad.
    Mueller, Urs
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Samhällsbyggnad.
    Karaxi, E. K.
    National Technical University of Athens, Greece.
    Kartsonakis, I. A.
    National Technical University of Athens, Greece.
    Charitidis, C. A.
    National Technical University of Athens, Greece.
    De Meyst, L.
    Ghent University, Belgium.
    Safety and sustainability of new admixtures for durable concrete2019Ingår i: Durable Concrete for Infrastructure Under Severe Conditions: Smart Admixtures, Self-responsiveness and Nano-additions, 2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The sustainability of concrete infrastructures is highly dependent on the durability. A longer service life with low repair work reduces the resource use and hence the greenhouse gas emissions. New admixtures based on nanomaterials have the possibility to increase the service life. However, it is also important to consider the embodied impact of the material and safety issues concerning new nanomaterials. Here we present an overview on the latest developments on the safety and sustainability of some novel admixtures.

  • Pohl, Hans
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Karlström, Magnus
    Lindholmen Science Park, Sweden.
    Elektrifierade vägtransporter: publikationsstudie2020Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Road transport electrification – publication analysis

    This report summarizes the results of a study of scientific publications within vehicle electrification, i.e. battery, hybrid and/or fuel cell electric vehicles including the recharg-ing or refuelling infrastructure. A new method was developed for the study, which extracts Scopus publications relating to vehicle electrification. Three enabling technolo-gies; batteries, fuel cells, and electric machines including power electronics, were studied separately, as such publications only to a small extent are captured when searching for publications mentioning automotive applications.

    Results are given for the top 16 countries in terms of volume within vehicle electrification with special attention given to publications including Swedish (co-)authors. China is the dominating country and is still increasing its share. Sweden has a percentage of the world production between 0.8 – 1.4% and relatively low growth rate. On the other hand, the citation impact is high.

    Among the enabling technologies, batteries show the highest growth rate, in Sweden as well as in the world. China is approaching a 50% share of all battery publications.

    Other entities studied and discussed are institutions and authors and different dimen-sions including how international the research is and the share of academic-corporate co-publications.

  • Andersson, Lisa
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi.
    Molnar, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi.
    PROLOG: Processtöd för företag i stadsbyggnadssektorn som vill utveckla sitt arbete med medborgardialog2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Inkludering och dialog framhålls idag som viktiga komponenter för en socialt hållbar stadsutveckling. Som en följd av detta finns numera förväntningar på medborgardialog i fler sammanhang än vid lagstiftade samråd iplanprocesser. Dessa förväntningar påverkar hur kommuner, fastighetsutvecklare och byggherrar tar sig anstadsbyggnadsfrågorna. Det innebär även nya typer av uppdrag för arkitektkontor och andra konsultföretag i stadsbyggnadssektorn. Många såväl beställare som andra företag inom stadsbyggnadssektorn ställs alltså idag inför en mängd val kring hur de ska förhålla sig till och organisera sitt deltagande i medborgardialoger. Hur företaget organiserar sig på strategisk nivå har betydelse för medarbetarnas förutsättningar att delta i och bidra till medborgardialoger.Detta faktum uppmärksammas dock sällan vilket är anledningen till att processtödet Prolog har tagits fram.

  • Andersson, Lisa
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi.
    Stefan, Molnar
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi.
    ARKILOG: En studie om hur arkitektkontor organiserar sitt arbete med medborgardialog i stadsbyggnadsprojekt2019Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Under senare år har intresset för medborgardialoger ökat i stadsbyggnadsbranschen. Detta med förhoppningen att involvering av medborgare i utformningen av våra städer ska leda till allt ifrån ökad demokratisk legitimitet, till bättre utformade städer och mindre överklaganden.Det mesta av såväl den forskning som det praktiska utvecklingsarbete som har genomförts fokuserar dock på metoder för medborgardialogsamt medborgardialog ur ett maktperspektiv(Jahnke, Andersson, Molnar & Blomqvist,2018). Försvinnande lite arbete berör verksamhetersorganisering av medborgardialog, detta trots att det ökade intresset för medborgardialog innebär att allt fler aktörer börjar arbeta meddet. Studien riktar fokus mot arkitektkontor som allt oftare får i uppdrag att utföra dialoger eller utgöra samarbetspartner till den aktör som utför dialogen i stadsbyggnadsprojekt. Arkitekten har dessutom en speciell roll då hen ska bemötabåde beställarensönskemål och medborgarenseller brukarens behov, vilka kan skilja sig åt (Petrescu, 2005). Givet den här utvecklingen ärdet viktigt att generera kunskaper om arkitektkontors arbete med medborgardialog och hur detta påverkas av företagets övergripande organisering. Det är detta vi vill bidra till med denna populärvetenskapliga rapport. Vi har ett relativt brett fokus på alla former av kontakter som arkitekter har med medborgare,dock avgränsat till stadsbyggnadsprojekt. Med det senare menas arbete som berör utveckling av ett geografiskt område som innefattar mer än enbart en enstaka byggnad (vilket kan ske både inom och utanför den formella planprocessen).

  • Jahnke, Marcus
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi.
    Lööf, Jenny
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi.
    Konst händer Hammarbadet: När konsten tar plats.2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I området Hammarkullen i Göteborg domineras de offentliga miljöerna av män. Ett undantag har varitdet lokala badhuset Hammarbadet där kvinnor har kunnat mötas på sina villkor. 2014 beslutadeIdrotts- och föreningsnämnden att Hammarbadet skulle stängas. Badhuset, miljonprogramsområdetsikonbyggnad från 1973, hade stora renoveringsbehov och den nyöppnade anläggningen AngeredArena i samma stadsdel, med bad, gym och idrottshallar, var tänkt att ersätta det lilla badet. Menstarka protester från boende räddade Hammarbadet. I samband med detta inleddeStadsdelsförvaltningen Angered (SDF Angered) och RISE Stadsutveckling senhösten 2015 ettundersökande arbete som en del av samrådsprocessen tillsammans med en grupp kvinnor, somunder många år nyttjat badhuset själva och med sina familjer, för att se hur badet skulle kunnaförstärkas som en mötesplats för kvinnor, och mellan kulturer.

  • Lööf, Jenny
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi.
    Innovation platsforms: why, how and by whom?2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The complex challenges of today - ranging from social divisions to global warming - are difficult to handle by existing organisations, formed from a logic more suited for tasks and problems that can be clearly defined and divided. In recent years, innovation has often been emphasised as the key to managing complex societal challenges. Various forms of innovation efforts have become increasingly common. For example, investments in development and testing of new technical solutions in areas such as ICT, mobility and sustainable construction, but also solutions with social focus developed for and by the user such as more equal public space and services for sustainable lifestyles. It has become more common to work with concepts such as test beds and ‘living labs’, using design thinking and an experimental methodology in order to develop new solutions and innovation.

    The aim of this brochure is to offer an introduction to the concept of Innovation Platforms. What is an Innovation Platform, how it can be set up and function, and what a city or municipality might gain from working this way? This brochure is based on experiences from several national projects, such as the Swedish six year-long project Innovation Platforms for Sustainable, Attractive Cities (VINNOVA, 2013- 2019), with research overview from the RUGGEDISED-project and giving examples from both The Hague and Rotterdam in the Netherlands and Borås, Kiruna and Lund in Sweden.

  • Linden, Hanna
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Diedrich, Andreas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Baumann, Henrikke
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Life cycle work: A process study of the emergence and performance of life cycle practice2020Ingår i: Organization & environment, ISSN 1086-0266, E-ISSN 1552-7417Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Life cycle management (LCM) is a concept that goes beyond traditional corporate environmental management, due to its’ focus on a product’s entire life cycle. The spread of such concepts is usually understood in terms of processes of ‘diffusion’, whereby ideas spread over time by some inexplicable force. However, diffusion has proven less adequate to describe how ideas spreads in practice. Here, we address this oversight by studying the emergence and performance of what we refer to as life cycle practices. Drawing on an analysis of the development of a sustainability portfolio within a globally-operating manufacturing company, we illustrate the kinds of life cycle work involved in dealing with local activities and interests, connecting activities and interests into action-nets, performing life cycle practices, and spreading the life cycle idea. Finally, we discuss implications of life cycle work for research in the field of organization and management studies and for LCM research.

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