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  • Jiao, Fei
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Naderi, Ali
    BillerudKorsnäs.
    Zhao, Dan
    Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Schlueter, Joshua
    University of Kentucky, Lexington, USA.
    Shahi, Maryam
    University of Kentucky, Lexington, USA.
    Sundström, Jonas
    RISE, Innventia.
    Granberg, Hjalmar
    RISE, Innventia.
    Edberg, Jesper
    Linköpings Universitet, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Ail, Ujwala
    Linköpings Universitet, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Brill, Joseph
    BillerudKorsnäs.
    Lindström, Tom
    RISE, Innventia.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköpings Universitet, Norrköping, Sweden .
    Crispin, Xavier
    Linköpings Universitet, Norrköping, Sweden .
    Ionic thermoelectric paper2017In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 5, 16883-16888 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ionic thermoelectric materials, for example, polyelectrolytes such as polystyrene sulfonate sodium (PSSNa),constitute a new class of materials which are attracting interest because of their large Seebeck coefficientand the possibility that they could be used in ionic thermoelectric SCs (ITESCs) and field effect transistors.However, pure polyelectrolyte membranes are not robust or flexible. In this paper, the preparation of ionicthermoelectric paper using a simple, scalable and cost-effective method is described. After a compositewas fabricated with nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC), the resulting NFC–PSSNa paper is flexible andmechanically robust, which is desirable if it is to be used in roll-to-roll processes. The robust NFC–PSSNa thermoelectric paper combines high ionic conductivity (9 mS cm1), high ionic Seebeckcoefficient (8.4 mV K1) and low thermal conductivity (0.75 W m1 K1) at 100% relative humidity,resulting in overall figure-of-merit of 0.025 at room temperature which is slightly better than that for thePSSNa alone. Fabricating a composite with cellulose enables flexibility and robustness and this is anadvance which will enable future scaling up the manufacturing of ITESCs, but also enables its use fornew applications for conformable thermoelectric devices and flexible electronics.

  • Nordström, B.
    et al.
    SCA R&D Centre, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Hermansson, Lennart
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Effect of fiber length on formation and strength efficiency in twin-wire roll forming2017In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 32, no 1, 119-125 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A change in fiber length is known to change fiber flocculation and formation of machine-made paper, but it has been unclear how a change in formation through fiber length affects strength efficiency. (The strength efficiency reflects how well the furnish strength, as indicated by the handsheet strength, is utilized in the machine-made paper.) The effect of fiber length on strength efficiency in twin-wire roll forming was presently investigated by examining two furnishes with different average fiber length, prepared from the same batch of softwood kraft pulp, over a wide range of headbox consistencies on a pilot machine. An increase in fiber length resulted not only in worse Ambertec formation over the whole range of headbox consistencies but also in faster relative deterioration of the formation with increasing consistency. Tensile strength efficiency and Z-strength efficiency were both reduced when the formation was impaired through increased fiber length, and the effect was similar to the effect of a corresponding change in formation through headbox consistency. A given change in formation, through fiber length or headbox consistency, had a larger relative effect on Z-strength efficiency than on tensile strength efficiency.

  • Zackrisson, Mats
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Samordning av ledningssystem och Lean Production: 203 telefonintervjuer med verkstadsindustrins miljöchefer2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    203 miljöchefer i svensk verkstadsindustri har intervjuats via telefon på temat integration av formella ledningssystem som ISO 14001 och ISO 9001 med Lean-baserade förbättringsprogram.

    Intervjuerna tyder på att verkstadsföretag med lean-baserade förbättringsprogram och formella ledningssystem samordnar dessa i hög utsträckning. Hela 73% tycker att nivån på samordningen är lagom. Dock är studien för begränsad för att dra några slutsatser om hur väl systemen/programmen är integrerade i verksamheten i övrigt och den sammantagna effektiviteten.

    En hypotes som framförts av många är att leanarbete främjar miljöarbete på ett positivt sätt. Intervjuerna tyder på att verkstadsföretag med lean är mer miljöinriktade än verkstadsföretag i gemen, eftersom de låter miljöchefen sitta med i ledningsgruppen i större utsträckning. Dock ser de (verkstadsföretag med lean) inte större ekonomiska vinster av miljöarbetet än andra verkstadsföretag.

    En intressant observation i denna studie som bekräftas av andra data är att ISO 14001 håller på att bli vanligare än ISO 9000 i Sverige. Totalt i världen är ISO 9000 fyra gånger större än ISO 14001.

  • Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Recycling production cable waste: environmental and economic aspects2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main driver for recycling cable wastes is the high value of the conducting metal, while the plastic with its lower value is often neglected. New improved cable plastic recycling routes could provide both economic and environmental incentive to cable producers for moving up the "cable plastic waste ladder". The improvement potential for the European cable industry as a whole is roughly estimated to avoidance of 30 750 tonnes of CO

    2eq annually if these new techniques were to be applied to the 5% plastic waste stream from cable production. Cradle-to-gate life cycle assessment of the waste management of the cable scrap is suggested and explained as a method to analyze the pros and cons of different cable scrap recycling options at hand. Economic and environmental data about different recycling processes and other relevant processes and materials are given. Cable producers could use this data and method to assess the way they deal with the cable plastic waste today and compare it with available alternatives and thus illuminate the improvement potential of recycling cable plastic waste. Through using the data and methods provided, the user will be able to show the climate impacts of improving the cable waste recycling (compared to how it is done today) and also to show the economic and technical implications of such improvements.

  • Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Life cycle assessment of long life lithiumelectrode for electric vehicle batteries: 5Ah cell2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report contains a life cycle assessment of a 5Ah lithium battery cell with metallic lithium in the anode. It was performed in the context of the Swedish TriLi - Longlife lithium electrodes for EV and HEV batteries - project. The 5 Ah cell has been analyzed from cradle to grave, i.e., from raw material production over own manufacturing, use in a typical application and end-of-life. The study aims to highlight environmental hotspots with lithium batteries with metallic lithium in the anode in order to improve them as well as to verify environmental benefits with lithium batteries in vehicles.

    A number of LCAs of different depth and detail will be carried out in the TriLiproject, each following more or less the steps:

    1. Provision of preliminary cell design and data
    2. Screening LCA
    3. Workshop to present and discuss screening LCA results
    4. Revised cell design and data and recalculation of LCA
    5. Workshop to present and discuss LCA-results of “final” cell design
    6. Manufacturing of cell and testing of cell
    7. Calculation of final LCA if needed

    This report concerns the final LCA of a 5 Ah cell. The results indicate that:

    • LCA may be very helpful in the design process of batteries. An example is that the amount of lithium was reduced to a quarter without affecting battery performance, following that the screening LCA results pointed towards the lithium metal as the major source of climate impact.
    • The largest non-recyclable contributor to climate impact and abiotic depletion in the production phase is the assembly energy. It therefore warrants special attention in further efforts to minimize cell environmental impacts.
    • The cell efficiency is very important to consider. For η=0.95-0.5 electric losses range from 5 to 50% per delivered kWh. These losses are transformed into heat that may require further energy to get rid of.
    • Use phase weight related losses are quite low and become lower the heavier the vehicle is, i.e., battery weight is not all that important (efficiency is, for example, much more important).
    • At 4000-6000 discharge cycles and (η=0.9), production level climate impacts and use phase climate impacts are at the same level, assuming West European electricity mix for the propulsion. However, with carbonlean electricity for the propulsion, use phase climate impacts are much smaller and not at all dominant.
    • Abiotic depletion is dominated by metals depletion related to electricity distribution, not production. Therefore, abiotic depletion is not all assensitive to the choice of electricity mix as climate impact is.
  • Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Life cycle assessment of long life lithium electrode for electric vehicle batteries: cells for Leaf, Tesla and Volvo bus2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report contains a life cycle assessment of 10Ah lithium battery cells with metallic lithium in the anode. It was performed in the context of the Swedish TriLi - Longlife lithium electrodes for EV and HEV batteries - project. The cells have been analyzed from cradle to grave, i.e., from raw material production over own manufacturing, use in three different vehicles: Nissan Leaf, Tesla model S and a Volvo bus; and end-of-life. The study aims to highlight environmental hotspots with lithium batteries with metallic lithium in the anode in order to improve them as well as to investigate environmental benefits with such lithium batteries in different vehicles. Battery cells with metallic lithium in the anode and LFP and NMC chemistry were compared to the original vehicle batteries. In short, the study points towards the following conclusions:

     Both the LFP and NMC lithium metal anode battery cells shows lower climate impact potential, lower abiotic depletion potential and lower toxicity potential than the original NMC and NCA cells with copper anodes. The main reason for the difference is higher energy density which gives lower weight and thus lower electricity consumption. However, the lower carbon footprint of the metal anode cells rests on the assumption that they last as many cycles as the original NMC and NCA, something which has not yet been proven.

     For the same reason (higher energy density) the NMC chemistry shows lower environmental impacts per vehicle kilometre than the LFP chemistry for the metal anode battery cells, but here the difference is much smaller and probably within error margins.

     Assembly energy is a main driver for climate impact. Sensitivity calculations with Swedish average electricity mix for production of the cells show that production impacts can be reduced by 25% by producing in Sweden, compared to global average production.

  • Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Life cycle assessment of high temperature batteries: 5Ah cell2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report contains a life cycle assessment of a 5Ah LiFeSO4F high-temperature battery cell weighing 110 grams. It was performed in the context of the Swedish From road to load project. The 5 Ah cell has been analyzed from cradle to grave, i.e., from raw material production over own manufacturing, use in a typical application and end-of-life. It has also been compared to other lithium battery cells. The results indicate that:

     Production in Sweden is favourable due to that electricity is a main driver of climate impact and toxicity in the production phase.

     Electricity is a main driver of climate impact and toxicity also in the use phase which emphasizes the need to keep the charge/discharge efficiency high.

     Indium tin oxide in the anode dominates abiotic depletion.

     Comparison with lithium-air cells reflects that the lithium air technology is still very far from commercial reality, while indicating that it is an interesting technology for the future.

  • Lindh, Erik L.
    et al.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Terenzi, Camilla
    Salmén, Lennart
    RISE, Innventia.
    Furo, I
    Water in cellulose: evidence and identification of immobile and mobile adsorbed phases by 2H MAS NMR2017In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 19, 4360-4369 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The organization of water molecules adsorbed onto cellulose and the supramolecular hydrated structure of microfibril aggregates represents, still today, one of the open and complex questions in the physical chemistry of natural polymers. Here, we investigate by 2H MAS NMR the mobility of water molecules in carefully 2H-exchanged, and thereafter re-dried, microcrystalline cellulose. By subtracting the spectral contribution of deuteroxyls from the spectrum of hydrated cellulose, we demonstrate the existence of two distinct 2H2O spectral populations associated with mobile and immobile water environments, between which the water molecules do not exchange at the NMR observation time scale. We conclude that those two water phases are located at differently-accessible adsorption sites, here assigned to the cellulose surfaces between and within the microfibril aggregates, respectively. The superior performance of 2H MAS NMR encourages further applications of the same method to other complex systems that expose heterogeneous hygroscopic surfaces, like wood cell walls.

  • Sandin, Gustav
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy, Biorefinery and Energy.
    Life cycle assessment in the development of forest products: Contributions to improved methods and practices2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The prospect of reducing environmental impacts is a key driver for the research and development (R&D) of new forest products. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is often used for assessing the environmental impact of such products, e.g. for the purpose of guiding R&D. The aim of this thesis is to improve the methods and practices of LCA work carried out in the R&D of forest products. Six research questions were formulated from research needs identified in LCA work in five technical inter-organisational R&D projects. These projects also provided contexts for the case studies that were used to address the research questions. The main contributions of the research are as follows:

    Regarding the planning of LCA work in inter-organisational R&D projects, the research identified four characteristics that appear to be important to consider when selecting the roles of LCAs in such projects: (i) the project’s potential influence on environmental impacts, (ii) the degrees of freedom available for the technical direction of the project, (iii) the project’s potential to provide required input to the LCA, and (iv) access to relevant audiences for the LCA results.

    Regarding the modelling of future forest product systems, it was found that (i) it is important to capture uncertainties related to the technologies of end-of-life processes, the location of processes and the occurrence of land use change; and (ii) the choice of method for handling multi-functionality can strongly influence results in LCAs of forest products, particularly in consequential studies and in studies of relatively small co-product flows.

    Regarding the assessment of environmental impacts of particular relevance for forest products, it was found that using established climate impact assessment practices can cause LCA practitioners to miss environmental hot-spots and make erroneous conclusions about the performance of forest products vis-à-vis non-forest alternatives, particularly in studies aimed at short-term impact mitigation. Also, a new approach for inventorying water cycle alterations was developed, which made it possible to capture catchment-scale effects of forestry never captured before.

    To connect the LCA results to global challenges, a procedure was proposed for translating the planetary boundaries into absolute product-scale targets for impact reduction, e.g. to be used for evaluating interventions for product improvements or for managing trade-offs between impact categories.

  • Åkerfeldt, Maria
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF. University of Borås.
    Nilsson, Erik
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF. Chalmers University of Technology.
    Gillgard, Philip
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Walkenström, Pernilla
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Textile piezoelectric sensors – melt spun bi-component poly(vinylidene fluoride) fibres with conductive cores and poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene)-poly(styrene sulfonate) coating as the outer electrode2014In: Fashion and Textiles, ISSN 2198-0802, Vol. 1, no 13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The work presented here addresses the outer electroding of a fully textile piezoelectric strain sensor, consisting of bi-component fibre yarns of β-crystalline poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) sheath and conductive high density polyethylene (HDPE)/carbon black (CB) core as insertions in a woven textile, with conductive poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene)-poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) coatings developed for textile applications. Two coatings, one with a polyurethane binder and one without, were compared for the application and evaluated as electrode material in piezoelectric testing, as well as tested for surface resistivity, tear strength, abrasion resistance and shear flexing. Both coatings served their function as the outer electrodes in the system and no difference in this regard was detected between them. Omission of the binder resulted in a surface resistivity one order of magnitude less, of 12.3 Ω/square, but the surface resistivity of these samples increased more upon abrasion than the samples coated with binder. The tear strength of the textile coated with binder decreased with one third compared to the uncoated substrate, whereas the tear strength of the coated textile without binder increased with the same amount. Surface resistivity measurements and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of the samples subjected to shear flexing showed that the coatings without the binder did not withstand this treatment, and that the samples with the binder managed this to a greater extent. In summary, both of the PEDOT:PSS coatings could be used as outer electrodes of the piezoelectric fibres, but inclusion of binder was found necessary for the durability of the coating.

  • Robinson, Steve
    et al.
    Scottish Enterprise.
    Maclean, Lorna
    Scottish Enterprise.
    Abghay, Hicham
    Scottish Enterprise.
    Püchner, Petra
    Steinbeis-Europa-Zentrum der Steinbeis Innovation GmbH.
    Loeffler, Jonathan
    Steinbeis-Europa-Zentrum der Steinbeis Innovation GmbH.
    French, Tracey
    Steinbeis-Europa-Zentrum der Steinbeis Innovation GmbH.
    Welck, Hartmut
    Steinbeis-Europa-Zentrum der Steinbeis Innovation GmbH.
    Bräck, Thomas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Mikheil, Marian
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Vännman, Christin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Maupoix, Max
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    INNOWEST Innovation services through peer learning to efficientlyincrease innovation management capacity among SMEs: Design Option Paper2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The INNOWEST project has used peer learning under “Twinning Advanced” to exchange common challenges and experiences from new and existing innovation services. This has resulted in this Design Option Paper (DOP) which presents options, guidelines and implementation alternatives that three EEN - Enterprise Europe Network partners in three regions would recommend to other innovation support service agencies. In particular, the DOP address EEN partners in Europe, primarily in Sweden, Germany and the UK (Scotland)The first part of the DOP contains a background on and description of the challenge addressed by the DOP. This part outlines the need for a governmental intervention, state the rational for addressing the challenge and give contextual information for the solution or approach presented.The second part is followed by a description, evaluation and analysis of related measures that have been studied and an overall guide to the applicability of the document including e.g. target audience, contextual requirements (experiences or current schemes that helps, commitments politically, legally and economically to make the effort feasible etc).

  • Lundqvist, Sven-Olof
    et al.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Grahn, Thomas
    RISE, Innventia.
    Olsson, Lars
    RISE, Innventia.
    Seifert, Thomas
    Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
    Comparison of wood, fibre and vessel properties of drought-tolerant eucalypts in South Africa2017In: Southern Forests, a journal of forest science, ISSN 2070-2620, E-ISSN 2070-2639, 1-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three drought-tolerant eucalypt genotypes have been investigated for a broad spectrum of properties to provide a basis for comparison on their suitability for various end-uses. The genotypes included were a Eucalyptus grandis × E. camaldulensis hybrid, E. gomphocephala and E. cladocalyx, selected based on previous studies that indicated good potential to tolerate arid conditions, reasonably good volume growth and straightness of stems. In this study, information was added on differences between species and parts of stems in growth (volume and biomass) and properties of wood (density and stiffness), fibres (dimensions and microfibril angle) and vessels (size and numbers). We found high wood densities and stiffness values for E. cladocalyx and E. gomphcephala, making them suitable for construction wood. Logs from the mid-part of the stem had the best timber properties, as the butt logs showed the highest microfibril angle and lowest wood stiffness due to longitudinal juvenility. Such juvenility was also to some degree observed for wood density and fibre length. The information gained will be especially helpful for selecting species and processing options for small farm and community plantations for producing higher-value products that may be sold to generate much-needed income as well as for local uses, such as fuelwood and charcoal. © 2017 The Authors

  • Roos, Sandra
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Posner, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Labelling of chemicals in textiles: Nordic Textile Initiative2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report contains an analysis of the needs and barriers for a legal requirement on declaration and/or labelling of chemicals in textiles. The project is a part of the Nordic action plan for textiles ”Well dressed in a clean environment. Nordic action plan for sustainable fashion and textiles”. Based on the findings from the analysis in this report, a way forward towards a legal requirement on a declaration and/or labelling of chemicals in textiles is proposed via two main options. One option is to work for an extension of the REACH legislation: to make it applicable for labelling and declaration. This option is supported by the industry. Another option is to create a new legislation framework; a product safety regulation for textiles. This option may have a more holistic approach and can include CE-marking.

  • Spaepen, Lutgart
    et al.
    VLAIO ‐ Flanders Innovation & Entrepreneurship.
    Vanschoonbeek, Eddy
    VLAIO ‐ Flanders Innovation & Entrepreneurship.
    Hantson, Karolien
    VLAIO ‐ Flanders Innovation & Entrepreneurship.
    de Brabandere, Anne
    VLAIO ‐ Flanders Innovation & Entrepreneurship.
    Bagur, Jaume
    Fundació BIT ‐ Balears d'Innovació i Tecnologia.
    Salamanca, Immaculada
    Fundació BIT ‐ Balears d'Innovació i Tecnologia.
    Maupoix, Max
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Bräck, Thomas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Mikheil, Marian
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Design Options Paper SME Value Chains: Peer learning of innovationagencies about innovation support in SMEs in transnational business valuechains2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As a result of globalization the production of goods and services is getting increasingly spread over companies and countries. Goods are nowadays processed in many sequential stages at the most suited location for the activity. Multinationals lead the process. Small and medium ‐sized enterprises (SMEs) try to participate as partners, but they face serious challenges to get access to the markets and to add value in these global value chains (GVCs).

    On the other hand governments and nongovernmental institutions and organisations, inspired by research on the importance of the participation of SMEs in GVCs, are seeking to implement policies and programs intended to support entrepreneurs in this field.

    In INNOSUP project H2020 ‐ CSA‐LS 671524, we learn together with innovation agencies from three European regions about SMEs in transnational business value chains, or even GVCs, and the support they receive or need. In this project we wanted to challenge some of the ‘myths’ surrounding the nature of GVCs and the added value our SMEs can create in them.

    At the beginning of the project, the perception prevailed that the multiple types of support offered to the companies of our target group were often misdirected and failed to provide relevant support to the type of businesses we aimed in our project. At the same time, the existing public support measures were seen to largely neglect the real needs of this category of SMEs. Some of the interviews revealed that indeed part of this critique is true. But, surprisingly or not, in many other cases, SMEs much welcome the efforts public support makes. Consequently, in addition to providing critical comments on certain public support measures for the innovation and internationalisation of SMEs and how they relate to the participation of these businesses in GVCs, we present a few suggestions for how regional and EU small business policy can potentially be reconfigured to cover the needs of these firms.

  • Posner, Stefan
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Roos, Sandra
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Brunn Poulsen, Pia
    FORCE Technology.
    Ólína Jörundsdottir, Hrönn
    Matis.
    Gunnlaugsdóttir, Helga
    Matis.
    Xenia Trier, D
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Astrup Jensen, Allan
    Nordic Institute of Product Sustainability Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology.
    A. Katsogiannis, Athanasios
    Norwegian Institute for Air Reasearch.
    Herzke, Dorte
    Norwegian Institute for Air Reasearch.
    Cecilie Bonefeld-Jörgensen, Eva
    University of Aarhus.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Alsing Pedersen, Gitte
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Ghisari, Mandana
    University of Aarhus.
    Jensen, Sophie
    Matis.
    Per- and polyfluorinated substances in the Nordic Countries: Use, occurence and toxicology2013Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This Tema Nord report presents a study based on open information and custom market research to review the most common perfluorinated substances (PFC) with less focus on PFOS and PFOA.The study includes three major parts: 1) Identification of relevant per-and polyfluorinated substances and their use in various industrial sectors in the Nordic market by interviews with major players and database information. 2) Emissions to and occurence in the Nordic environment of the substances described in 1). 3) A summary of knowledge of the toxic effects on humans and the environment of substances prioritized in 2). There is a lack of physical chemical data, analystical reference substances, human and environmental occurrence and toxicology data, as well as market information regarding PFCs other than PFOA and PFOS and the current legislation cannot enforce disclosure of specific PFC substance information.

  • Årsredogörelse 1.7 1972 - 30.6 19731973Report (Refereed)
  • Svenska Institutet för Konserveringsforskning, Göteborg1968Report (Refereed)
  • Verksamhetsberättelse för Svenska Institutet för Konserveringsforskning 1.7 1971 - 30.6 19721972Report (Refereed)
  • Nerbrink, Eva
    et al.
    Borch, Elisabeth
    Blomqvist, Marie
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SIK – Institutet för livsmedelsforskning.
    Mårdén, Per
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SIK – Institutet för livsmedelsforskning.
    Jämförelse av olika metoder för analys av Listeria1993Report (Refereed)
  • SIK:s skrifter 1971-1976. SIK publication series 1971-1976.1977Report (Refereed)
  • von Sydow, E
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SIK – Svenska institutet för konserveringsforskning.
    Swedish Institute for Food Preservation Research = Svenska institutet för konserveringsforskning (SIK)1968Report (Refereed)
  • Årsredogörelse. Annual Report. 1/7 1060 - 30/6 19611961Report (Refereed)
  • Årsredogörelse: 1.7 1973 - 30.6 19741974Report (Refereed)
  • Annual Report 1.7 1973 - 30.6 19741974Report (Refereed)
  • Annual Report: 1.7 1972 - 30.6 19731973Report (Refereed)
  • Årsredogörelse: 1.7 1971 - 30.6 19721972Report (Refereed)
  • Forskningsprogram 1982-851981Report (Refereed)
  • von Sydow, E
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SIK – Svenska livmedelsinstitutet.
    Årsberättelse. [19]76/771977Report (Refereed)
  • Verksamhetsberättelse för Svenska Institiutet för Konserveringsforskning: 1 juli 1973 - 30 juni 19741974Report (Refereed)
  • López Sánchez, P
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SIK – Institutet för livsmedel och bioteknik.
    Designed textures from plant cell material2008Report (Refereed)
  • Årsberättelse. [19]75/761976Report (Refereed)
  • SIK Annual Report. 1.7 1971 - 30.6 19721972Report (Refereed)
  • Bengtsson, N
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